After World War II, in order to reduce the probability of nuclear and massive conventional war, the U.S. provided police training to allies in order to reify their aspirations for liberal self-determination while addressing political stability. As a tool of global counterinsurgency, police training helped accomplish those goals in part but also caused unanticipated problems. Too often, police oppressed those whom they were supposed to protect. Shortly after, some of the philosophy and tactics of counterinsurgency-through-policing migrated into U.S. law enforcement institutions. But despite this migration, U.S. law enforcement efforts cannot be reduced to counterinsurgency surreptitiously foisted upon vulnerable U.S. citizens. Citizens and elected politicians exert substantial influence over law enforcement institutions
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Thanks to Clements Center Postdoctoral Fellow Dr. deRaismes Combes, whose exploration of the difference between the objectives of 19th-20th century French Counterinsurgency and 21st century U.S. counterinsurgency has helped me shape and clarify my ideas and evaluation of counterinsurgency in general, and of the U.S. experience in both Iraq and Afghanistan in particular.
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Edgar, P. Situating global counterinsurgency. Int Polit Rev 8, 32–40 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41312-020-00081-y