This paper claims that although Nepal–China relation, at present, is more government to government, Nepal–China ties are not free from the influence of the people-to-people (P2P) relations. The paper argues whether P2P relations have helped to strengthen the diplomatic, political and economic relations between Nepal and China, or not. In addition, the paper also discusses whether P2P relations have been enhanced by China-led Belt and Road Initiatives, as Nepal is also a member of BRI, and in addition, P2P is one of the pillars of BRI. Also, the write-up describes the significant roles that diaspora, connectivity, religion, myths and histories have played to shape the P2P relations between Nepal and China. The paper concludes by saying that P2P relation between Nepal and China is itself driven by the interest of the two states, unlike the P2P that Nepal has with India, which often influences the interests of the two states.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Goldstein, Joshua & Jon C. Pevehouse. (2008). International Relations. India: Dorling Kindersley, p. 93.
“Turning Nepalese,” China Daily, accessed at http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cityguide/2009-07/13/content_8419295.htm.
“Nepal Establishes Consulate General Office in Guangzhou”, The Kathmandu Post, September 11, 2017.
Foreword, Nepal and China: All Weather Friends, Gaurav Bhattarai, Nepal Tinali, 2105.
Chinese President Xi Jinping unveiled a two-stage plan to make China a great modern socialist country by mid-twenty-first century, at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
Rose, Leo E. (1971). Nepal: Strategy for Survival. London: University of California Press p. 213.
Bista, Dor Bahadur. (December 1980). Nepalese in Tibet. CNAS. Kathmandu: Tribhuvan University. Accessed on January 12, 2018. http://www.thlib.org/static/reprints/contributions/CNAS_08_01_01.pdf.
Consulate General of Nepal, Lhasa, China, Accessed on October 25, 2017 http://lxa.nepalconsulate.gov.np/bilateral-relations/.
Shrestha, Hiranya Lal. (2015). Sixty Years of Dynamic Partnership. Kathmandu: Nepal–China Society, p. 237.
World Economic Forum.
The Kathmandu Post. (June 7, 2017). "OBOR Signing Cements Ties with China: Mahara". Accessed on October 17, 2017: http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-06-07/obor-signing-cements-ties-with-china-mahara.html.
Former Deputy Prime Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara said after addressing the inaugural ceremony of the China Tibetan Cultural Forum in Kathmandu on June 7, 2017.
Pudasaini, Som P. (May 30, 2017). “Milestone in Nepal China Ties.” The Kathmandu Post. Accessed on January 15, 2018 http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-05-30/milestone-in-nepali-china-ties.html.
The Kathmandu Post. “Nepal most Viable Bridge between China and South Asia”. Interview with Hu Shisheng. October 12, 2015. Accessed on January 16, 2018 http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2015-10-12/nepal-most-viable-bridge-between-china-and-south-asia.html.
“OBOR: Strategic or Economic,” Gaurav Bhattarai, Republica, March 7, 2017 accessed at: http://www.myrepublica.com/news/15973/.
Shrestha, Hiranya Lal. (2015). Sixty Years of Dynamic Partnership. Kathmandu: Nepal–China Society, pp. 238–239.
Extracted from the speech delivered by He Yong on September 22, 2010.
Bhattarai, Gaurav. (May 16, 2017). “Train of Thought". Republica, May 16, 2017 Accessed on October 28, 2017 http://www.myrepublica.com/news/20170/.
The Kathmandu Post. (Dec 11, 2017). "Ministries fail to submit project proposals for BRI". Accessed on January 21, 2018 http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-12-11/ministries-fail-to-submit-project-proposals-for-bri.html.
Shrestha, Hiranya Lal. (2015). Sixty Years of Dynamic Partnership. Kathmandu: Nepal–China Society, p. 231.
Ibid, pp. 32–33.
ibid p. 232.
ibid, p. 237.
Karki, Binod & Sachin Yogal Shrestha. (2016). The Great Bouddhanath Stupa. Bouddha: Shree Bouddhanath Area Development Committee, p. 100.
Shrestha, Hiranya Lal. (2015). Sixty Years of Dynamic Partnership. Kathmandu: Nepal–China Society, p. 236.
Amatya, Sumitra. (Feb 16, 2017). "OBOR opportunities". Republica. Accessed on January 18, 2018. http://www.myrepublica.com/news/14394/.
Pant, Harsh V. (Dec 27, 2017). “China’s Moment in Nepal: Implications for India”. The Diplomat. Accessed on January 23, 2018. https://thediplomat.com/2017/12/chinas-moment-in-nepal-implications-for-india/.
Bhusal, Ramesh. (November 7, 2017). "One Belt, One Road Fuels Nepal’s Dreams". The Wire. Accessed on December 23, 2018 https://thewire.in/156554/nepal-china-obor-transport-infrastructure/.
Subedi, Mahendra. (Dec 12, 2017). "China's rail: A Nepali dream". China.org.cn. Accessed on January 23, 2018. http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/2017-12/12/content_50099130.htm.
China Daily. (August 8, 2017). "Construction of China-assisted airport project formally begins in Nepal". Accessed on October 27, 2017. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2017-08/03/content_30343280.htm.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Bhattarai, G., Ali Khan, R.N. People-to-people façade of Nepal–China ties: a constructivist reading. Int Polit 58, 223–234 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-020-00223-x