Semi-field methods are a useful tool for the environmental risk assessment of pesticides in soil

  • Andreas Schäffer
  • Paul van den Brink
  • Fred Heimbach
  • Simon Hoy
  • Frank de Jong
  • Jörg Römbke
  • José Paulo Sousa
  • Martina Roß-Nickoll
Area 1 · Terrestrial Ecology + Biology · Commentary

Keywords

Environmental Risk Assessment Soil Community Plant Protection Product High Tier Terrestrial Model Ecosystem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Van der Linden AMA, Boesten JJTI, Brock TCM, van Eekelen GMA, de Jong FMW, Leistra M, Montforts MHMM, Pol JW, van der Linden AMA (eds) (2006): Persistence of plant protection products in soil; a proposal for risk assessment. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, RIVM rapport 601506008. 105 pp. ISBN:-10: 9069601400-13: 9789069601403Google Scholar
  2. EFS (2007): Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Plant protection products and their residues on a request from the Commission related to the revision of Annexes II and III to Council Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market — Ecotoxicological studies. The EFSA J 461, 1–44Google Scholar
  3. European Commission (2002): Draft Working Document. Guidance Document on Terrestrial Ecotoxicology Under Council Directive 91/414/EEC. SANCO/10329/2002 rev 2 final. Brussels, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  4. Morgan E, Knacker T (1994): The role of laboratory terrestrial model ecosystems in the testing of potentially harmful substances. Ecotoxicology 3, 213–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Weyers A, Sokull-Klüttgen B, Knacker T, Martin S, Van Gestel CAM (2004): Use of terrestrial model ecosystem data on environmental risk assessment for industrial chemicals, biocides and plant protection products in the EU. Ecotoxicology 13, 163–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Schäffer
    • 1
  • Paul van den Brink
    • 2
  • Fred Heimbach
    • 3
  • Simon Hoy
    • 4
  • Frank de Jong
    • 5
  • Jörg Römbke
    • 6
  • José Paulo Sousa
    • 7
  • Martina Roß-Nickoll
    • 1
  1. 1.RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Alterra and Wageningen universityWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Bayer Crop Science AGMonheim am RheinGermany
  4. 4.PSD, Mallard House, Kings PoolYorkUK
  5. 5.RIVMBilthovenThe Netherlands
  6. 6.ECTFlörsheimGermany
  7. 7.IMAR-CIC, Department of ZoologyUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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