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International Politics

, Volume 56, Issue 1, pp 87–102 | Cite as

Strategic culture reconceptualized: the case of India and the BJP

  • Muhammad Shoaib PervezEmail author
Original Article
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper I argue that strategic culture is shaped by the ideology of a political party and is carried through elites’ practices. A state’s decision to become a nuclear power is often explained by rational choice theories. These theories assume states as rational actors and explain their behavior by cost–benefit calculation, keeping in mind the material cost involved in such decisions. The problem with such approaches is that they usually underemphasize the impact of other influences like culture. One such variable is the role of a political party’s ideology that influences the identities of state elites and helps shape their strategic behavior. Therefore, strategic culture is appropriately explained by looking at intervening variable of elite socialization that stems from the persuasive power of socially constructed norms of political parties.

Keywords

Strategic culture Practices Ideology Elites’ socialization Norms Social constructivism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am indebted to anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on earlier submissions. I am also thankful to Prof. Dr. Robert Jervis, the doyen of International Relations for his mentorship during my stay at Columbia University (2014–2015), and to the USEFP for providing me the Fulbright Grant for this purpose. I am also grateful to my beloved wife Sadia for her unwavering trust on my capabilities, and finally, my debt is also due to my two sons Muneeb and Moiz for giving me time to pursue my intellectual pursuits.

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Management and TechnologyLahorePakistan

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