What should be the European Union’s role in international politics? How should the EU deal with the challenges posed by instability, terrorism, radicalisation and conflict to the South and the East? Can the EU’s commitment to democratisation, human rights and international law be upheld or does it require rethinking and reorientation? The European Council tasked the EU High Representative and Vice President of the European Commission, Federica Mogherini, to address these questions in a Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy (EUGS). This article unpacks the EU’s journey towards a comprehensive foreign and security strategy—the EUGS. It does so by comparing the elements and main messages of the 2003 the European Security Strategy, under the leadership of Javier Solana, EU High Representative at the time, with HRVP Mogherini’s EU Global Strategy 13 years later, of which the author was the lead pen-holder.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Conversation with the author, June 2015.
Conversation with the author.
For a list of organizations which contributed to the strategic reflection see the acknowledgements in the EUGS.
Amsden, Alice. 2001. The rse of the “rest”. Challenges to the west of late-industrializing economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Biscop, Sven. 2016. The EU Global Strategy: Realpolitik with European characteristics. 29 June, Security Policy Briefs, Egmont Institute, Brussels. http://www.egmontinstitute.be/publication_article/eu-global-strategy/.
Diez, Thomas. 2013. Normative power as hegemony. Cooperation and Conflict 48(2):194–210.
EUHR. 2003. A secure Europe in a better world. European Security Strategy. December. http://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/detail/article/a-secure-europe-in-a-better-world-european-security-strategy/.
EU HR/VP. 2015. The European Union in a changing global environment. A more connected, contested and complex world. June. https://eeas.europa.eu/docs/strategic_review/eu-strategic-review_strategic_review_en.pdf.
EU HR/VP. 2016. Shared vision, common action: A stronger Europe. A Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy. June. https://europa.eu/globalstrategy/sites/globalstrategy/files/eugs_review_web.pdf.
European Parliament. 2016. On the EU in a changing global environment—A more connected, contested and complex world. Motion for a resolution. April. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&reference=A8-2016-0069&language=EN.
Fukuyama, Francis. 1992. The end of history and the last man. New York: Free Press.
Herd, Graeme P. 2010. Great powers and strategic stability in the twenty-first century: Competing vsions of world order. London: Routledge.
Hyde-Price, Adrian. 2006. Normative power Europe: A realist critique. Journal of European Public Policy 13(2):217–234.
Kelley, Judith. 2006. New wine in old wineskins: Promoting political reforms through the new European Neighbourhood Policy. Journal of Common Market Studies 44(1):29–55.
Manners, Ian. 2006. Normative power Europe reconsidered: Beyond the crossroads. Journal of European Public Policy 13(2):182–199.
Missiroli, Antonio. 2016. Towards an EU Global Strategy: Consulting the experts. April, EUISS. http://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/detail/article/towards-an-eu-global-strategy-consulting-the-experts/.
Pew. 2016. Europeans face the world divided. June. file:///C:/Users/Tocci/Downloads/Pew-Research-Center-EPW-Report-FINAL-June-13-2016.pdf.
Spiegel Online. 2010. From lisbon to Vladivostok’: Putin envisions a Russia-EU free Trade zone. 25 November. http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/from-lisbon-to-vladivostok-putin-envisions-a-russia-eu-free-trade-zone-a-731109.html.
Telò, Mario (ed.). 2014. European Union and new regionalism. London: Routledge.
The Economist. 2015. Europe’s ring of fire. 20 September. http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21618846-european-unions-neighbourhood-more-troubled-ever-europes-ring-fire.
Zakaria, Fareed. 2008. The post-American world. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
About this article
Cite this article
Tocci, N. From the European Security Strategy to the EU Global Strategy: explaining the journey. Int Polit 54, 487–502 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-017-0045-9
- EU Global Strategy
- European Security Strategy
- EU foreign policy
- EU institutions
- Security and defence