A partial test of the impact of a casino on neighborhood crime
- 116 Downloads
Ninety-six months of crime incident data were examined to determine the extent to which crime counts changed within the Philadelphia neighborhood of Fishtown after the opening of a new casino. Count modeling regression results indicate that the operation of the casino had no significant effect on violent street felonies, vehicle crime, drug crime or residential burglary in the surrounding community. Weighted displacement quotient analyses suggest that the operation of the casino may be associated with an increase in vehicle crime in the area surrounding the casino neighborhood, indicative of crime displacement. Drug and residential burglary offenses in the area surrounding the casino neighborhood decreased after the casino opened, suggestive of a diffusion of benefits possibly tied to a change in local police patrols. Net of unexamined police patrol changes and casino opening simultaneity effects, the current study is unable to identify a neighborhood level effect of the casino on crime. Additional research is necessary to examine localized effects of casinos on various offenses.
Keywordscasino Philadelphia time series count modeling neighborhood
- Albanese, J.S. (1985) The effect of casino gambling on crime. Federal Probation 49(2): 39–44.Google Scholar
- Associated Press (2010) Philadelphia becomes largest U.S. City with a casino, USA Today, http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2010-09-27-phillycasino27_ST_N.htm, accessed 11 August 2012.
- Bowers, K., Johnson, S., Guerette, R.T., Sommers, L. and Poynton, S. (2011) Spatial displacement and diffusion of benefits among geographically focused policing initiatives. Campbell Systematic Reviews 3: 147. The Campbell Collaboration.Google Scholar
- Box, G.P. and Jenkins, G.M. (1976) Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. San Francisco, CA: Holden-Day.Google Scholar
- Casino-Free Philadelphia (2012) Casino facts, http://www.casinofreephilly.org/casino-facts, accessed 15 August 2012.
- CBS News Miami (2012) Anti-casino group study: Mega casinos will cause crime spike, http://miami.cbslocal.com/2012/02/01/anti-casino-group-study-mega-casinos-will-cause-crime-spike/, accessed 17 August 2012.
- Chatfield, C. (1989) The Analysis of Time Series: An Introduction. London: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
- Clarke, R.V. and Weisburd, D. (1994) Diffusion of crime control benefits: Observations on the reverse of displacement. In: R.V. Clarke (ed.) Crime Prevention Studies. Vol. 2 Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 165–183.Google Scholar
- Curran, J.J. (1995) The house never loses and Maryland cannot win: Why casino gaming is a bad idea: Joint executive-legislative task force.Google Scholar
- Eck, J. (1995) A general model of the geography of illicit retail marketplaces. In: D.E. Wiesburd and J.E. Eck (eds.) Crime and Place. Vol. 4. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 67–93.Google Scholar
- Gottfredson, M. and Hirschi, T. (1990) A General Theory of Crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Grant, J.E., Kushner, M.G. and Kim, S.W. (2002) Pathological gambling and alcohol use disorder. Alcohol Research & Health 26(2): 143–150.Google Scholar
- MacCleary, R. and Hay, R.A.J. (1980) Applied Time Series Analysis for the Social Science. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999) Final report Washington DC: National Gambling Impact Study Commission.Google Scholar
- Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board (2011a) Pennsylvania gaming control board 2009–2010 annual report. Harrisburg, PA.Google Scholar
- Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board (2011b) (Producer) Who we are and what we do video. [video], http://gamingcontrolboard.pa.gov/?popup=video, accessed 11 August 2012.
- Pennsylvania Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority (2007) Staff report of the city of Philadelphia’s five-year financial plan for fiscal year 2008 − fiscal year 2012 Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority.Google Scholar
- Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (2012) Protecting your business with RAMP, http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=612015&mode=2, accessed 11 August 2012.
- Shadish, W.R., Cook, T.D. and Campbell, D.T. (2002) Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference. Boston, MA: Houghton-Mifflin Company.Google Scholar
- SugarHouse Casino (2011) Catch a free ride on the sugar express, http://www.sugarhousecasino.com/sugar-express/index.php, accessed 11 August 2012.
- Weisburd, D. and Green, L. (1995a) Measuring immediate spatial displacement: Methodological problems. In: J. Eck and D. Weisburd (eds.) Crime Prevention Studies. Vol. 4. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press, pp. 349–361.Google Scholar