Abrams, R. 2014. Fiat completes acquisition of Chrysler. New York Times, January 21. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/01/21/fiat-completes-acquisition-of-chrysler/. Accessed April 18 2017.
Aguilera, R. V., Capapé, J., & Santiso, J. 2016. Sovereign wealth funds: A strategic governance view. Academy of Management Perspectives, 30(1): 5–23.
Aharoni, Y. 1982. State-owned enterprise: An agent without a principal. In L. Jones (Ed.), Public enterprise in less-developed countries. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Aharoni, Y. 1986. The evolution and management of state-owned enterprises. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing.
Aharoni, Y. 2018. The evolution of state-owned multinational enterprise theory. In A. Cuervo-Cazurra (Ed.), State-owned multinationals: Governments in global business. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
Aharoni, Y., & Lachman, R. 1982. Can the manager’s mind be nationalized? Organization Studies, 3(1): 33–46.
Amsden, A. H. 2001. The rise of “the rest”: Challenges to the west from late-industrializing economies. New York: Oxford University Press.
Anastassopoulos, J. P., Blanc, G., & Dussauge, P. 1987. State-owned multinationals. New York: Wiley.
Anderson, R. C., & Reeb, D. M. 2003. Founding-family ownership, corporate diversification, and firm leverage. Journal of Law and Economics, 46(2): 653–680.
AP. 1991. Japan’s car export limit. New York Times, January 12. https://www.nytimes.com/1991/01/12/business/japan-s-car-export-limit.html. Accessed September 13 2017.
Austen, I. 2012. Canada clears $15 billion Chinese takeover of an energy company. New York Times, December 7. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/12/07/canada-clears-15-billion-chinese-takeover-of-an-energy-company/. Accessed April 18 2017.
Awate, S., Larsen, M., & Mudambi, R. 2012. EMNE catch-up strategies in the wind turbine industry: Is there a trade-off between output and innovation capabilities? Global Strategy Journal, 2(3): 205–223.
Barboza, D., & Sorkin, A. R. 2005. Chinese company drops bid to buy U.S. oil concern. New York Times, August 3. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/03/business/worldbusiness/chinese-company-drops-bid-to-buy-us-oil-concern.html. Accessed April 18 2017.
Barney, J. B. 1991. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1): 99–120.
Bass, E., & Chakrabarty, S. 2014. Resource security: Competition for global resources, strategic intent, and governments as owners. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 961–979.
BCG. 2006. The new global challengers: How 100 top companies from rapidly developing economies are changing the world. Boston, MA: Boston Consulting Group.
BCG. 2016. Global leaders, challengers, and champions: the engines of emerging markets. Boston Consulting Group. https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/globalization-growth-global-challengers-2016-leaders-challengers-champions/. Accessed September 13 2017.
Beisecker, R. 2006. DP World and U.S. port security. NTI, March 1. http://www.nti.org/analysis/articles/dp-world-and-us-port-security/. Accessed September 13 2014.
Benito, G. R., Rygh, A., & Lunnan, R. 2016. The benefits of internationalization for state-owned enterprises. Global Strategy Journal, 6(4): 269–288.
Berger, D., Easterly, W., Nunn, N., & Satyanath, S. 2013. Commercial imperialism? Political influence and trade during the Cold War. American Economic Review, 103(2): 863–896.
Blomstrom, M., & Kokko, A. 2003. The economics of foreign direct investment incentives. NBER Working Paper No. 9489. http://www.nber.org/papers/w9489
Blomström, M., & Kokko, A. 1998. Multinational corporations and spillovers. Journal of Economic Surveys, 12(3): 247–277.
Bloom, M., & Grant, M. 2008. “Hollowing Out''—Myth and Reality: Corporate Takeovers in an Age of Transformation. Ottawa, ON: The Conference Board of Canada.
Boubakri, N., & Cosset, J. 1998. The financial and operating performance of newly privatized firms: Evidence from developing countries. Journal of Finance, 53(3): 1081–1110.
Boubakri, N., Cosset, J. C., & Guedhami, O. 2004. Privatization, corporate governance and economic environment: Firm-level evidence from Asia. Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, 12(1): 65–90.
Boycko, M., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W. 1995. Privatizing Russia. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Bremmer, I. 2010. The end of the free market: Who wins the war between states and corporations?. London: Penguin Books.
