Australasian Plant Pathology

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 401–411 | Cite as

Infection of Australian canola cultivars (Brassica napus) by Leptosphaeria maculans is influenced by cultivar and environmental conditions

Article

Abstract

Infection of canola (Brassica napus) by the blackleg fungus (Leptosphaeria maculans) and subsequent development of leaf and stem lesions was influenced by cultivar resistance and weather conditions. Cultivars Dunkeld, Hyola 42, Karoo, Monty, Pinnacle, Scoop and Mystic showed varying resistance to stem and cotyledon infection, but were susceptible to leaf infection. Fewer lesions were observed on the leaves of the highly resistant cv. Hyola 60 than on other cultivars and scanning electron microscopy revealed that pycnidiospore germination and mycelial growth were inhibited on cv. Hyola 60. Infection by natural ascospore inoculum was favoured by periods of increased rainfall, temperature and wind activity and infection was most prevalent early in the growing season, when plants were most vulnerable to leaf infection. Cultivar Hyola 60 developed very little disease and, hence, was unaffected by environmental conditions. On the intermediate cw. Hyola 42, Monty, Pinnacle and Scoop, disease incidence increased with rainfall pre-sowing, whereas this was not the case for the intermediate cw. Dunkeld, Karoo and Mystic and the susceptible cv. Q2. Disease development on all cultivars except Hyola 60 increased with decreased degree-days during leaf growth. Yield was closely correlated to incidence of stem canker on susceptible cultivars, but not resistant cultivars.

Additional keywords

epidemiology Phoma Ungarn 

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Copyright information

© Australasian Plant Pathology Society 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Sosnowski
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. S. Scott
    • 1
  • M. D. Ramsey
    • 3
  1. 1.Discipline of Plant and Pest ScienceThe University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia
  2. 2.South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI)AdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Animal and Plant Control CommissionAustralia

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