Skip to main content

Micro-cyberwar vs. macro-cyberwar: towards the beginning of a taxonomy

Abstract

This essay proposes and begins a taxonomy of cyberwar, with a fundamental dichotomy between micro-cyberwar, as in attacks on individual email and automobiles, and macro-cyberwar, defined as all-out attacks on the infra-structure of society, such as hospital systems and air-traffic control. Although both can be deadly, the scale of death and destruction is usually much greater in macro-cyberwar, and it would be useful for public figures to address this dichotomy when discussing cyberwar.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Paul Levinson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Levinson, P. Micro-cyberwar vs. macro-cyberwar: towards the beginning of a taxonomy. Digi War 1, 171–172 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s42984-020-00020-z

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/s42984-020-00020-z

Keywords

  • Hacking
  • Email
  • Automobiles
  • Espionage
  • Cybercrime
  • Warfare