Bromfield, T., & Barnard, H. 2010. The evolution of the intellectual property management strategy of an emerging multinational. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 57(1): 118–137.
Bruton, H. J. 1998. A reconsideration of import substitution. Journal of Economic Literature, 36(2): 903–936.
Bruton, G. D., Peng, M. W., Ahlstrom, D., Stan, C., & Xu, K. 2015. State-owned enterprises around the world as hybrid organizations. Academy of Management Perspectives, 29(1): 92–114.
Byrne, M. R. 2006. Protecting national security and promoting foreign investment: Maintaining the Exon-Florio balance. Ohio State Law Journal, 67(4): 849–910.
Chari, A., Chen, W., & Dominguez, K. 2012. Foreign ownership and firm performance: Emerging-market acquisitions in the United States. IMF Economic Review, 60: 1–42.
Chittoor, R., Sarkar, M., Ray, S., & Aulakh, P. S. 2009. Third-world copycats to emerging multinationals: Institutional changes and organizational transformation in the Indian pharmaceutical industry. Organization Science, 20(1): 187–205.
Choudhury, P., & Khanna, T. 2014. Toward resource independence: Why state-owned entities become multinationals: An empirical study of India’s public R&D laboratories. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 943–960.
Coffee, J. C., Jr. 2002. Racing towards the top?: The impact of cross-listings and stock market competition on international corporate. Columbia Law Review, 102: 1757–1831.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2006. Who cares about corruption? Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6): 803–822.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A. (Ed.). 2018. State-owned multinationals: Governments in global business. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Ciravegna, L., Melgarejo, M., & Lopez, L. 2018a. Home country uncertainty and the internationalization-performance relationship: Building an uncertainty management capability. Journal of World Business, 53(2): 209–221.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Genc, M. 2008. Transforming disadvantages into advantages: Developing-country MNEs in the least developed countries. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(6): 957–979.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Inkpen, A., Musacchio, A., & Ramaswamy, K. 2014. Governments as owners: State-owned multinational companies. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 919–942.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Luo, Y., Ramamurti, R., & Ang, S. H. 2018b. The impact of the home country on internationalization. Journal of World Business, 53(5): 593–604.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Narula, R., & Un, C. A. 2015. Internationalization motives: Sell more, buy better, upgrade and escape. Multinational Business Review, 23(1): 25–35.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., Newburry, W., & Park, S. H. 2016. Emerging market multinationals: Managing operational challenges for sustained international growth. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Ramamurti, R. (Eds.). 2014. Understanding multinationals from emerging markets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Ramamurti, R. 2017. Home country underdevelopment and internationalization: Innovation-based and escape-based internationalization. Competitiveness Review, 27(3): 217–230.
Cui, L., & Jiang, F. 2012. State ownership effect on firms’ FDI ownership decisions under institutional pressure: A study of Chinese outward-investing firms. Journal of International Business Studies, 43(3): 264–284.
Davies, P. 2013. Alibaba abandons $60bn Hong Kong listing. Financial Times, September 25. https://www.ft.com/content/525f4bc2-25ae-11e3-aee8-00144feab7de. Accessed September 13 2017.
de la Merced, M. J., & Barboza, D. 2013. Needing pork, China is to buy a U.S. supplier. New York Times, May 29. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/29/smithfield-to-be-sold-to-shuanghui-group-of-china/. Accessed April 18 2017.
de la Merced, M. J., & Picker, L. 2016. Starwood bidding war ends abruptly, yielding a merger and a puzzle. New York Times, March 31. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/01/business/dealbook/starwood-hotels-chinese-suitor-backs-out-of-bidding.html. Accessed September 13 2017.
Desai, M. A., Dyck, A., & Zingales, L. 2007. Theft and taxes. Journal of Financial Economics, 84(3): 591–623.
Desai, M. A., Foley, C. F., & Hines, J. R., Jr. 2005. Foreign direct investment and the domestic capital stock. American Economic Review, 95(1): 33–38.
Duanmu, J. L. 2014. State-owned MNCs and host country expropriation risk: The role of home state soft power and economic gunboat diplomacy. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 1044–1060.
Dunning, J. 1977. Trade, location of economic activity and the MNE: A search for an eclectic approach. In B. Ohlin, P. O. Hesselborn, & P. M. Wijkman (Eds.), The international allocation of economic activity (pp. 395–418). London: Macmillan.
