Advertisement

Modeling the spill in the Songhua River after the explosion in the petrochemical plant in Jilin

  • Wenjing FuEmail author
  • Huijin Fu
  • Karen Skøtt
  • Min Yang
Research Article Area 2.2 · Modeling of Chemicals in Water

Abstract

An explosion in a petrochemical plant in Jilin in the northeast of China on 13 November 2005 was responsible for the discharge of large quantities of benzene and nitrobenzene into Songhua River. This endangered the water supply of Harbin city and influenced the daily life for millions of people. The dispersion-advection equation was solved analytically and numerically and used to simulate the concentration of benzene and nitrobenzene in the Songhua River after the accident. Both solutions gave practically identical results. The main elimination process for both compounds was volatilization. The model results are quite close to the results obtained by measurements at monitoring stations. Arrival time of the pollutant wave, peak concentrations and end of the pollutant wave at Harbin and along the river were predicted successfully. The peak concentrations of nitrobenzene at Harbin were more than 30 times above the permissible limits for drinking water.

Keywords

Accidents benzene chemical industry China Harbin Jilin model nitrobenzene petrochemical plant Songhua River spills 

References

  1. Brüggemann R, Trapp S, Matthies M (1991): Behaviour assessment for a volatile chemical in the Rhine River. Environ Toxicol Chem 10, 1097–1103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. HINC Heilongjiang Information Network of China (2006) http://www.hljxxw.gov.cn/sqgl/dxqh/t20051115_3204.htm, accessed 21 Nov 2006
  3. IKSR Internationale Kommission zum Schutz des Rheins (1991): Rhine alarm model 2.0. Report-no. II-4 of the KHR, Koblenz, D (in German)Google Scholar
  4. Reichert P, Wanner O (1987): Simulation of a severe case of pollution of the Rhine River. Proceedings of the Twelfth Congress of the International Association of Hydraulic Research, Lausanne, Switzerland, Aug. 31–Sept. 4. Water Resources, Littleton, CO, pp 239–244Google Scholar
  5. Rippen G (2006): Handbuch Umweltchemikalien. ecomed, Landsberg am Lech, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  6. Southworth GR (1979): The role of volatilization in removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from aquatic environments. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 21, 507–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Tan F (2005): Toxic threat watered down in Harbin. Asian Chemical News 11(517) 11Google Scholar
  8. Trapp S, Harland B (1995): Field test of volatilization models. Env Sci Pollut Res 2(3) 164–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Trapp S, Matthies M (1998): Chemodynamics and environmental modeling, Springer, Berlin, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  10. UNEP United Nations Environment Programme (2005): Chinese River Contamination Resulting from A Petrochemical Explosion and Toxic Spill. http://www.uneptie.org/pc/apell/disasters/china_harbin/info.htm and http://www.uneptie.org/pc/apell/disasters/china_harbin/unepmr.pdf, accessed 21 Nov 2006

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environment & Resources DTUTechnical University of DenmarkKongens LyngbyDenmark

Personalised recommendations