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International Politics

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 457–476 | Cite as

The precarious role of emerging powers in a transforming international order: the Brazilian and Turkish initiative for a nuclear deal with Iran

  • Ariel Gonzalez Levaggi
  • Suhnaz YilmazEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

This article analyzes the complex dynamics of international hierarchy and functional delegation among established and emerging powers, by focusing on one of the most pressing and highly debated issues of the global security agenda, nuclear non-proliferation. While the established powers delegate some responsibilities in mediation efforts to enhance the legitimacy of the liberal international order, this delegation of a mediator role has challenges and limitations, as well. Therefore, this article examines the Joint Declaration by Iran, Turkey and Brazil (Tehran Declaration) on nuclear fuel in May 2010 as an empirical case that reveals the challenging quest of emerging powers to elevate their position in the hierarchical pyramid of the international order. We argue that the Nuclear Deal reflects the limits of the functional delegation in the international order, since the emerging powers encounter difficulties in their mediation efforts, particularly when they want to display more foreign policy autonomy.

Keywords

Iran nuclear deal Brazil Turkey International order Hierarchy Functional delegation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank TUBITAK (BIDEB 2219) grant for the financial support. The authors would also like to acknowledge Luskin School of Public Affairs and Luskin Center for Innovation, UCLA, for facilitating this research project and JR Deshazo and Ziya Onis for their invaluable support and comments. We would like to thank Jean Bennett and Nina Ergin for their able assistance in editing.

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of International Relations, College of Administrative Sciences and EconomicsKoc UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Luskin School of Public AffairsUCLALos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Political Science and International RelationsPontifical Catholic University of ArgentinaBuenos AiresArgentina

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