Dutton, J. 1982. The optimal taxation of international investment income: A comment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 97(2): 373–380.
Easterly, W., & Levine, R. 2003. Tropics, germs, and crops: How endowments influence economic development. Journal of Monetary Economics, 50(1): 3–39.
Economist. 2008. Ins and outs. The Economist, September 18. http://www.economist.com/node/12080703
Economist. 2012. Emerging-market multinationals: The rise of state capitalism. The Economist, January 21. www.economist.com/node/21543160‎. Accessed October 17 2013.
Elia, E., & Santangelo, G. D. 2017. The evolution of strategic asset-seeking acquisitions by emerging market multinationals. International Business Review, 26(5): 855–866.
Elliott, K. A., & Bayard, T. O. 1994. Reciprocity and retaliation in US trade policy. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute Press.
Energy Business Review. 2016. World’s largest oil and gas companies. http://explorationanddevelopment.energy-business-review.com/news/worlds-largest-oil-and-gas-companies-5870469. Accessed September 17 2017.
Energy Intelligence. 2016. Petroleum Intelligence Weekly Top 50. http://www2.energyintel.com/l/19202/2016-12-01/bfx33f. Accessed May 17, 2017.
Engerman, S., & Sokoloff, K. 1997. Factor endowments, institutions, and differential paths of growth among new world economies. In S. Haber (Ed.), How Latin America fell behind (pp. 260–304). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Findlay, R., & O’Rourke, K. H. 2007. Power and plenty: Trade, war, and the world economy in the second millennium. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Fisman, R. 2001. Estimating the value of political connections. American Economic Review, 91(4): 1095–1102.
Fisman, R., & Miguel, E. 2007. Corruption, norms and legal enforcement: Evidence from diplomatic parking tickets. Journal of Political Economy, 115(6): 1020–1048.
FitzGerald, V. 2001. Regulatory investment incentives. Paris: OECD. http://www.oecd.org/daf/inv/investmentstatisticsandanalysis/2510459.pdf
Forbes. 2017. The world’s biggest public companies. Forbes, https://www.forbes.com/global2000/list/2/#industry:Oil%20%26%20Gas%20Operations. Accessed September 13 2017.
Foster, V. 2008. Africa infrastructure country diagnostic. Overhauling the engine of growth: infrastructure in Africa. World Bank background paper. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTPRAL/Resources/africa_country_diagnostic.pdf. Accessed April 18 2018.
Friedman, T. L., & Mandelbaum, D. 2011. That used to be us: How America fell behind in the world it invented and how we can come back. New York: Picador.
Fuchs, A., & Klann, N. 2013. Paying a visit: The Dalai Lama effect on international trade. Journal of International Economics, 91(1): 164–177.
Gallup. 2013. U.S.-Global Leadership Project: a partnership between the Meridian International Center and Gallup. Gallup: Washington, DC.
Gerard, L. 2007. State capitalism: The rise of sovereign wealth funds. Journal of Management Research, 7: 119–146.
Ghauri, P. N., & Yamin, M. 2009. Revisiting the impact of multinational enterprises on economic development. Journal of World Business, 44(2): 105–107.
Ghemawat, P., & Khanna, T. 1998. The nature of diversified business groups: A research design and two case studies. Journal of Industrial Economics, 46(1): 35–61.
Görg, H., & Strobl, E. 2001. Multinational companies and productivity spillovers: A meta-analysis. Economic Journal, 111(475): 723–739.
Guillen, M., & Garcia-Canal, E. 2012. Emerging markets rule: Growth strategies of the new global giants. New York: McGraw Hill.
Gupta, N. . 2005. Partial privatization and firm performance. Journal of Finance, 60(2): 987–1015.
Hefetz, A., & Warner, M. 2004. Privatization and its reverse: Explaining the dynamics of the government contracting process. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 14(2): 171–190.
Henisz, W. J. 2000. The institutional environment for multinational investment. Journal of Law Economics and Organization, 6(2): 334–364.
Henisz, W. J. 2014. Corporate diplomacy: Building reputations and relationships with external stakeholders. New York: Taylor and Francis.
Hufbauer, G. C., Schott, J. J., & Elliott, K. A. 1990. Economic sanctions reconsidered: History and current policy. Washington: Institute for International Economics.
