Interest Groups & Advocacy

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 173–195 | Cite as

Interest groups as multi-venue players

  • Frédéric VaroneEmail author
  • Roy Gava
  • Charlotte Jourdain
  • Steven Eichenberger
  • André Mach
Original Article


Whereas some recent studies underline interest groups’ strategy to specialize in certain venues when lobbying, we investigate under which conditions groups develop a multi-venue strategy. This study examines and compares groups’ advocacy activities during three issues that were each debated in California and Switzerland. Empirical evidence shows that the policy issue at stake influences the diversity of groups that mobilize to influence an issue, while institutional factors and group types are key to explain the level of multi-venue advocacy. Multi-venue groups are proportionally more numerous in the Swiss neo-corporatist system than in the Californian pluralist system. And citizen groups are more frequently multi-venue players than business groups, regardless of the policy sector or the political system. These findings demonstrate the added value of a research design encompassing advocacy activities in all venues visited during a policy process and, furthermore, comparing these advocacy activities across political systems and policy domains.


Business groups Citizen groups Policy process Institutional venues California Switzerland 



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Swiss National Science Foundation (funding of project 100017_149689).

Supplementary material

41309_2018_36_MOESM1_ESM.docx (51 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 51 kb)


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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département de Science Politique et Relations InternationalesUniversité de GenèveGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut d’études Politiques, Historiques et InternationalesUniversité de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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