‘Empty bravado or hopeful illusions’: rising democratic powers and reordering of the international system
India, Brazil and South Africa’s efforts within the framework of the IBSA Dialogue Forum formed in 2003 have done little to change or challenge the balance of power. Indeed, their collective objective of reordering the international system and reforming the United Nations Security Council to make it more responsive to contemporary geopolitical realities seems, in the words of John Snyder, to constitute ‘empty bravado or hopeful illusions.’ Focusing on the three countries, emerging powers increasingly dissatisfied with their position in the current global order; this paper probes the efficacy of their collective objective. The paper advances the argument that prospects for the three countries to reorder the international system are diminishing because they failed to convert their democratic credentials and economic growth into global influence. The final stroke on their epitaph, it will be argued, is the emerging recoiling of the USA from global governance and China’s seeming willingness to take on global leadership alone.
KeywordsEmerging powers International system Reform Power Geopolitics
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