IMF. 2013. World economic outlook, database-WEO groups and aggregates information. Washington, D.C.: IMF. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2014/01/weodata/groups.htm. Accessed September 13 2017
Janssen, P. 2017. Land-locked Laos on track for controversial China rail link. Nikkei Asia Review, June 24. https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/International-Relations/Land-locked-Laos-on-track-for-controversial-China-rail-link. Accessed September 13 2017.
Jaslowitzer, P., Megginson, W. L., & Rapp, M. S. 2018. State Ownership and Corporate Investment. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2735698. Accessed September 13 2018.
Karolyi, G. A., & Liao, R. C. 2017. State capitalism’s global reach: Evidence from foreign acquisitions by state-owned companies. Journal of Corporate Finance, 42: 367–391.
Kaufmann, D. 2007. Corruption: The Facts. Foreign Policy, 107(Summer): 114–131.
Kaul, I., Grunberg, I., & Stern, M. (Eds.). 1999. Global public goods: International cooperation in the 21st century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Khanna, T., & Palepu, K. 2010. Winning in emerging markets: A road map for strategy and execution. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Kikeri, S., Nellis, J., & Shirley, M. 1992. Privatization: the lessons of experience. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Kirkpatrick, C., Parker, D., & Zhang, Y.-F. 2006. Foreign direct investment in infrastructure in developing countries: Does regulation make a difference? Transnational Corporations, 15(1): 144–171.
Knoerich, J. 2017. How does outward foreign direct investment contribute to economic development in less advanced home countries? Oxford Development Studies, 45(4): 443–459.
Kornai, J., Maskin, E., & Roland, G. 2003. Understanding the soft budget constraint. Journal of Economic Literature, 41(4): 1095–1136.
Kowalski, P., Büge, M., Sztajerowska, M., & Egeland, M. 2013. State-owned enterprises: Trade effects and policy implications. OECD Trade Policy Papers, No. 147. OECD Publishing: Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k4869ckqk7l-en. Accessed May 17 2018.
Krugman, P. 1991. The move toward free trade zones. Economic Review, 76: 5–25.
Laffont, J. J., & Tirole, J. 1993. A theory of incentives in regulation and procurement. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lawson, C. 1994. The theory of state-owned enterprises in market economies. Journal of Economic Surveys, 8(3): 284–309.
Lazzarini, S. G., Musacchio, A., Bandeira-de-Mello, R., & Marcon, R. 2015. What do state-owned development banks do? Evidence from BNDES, 2002–2009. World Development, 66: 237–253.
Levy, B. 1987. A theory of public enterprise behavior. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 8(1): 75–96.
Li, M. H., Cui, L., & Lu, J. 2014. Varieties in state capitalism: Outward FDI strategies of central and local state-owned enterprises from emerging economy countries. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(4): 980–1004.
Lim, E.-G. 2001. Determinants of, and the relation between, foreign direct investment and growth: A summary of the recent literature. IMF Working Paper WP/01/175. Washington, DC: IMF.
Lindsay, C. M. 1976. A theory of public enterprise. Journal of Political Economy, 84(1): 1061–1077.
Lohr, S. 2005. Unocal bid opens up new issues of security. New York Times, July 13. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/13/business/worldbusiness/unocal-bid-opens-up-new-issues-of-security.html?mtrref=www.google.com&auth=login-email. Accessed April 18 2017.
Lopez-de-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W. 1997. Privatization in the United States. Rand Journal of Economics, 28(3): 447–471.
Luo, Y. D., Sun, J., & Wang, S. L. 2011. Emerging economy copycats: capability, environment and strategy. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25(2): 37–56.
Luo, Y., & Tung, R. L. 2007. International expansion of emerging market enterprises: A springboard perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 38(4): 481–498.
Luo, Y., Xue, Q., & Han, B. 2010. How emerging market governments promote outward FDI: Experience from China. Journal of World Business, 45(1): 68–79.
Madhok, A., & Keyhani, M. 2012. Acquisitions as entrepreneurship: asymmetries, opportunities, and the internationalization of multinationals from emerging economies. Global Strategy Journal, 2(1): 26–40.
Marshall, M. G., & Elzinga-Marshall, G. C. 2017. Global report 2017: Conflict, governance, and state fragility. Vienna, VA: Center for Systemic Peace.
