Considering the expanding role of interest groups in American presidential elections

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Figure 1

References

  1. Ansolabehere, S., de Figueiredo, J.M. and Snyder, J.M. (2003) Why is there so little money in politics? Journal of Economic Perspectives 17(1): 105–130.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Apollonio, D. and La Raja, R. (1999) Do PACs pick candidates? Who gets money from organized interests? Presented at the Midwest Political Science Association, April 15–17, 1999.

  3. Baumgartner, F.R. and Leech, B.L. (1998) Basic Interests: The Importance of Groups in Politics and in Political Science. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Boatright, R. (2007) Situating the new 527 groups in interest group theory. The Forum: A Journal of Applied Research in Contemporary Politics 5(2): Article 5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Boatright, R. (Ed.) (2015) The Deregulatory Moment? A Comparative Perspective on Changing Campaign Finance Laws. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Cohen, M., Karol, D., Noel, H. and Zaller, J. (2008) The Party Decides: Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Dowling, C.M. and Wichowsky, A. (2015) Attacks without consequence? Candidates, parties, groups, and the changing face of negative advertising. American Journal of Political Science 59(1): 19–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Fowler, E.F., Franz, M. and Ridout, T. (2016) Political Advertising in the United States. Boulder CO: Westview Press.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Franz, M. (2008) Choices and Changes: Interest Groups in the Electoral Process. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Franz, M. (2013) Interest groups in electoral politics: 2012 in context. The Forum: A Journal of Applied Research in Contemporary Politics 10(4): 62–79.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Franz, M., Ridout, T. and Fowler, E. (2015a) Interest group issue strategies: Advertising in the 2014 congressional elections. At the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco.

  12. Franz, M. M., Fowler, E. F. and Ridout, T. N. (2015b) Loose cannons or loyal foot soldiers? Toward a more complex theory of interest group advertising strategies. American Journal of Political Science 60(3): 738–751.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Goldstein, K., Schweidel, D.A. and Wittenwyler, M.B. (2012) Lessons learned: Political advertising and political law. Minnesota Law Review 96: 1732–1754.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Hasen, R. (2016) Plutocrats United: Campaign Money, the Supreme Court, and the Distortion of American Elections. New Haven: Yale University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Kaplan, N., Park, D.K. and Ridout, T.N. (2006) Dialogue in American political campaigns? An examination of issue convergence in candidate television advertising. American Journal of Political Science 50(3): 724–736.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. La Raja, R., and Schaffner, B. (2015) Campaign Finance and Political Polarization. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Lipsitz, K. (2013) Issue convergence is nothing more than issue convergence. Political Research Quarterly 66(4): 843–855.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Mutch, R. (2014) Buying the Vote: A History of Campaign Finance Reform. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Nichols, J. and McChesney, R. (2013) Dollarocracy: How the Money and Media Election Complex is Destroying America. New York: Nation Books.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Post, R. (2014) Citizens Divided: Campaign Finance Reform and the Constitution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Primo, D. and Milyo, J. (2006) Campaign finance laws and political efficacy: Evidence from the states. Election Law Journal 5(1): 23–39.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Rozell, M., Wilcox, C. and Franz, M. (2011) Interest Groups in American Campaigns: The New Face of Electioneering (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Sigelman, L. and Buell, E.H., Jr. (2004) Avoidance or engagement? Issue convergence in U.S. presidential campaigns, 1960–2000. American Journal of Political Science 48(4): 650–661.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Teachout, Z. (2014) Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin’s Snuff Box To Citizens United. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michael M. Franz.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Franz, M.M. Considering the expanding role of interest groups in American presidential elections. Int Groups Adv 6, 112–120 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41309-017-0014-0

Download citation