Australasian Plant Disease Notes

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 34–36 | Cite as

Current status of bacterial canker spread on kiwifruit in Italy

  • G. M. BalestraEmail author
  • A. Mazzaglia
  • A. Quattrucci
  • M. Renzi
  • A. Rossetti


A survey of kiwifruit orchards in central and northern Italy during 2007–2008 consistently detected serious damage caused by bacterial canker. The causal agent, Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, was repeatedly isolated from diseased plants, mainly Actinidia chinensis Pl. cultivars. Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae was identified by morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics as well as molecular analyses. Disease severity, varietal susceptibility, trade implications and control strategies are discussed.


Bacterial Canker Australasian Plant Disease Note Provisional Identity Actinidia Deliciosa Actinidia Chinensis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Altschul SF, Gish W, Miller W, Myers EW, Lipman DJ (1990) Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology 215, 403–410.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Balestra GM, Varvaro L (1997) Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Causal Agent of Disease on Floral Buds of Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev) Liang et Ferguson in Italy. Journal of Phytopathology 145, 375–378. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.1997.tb00417.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Belrose Inc. (2008) World Kiwifruit Review. 2008 edition. Pullman, WA Belrose Inc., USA.Google Scholar
  4. Koh JK, Nou IS (2002) DNA Markers for Identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae. Molecules and Cells 13, 309–314.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Koh JK, Cha BJ, Chung HJ, Lee DH (1994) Outbreak and spread of bacterial canker in kiwifruit. Korean Journal of Plant Pathology 10, 68–72.Google Scholar
  6. Mazarei M, Mostofipour P (1994) First report of bacterial canker of kiwifruit in Iran. Plant Pathology 43, 1055–1056. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.1994.tb01658.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Serizawa S, Ichikawa T (1993) Epidemiology of bacterial canker of kiwifruit. 1. Infection and bacterial movement in tissue of new canes. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 59, 452–459.Google Scholar
  8. Serizawa S, Ichikawa T, Takikawa Y, Tsuyumu S, Goto M (1989) Occurrence of bacterial canker of kiwifruit in Japan: description of symptoms, isolation of the pathogen and screening of bactericides. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 55, 427–436.Google Scholar
  9. Scortichini M (1994) Occurrence of Pseudomonas syringe pv. actinidiae on kiwifruit in Italy. Plant Pathology 43, 1035–1038. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.1994.tb01654.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Takikawa Y, Serizawa S, Ichikawa T (1989) Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae pv. nov.: the causal bacterium of canker of kiwifruit in Japan. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan 55, 437–444.Google Scholar
  11. Testolin R, Ferguson AR (2009) Kiwifruit (Actinidia spp.) production and marketing in Italy. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 37, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Varvaro L, Magro P, Mainolfi P (1990) Comparsa di Pseudomonas viridiflava su Actinidia deliciosa in Italia. Informatore Fitopatologico 6, 49–53.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Balestra
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Mazzaglia
    • 1
  • A. Quattrucci
    • 1
  • M. Renzi
    • 1
  • A. Rossetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Protezione delle PianteUniversità degli Studi della TusciaViterboItaly

Personalised recommendations