Marshall, M., Gurr, T. R., & Jaggers, K. 2017. POLITY™ IV PROJECT. Political regime characteristics and transitions, 1800–2016. Vienna, VA: Center for Systemic Peace.
Mazzolini, R. 1979. European government-controlled enterprises: Explaining international strategic and policy decisions. Journal of International Business Studies, 10(3): 16–27.
McAnelly, J., & Sweeney, D. H. 2007. Eni acquires Dominion offshore Gulf of Mexico assets. Oil & Gas Financial Journal, August 1. http://www.ogfj.com/articles/print/volume-4/issue-8/capital-perspectives/eni-acquires-dominion-offshore-gulf-of-mexico-assets.html. Accessed April 18 2017.
McMullen, S. M., Mauch, J. E., & Donnorummo, B. 2000. The emerging markets and higher education: Development and sustainability. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.
Megginson, W., & Fotak, V. 2015. Rise of the fiduciary state: A survey of sovereign wealth fund research. Journal of Economic Surveys, 29(4): 733–778.
Megginson, W. L., Nash, R., & van Randenborgh, M. 1994. The financial and operating performance of newly privatized firms: An international empirical analysis. Journal of Finance, 49(2): 403–452.
Megginson, W. L., & Netter, J. M. 2001. From state to market: A survey of empirical studies on privatization. Journal of Economic Literature, 39(2): 321–389.
Meyer, K., Ding, Y., Li, J., & Zhang, H. 2014. Overcoming distrust: How state-owned enterprises adapt their foreign entries to institutional pressures abroad. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 1005–1028.
Murtha, T., & Lenway, S. 1994. Country capabilities and the strategic state: How national political institutions affect multinational corporations’ strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 15(2): 113–129.
Musacchio, A., & Lazzarini, S. G. 2014. Reinventing state capitalism: Leviathan in business, Brazil and beyond. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nash, R. 2017. Contracting issues at the intersection of the public and private sectors: New data and new insights. Journal of Corporate Finance, 42: 357–366.
North, D. C. 1990. Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nye, J. S., Jr. 1990. Bound to lead: the changing nature of American power. New York: Basic Books.
Nye, J. S., Jr. 2004. Soft power: The means to succeed in world politics. New York: PublicAffairs.
O’Neill, J., Wilson, D., Purushothaman, R., & Stupnytska, A. 2005. How solid are the BRICs? Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper No: 134. http://www2.goldmansachs.com/ideas/brics/how-solid-doc.pdf. Accessed November 3.
OECD. 2001. Checklist for foreign direct investment incentive policies. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.oecd.org/officialdocuments/publicdisplaydocumentpdf/?doclanguage=en&cote=daffe/clp(2001)24. Accessed May 17 2017.
OECD. 2003. Competition policy in subsidies and state aid. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://www.oecd.org/investment/investment-policy/2506900.pdf. Accessed May 17 2017.
OECD. 2010. Accountability and transparency: a guide for state ownership. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264056640-en. Accessed May 17 2017.
OECD. 2014. Database on national practices and regulations with respect to state enterprises. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://qdd.oecd.org/subject.aspx?Subject=8F22EF7D-B780-4570-A4B1-7E0CB3AD7E04. Accessed May 17 2017.
OECD. 2015. SOE guidelines on corporate governance of state-owned enterprises. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.oecdilibrary.org/docserver/download/2615061e.pdf?expires=1464278519&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=7DC2E24520AED00EA026F6648638A13B. Accessed May 17 2017.
OECD. 2016. State-owned enterprises as global competitors: A challenge or an opportunity?. Paris: OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264262096-en.
Oman, C. 2000. Policy competition for foreign direct investment: A study of competition among governments to attract FDI. Paris: OECD Development Centre. http://www.oecd.org/mena/competitiveness/35275189.pdf. Accessed May 17 2017.
Pan, Y., Teng, L., Supapol, A. B., Lu, X., Huang, D., & Wang, Z. 2014. Firms’ FDI ownership: The influence of government ownership and legislative connections. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(8): 1029–1043.
Pape, R. A. 1997. Why economic sanctions do not work. International Security, 22(2): 90–136.
Parker, L. 2007. Eni to pay $4.8 billion for Dominion’s assets in Gulf of Mexico. Wall Street Journal, May 1. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB117791897931286729. Accessed April 18 2017.
