Security Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 361–373 | Cite as

P.I. Jane: Predictors of women's representation in private investigations

  • Corina Schulze
Original Article


Women's equitable inclusion in police work is a pre-requisite to a functioning democracy and while scholars have identified a number of variables associated with women's employment in policing, private policing has received comparatively little attention. Herein, correlates of women's representation in private investigations agencies are identified and empirically assessed. Women's service in private investigations is predicated based on two factors: external (including regional demographics and women's presence in local law enforcement agencies) and internal (that is, women as agency owners). Preliminary analyses suggest that internal factors had a stronger association with women's representation. Specifically, the gender of the agency's owner and the owner's previous law enforcement experience are predictors of the proportion of women working as private investigators.


female private investigators gender and policing women's representation 



An earlier version of this article was presented at the Academy of Criminal Justice Science's annual meeting in 2012. Thanks to Jared Hurvitz for his comments and support on the many drafts of this article and to Laura Beth Holloway for assistance in the data collection. I would also like to thank Professor Bonnie Fisher and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corina Schulze
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political Science and Criminal JusticeUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

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