PBS Newshour, 2014. Who’s behind the Chinese takeover of world’s biggest pork producer? PBS Newshour, Sept 12. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/whos-behind-chinese-takeover-worlds-biggest-pork-producer. Accessed April 18 2017.
Peng, M. W., Wang, D. Y. L., & Jiang, Y. 2008. An institution-based view of international business strategy: A focus on emerging economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(5): 920–936.
Penrose, E. T. 1959. The theory of the growth of the firm. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Prahalad, C. K. 2005. The fortune at the bottom of the pyramid: Eradicating poverty through profits. Philadelphia, PA: Wharton Business School Press.
Prebisch, R. 1950. The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems. New York: United Nations.
PWC. 2015. State-owned enterprises: Catalysts for public value creation? PWC. https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/psrc/publications/assets/pwc-state-owned-enterprise-psrc.pdf. Accessed May 17 2017.
Ramamurti, R. 2000. A multilevel model of privatization in emerging economies. Academy of Management Review, 25(3): 525–550.
Ramamurti, R. 2001. The obsolescing ‘bargaining model’? MNC-host developing country relations revisited. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(1): 23–39.
Ramamurti, R., & Singh, J. V. (Eds.). 2009. Emerging multinationals in emerging markets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ramasamy, B., Yeung, M., & Laforet, S. 2012. China’s outward foreign direct investment: Location choice and firm ownership. Journal of World Business, 47(1): 17–25.
Reuters. 2013. U.S. Clears Smithfield’s acquisition by China’s Shuanghui. Reuters, September 6. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-smithfield/u-s-clears-smithfields-acquisition-by-chinas-shuanghui-idUSBRE98513I20130907. Accessed April 18 2017.
Rossi, S., & Volpin, P. 2004. Cross-country determinants of mergers and acquisitions. Journal of Financial Economics, 74(2): 277–304.
Roth, K., & O’Donnell, S. 1996. Foreign subsidiary compensation strategy: An agency theory perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 39(3): 678–703.
Rugman, A. M. 2009. Theoretical aspects of MNEs from emerging economies. In R. Ramamurti & J. V. Singh (Eds.), Emerging multinationals from emerging markets. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Russett, B. 1994. Grasping the democratic peace: principles for a post-Cold War world. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rutenberg, J., & Vlasic, B. 2009. Chrysler files to seek bankruptcy protection. New York Times, April 30. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/01/business/01auto.html. Accessed April 18 2017.
SAIC. 2017. SAIC Motor Corporation Limited annual report 2016. http://www.saicmotor.com/english/images/investor_relations/annual_report/2017/7/5/AC326D76FD294F1A8A3C5CCA1155403D.pdf. Accessed September 13 2017.
Sauvant, K. P., Sachs, L., & Schmit Jongbloed, W. P. F. (Eds.). 2012. Sovereign investment: Concerns and policy reactions. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sauvant, K. P., & Strauss, J. 2012. State-controlled entities control nearly US$ 2 trillion in foreign assets. Perspectives on topical foreign direct investment issues by the Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment, No. 64, April 2, 2012. http://www.vcc.columbia.edu/content/state-controlled-entities-control-nearly-us-2-trillion-foreign-assets. Accessed April 18 2014.
Schubert, S., & Millerdec, T. C. 2008. At Siemens, bribery was just a line item. New York Times, December 20. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/21/business/worldbusiness/21siemens.html. Accessed September 13 2016.
SEPI. 2016. Economic and social key facts. Madrid: SEPI. http://www.sepi.es/img/resources/publicaciones/Ing/Economicandsocialkeyfacts.pdf. Accessed September 13 2016.
Sevastopoulo, D. 2014. Huawei pulls back the curtain on ownership details. Financial Times, February 27. https://www.ft.com/content/469bde20-9eaf-11e3-8663-00144feab7de. Accessed April 18 2017.
Sharman, J. C. 2010. Shopping for anonymous shell companies: An audit study of anonymity and crime in the international financial system. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24(4): 127–140.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. 1994. Politicians and firms. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109(4): 995–1025.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. 1997. A survey of corporate governance. Journal of Finance, 52(2): 737–777.
Spencer, J. W. 2008. The impact of multinational enterprise strategy on indigenous enterprises: Horizontal spillovers and crowding out in developing countries. Academy of Management Review, 33(2): 341–361.
Stevens, G. V. G., & Lipsey, R. E. 1992. Interactions between domestic and foreign investment. Journal of International Money and Finance, 11(1): 40–62.
Stopford, J., & Strange, S. 1992. Rival states, rival firms: Competition for world market shares. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sultan Balbuena, S. 2016. Concerns related to the internationalisation of state-owned enterprises: Perspectives from regulators, government owners and the broader business community. OECD Corporate Governance Working Papers, No. 19. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jm0xvx0b223-en. Accessed May 17 2017.
Tavares-Lehmann, A. T. 2016. Types of investment incentives. In Tavares-Lehmann, A. T., Toledano, P., Johnson, L., & Sach, L. (eds.). Rethinking investment incentives: trends and policy options. New York: Columbia University Press. Accessed May 17, 2017.
Tavares-Lehmann, A. T., Toledano, P., Johnson, L., & Sachs, L. 2016. Rethinking investment incentives: Trends and policy options. New York: Columbia University Press.
UNCTAD. 2000. Tax incentives and foreign direct investment: A global survey. Geneva: UNCTAD. http://unctad.org/en/Docs/iteipcmisc3_en.pdf. Accessed April 18 2017.
UNCTAD. 2008. Evaluating investment promotion agencies. Geneva: UNCTAD. http://unctad.org/en/Docs/diaepcb20082_en.pdf. Accessed May 17 2017.
UNCTAD. 2016. Investment laws: A widespread tool for the promotion and regulation of foreign investment. Geneva: UNCTAD. http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/webdiaepcb2016d5_en.pdf. Accessed April 18 2017.
UNCTAD. 2017a. Foreign direct investment (FDI). http://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/Foreign-Direct-Investment-(FDI).aspx.
UNCTAD. 2017b. Investment facilitation: A review of policy practices. Geneva: UNCTAD.
US Joint Committee on Taxation. 1991. Factors affecting the international competitiveness of the United States. Washington DC: Government Printing Office, https://ia600408.us.archive.org/10/items/factorsaffecting691unit/factorsaffecting691unit.pdf. Accessed May 17 2017.
Vernon, R. 1979. The international aspects of state-owned enterprises. Journal of International Business Studies, 10(3): 7–14.
Vieira, P., & Dummett, B. 2015. Canada sells remaining stake in General Motors. Wall Street Journal, April 6. https://www.wsj.com/articles/canada-sells-remaining-shares-in-general-motors-1428363868. Accessed May 17 2017.
Volkswagen. 2017. Shareholder Structure. https://www.volkswagenag.com/en/InvestorRelations/shares/shareholder-structure.html. Accessed April 18 2017.
Wang, S., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. 2017. Overcoming human capital voids in underdeveloped countries. Global Strategy Journal, 7(1): 36–57.
Wang, S. L., Luo, Y., Lu, X., Sun, J., & Maksimov, V. 2014. Autonomy delegation to foreign subsidiaries: An enabling mechanism for emerging-market multinationals. Journal of International Business Studies, 45(2): 111–130.
Warner, M. E. 2008. Reversing privatization, rebalancing government reform: Markets, deliberation and planning. Policy and Society, 27(2): 163–174.
Wayne, L., & Barboza, D. 2005. Unocal deal: a lot more than money is at issue. New York Times, June 24. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/24/business/worldbusiness/unocal-deal-a-lot-more-than-money-is-at-issue.html. Accessed April 18 2017.
Wehrlé, F., & Pohl, J. 2016. Investment policies related to national security: A survey of country practices. OECD Working Papers on International Investment, No. 2016/02. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Wildau, G. 2018. US tariffs target China industrial policy, not trade deficit. Financial Times, March 23. https://www.ft.com/content/bd61c23a-2e62-11e8-9b4b-bc4b9f08f381. Accessed April 18 2018.
Williamson, P. J., Ramamurti, R., Fleury, A., & Fleury, M. T. L. 2013. The competitive advantage of emerging market multinationals. New York: Cambridge University Press.
World Bank. 1999. World development report 1998/99: Knowledge for development. New York: Oxford University Press.
World Bank. 2017. World Governance Indicators. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/#home. Accessed September 13 2017.
Zhao, M. 2006. Conducting R&D in countries with weak intellectual property rights protection. Management Science, 52(8): 1185–1199.