Advertisement

Higher Education Policy

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 513–534 | Cite as

Social Engagement in Latin American Universities

  • José-Ginés Mora
  • Mauricio Aguiar Serra
  • María-José VieiraEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Regional engagement of universities encompasses a wide number of activities. To a large extent, the literature has emphasised innovation and technological transfer as the main focus of university partnerships. Based on a broad project data carried out in Latin America, this paper points out that social engagement is the most remarkable activity in Latin American universities. This role played by these universities is quite distinctive and could be considered a model for other regions, especially in developing countries. This paper aims to analyse how universities in Latin America interact with civil society in order to meet multiple demands and needs.

Keywords

Third Mission social engagement Latin American civic universities 

References

  1. Albuquerque, E., Suzigan, W., Kruss, G. and Lee, K. (eds.) (2015) Developing National Systems of Innovation: University-Industry Interactions in the Global South, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  2. Arocena, R. and Sutz, J. (2005) ‘Latin American Universities: From an Original Revolution to an Uncertain Transition’, Higher Education 50(4): 573–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asheim, B. and Gertler, M. (2006) ‘The Geography of Innovation: Regional Innovation Systems’, in J. Fagerberg, D. Mowery and R. Nelson (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 291–317.Google Scholar
  4. Benneworth, P. (ed.) (2013) University Engagement With Socially Excluded Communities, London: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Bernardes, A.T. and Albuquerque, E.M. (2003) ‘Cross-over, thresholds, and interactions between science and technology: lessons for less-developed countries’, Research Policy 32(5): 865–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowen F., Newenham-Kahindi, A. and Herremans, I. (2010) ‘When Suits Meet Roots: The Antecedents and Consequences of Community Engagement Strategy’, Journal of Business Ethics 95(2): 297–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Breznitz, S.M. (2014) The Fountain of Knowledge: The Role of Universities in Economic Development, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Breznitz, S.M. and Feldman, M.P. (2012) ‘The Engaged University’, Journal of Technology Transfer 37(2): 139–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carroll, L. (2007) Through the Looking Glass, London: Penguin Classics.Google Scholar
  10. Clark, B. (2004) Sustaining Changes in Universities: Continuities in Case Studies and Concepts, Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cooke, P. (2009) ‘Introduction: Regional Innovation Systems – An Evolutionary Approach’, in P. Cooke, M. Heidenreich and H.J. Braczyk (eds.) Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governance in a Globalised World, Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge, pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
  12. Didriksson, A. et al. (2017) ‘University Social Engagement: Current Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean at Global/Local Universities’, in GUNI (ed). Higher Education in the World 6. Towards a Socially Responsible University: Balancing the Global with the Local, Girona: GUNI, pp. 466–485.Google Scholar
  13. Dubeux, A. (2014) ‘Technological Incubators of Solidarity Economy Initiatives: A Methodology for Promoting Social Innovation, in Brazil’, in F. Moulaert, F. Moulaert, D. MacCallum, A. Mehmood and A. Hamdouch (eds.) The International Handbook of Social Innovation: Collective Action, Social Learning and Transdisciplinary Research, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp. 299–307.Google Scholar
  14. Dutrénit, G. and Sutz, J. (eds.) (2016) National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development: The Latin American Experience, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  15. E3M project (2011) European Indicators and Ranking Methodology for University Third Mission, E3M project, Life Long Learning Programme, 2009–2012. Available at http://www.e3mproject.eu/Green%20paper-p.pdf.
  16. Etzkowitz, H. and Klofsten, M. (2005) ‘The innovating region: toward a theory of knowledge-based regional development’, R&D Management 35(3): 243–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Etzkowitz, H., Webster, A., Gebhardt, C. and Cantisano Terra, B.R. (2000) ‘The future of university and the university of the future: evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm’, Research Policy 29(2): 313–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Etzkowitz, H., Ranga, M., Benner, M., Guaranys, L., Maculan, A.M. and Kneller, R. (2008) ‘Pathways to the entrepreneurial university: towards a global convergence’, Science and Public Policy 35(9): 681–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Eun, J.-H, Lee, K. and Wu, G. (2006) ‘Explaining the university-run enterprises in China: a theoretical framework for university–industry relationship in developing countries and its application to China’, Research Policy 35(9): 1329–1346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. FAPESP (2014) Indicadores FAPESP de CT&I, Boletim n. 5, Maio.Google Scholar
  21. Fernandes, A. (2010) ‘Academy–industry links in Brazil: evidence about channels and benefits for firms and researchers’, Science and Public Policy 37(7): 485–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Goddard, J. (2009) Reinventing the Civic University, London: Nesta.Google Scholar
  23. Goddard, J. and Vallance,P. (2013) The University and the City. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Goddard, J., Hazelkorn, E., Kempton, L. and Vallance, P. (Eds.) (2016) The Civic University: The Policy and Leadership Challenges, Cheltenham, UK: Edward ElgarGoogle Scholar
  25. Hazelkorn, E. (2016) ‘Contemporary debates part I: theorising civic engagement’, in J. Goddard, E. Hazelkorn, L. Kempton and P. Vallance (eds.) The Civic University: The Policy and Leadership Challenges, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, pp. 34–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. IBGE (2016) Contas Regionais do Brasil: 20102014, Rio de Janeiro: IBGE.Google Scholar
  27. IDB (Inter-American Development Bank) (2001) Competitiveness: The Business of Growth - Economic and Social Progress in Latin America, Washington, D.C.: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Klein, J.L. (2017) ‘Knowledge Sharing in Latin America and Quebec’, in GUNI (ed). Higher Education in the World 6. Towards a Socially Responsible University: Balancing the Global with the Local, Girona: GUNI, pp. 175–178.Google Scholar
  29. Kretz, A. and Sá, C. (2013) ‘Third stream, fourth mission: perspectives on university engagement with economic relevance’, Higher Education Policy 26(4): 497–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Loi, M. and Di Guardo, M.C. (2015) ‘The third mission of universities: an investigation of the espoused values’, Science and Public Policy 42(6): 855–870.Google Scholar
  31. Molas-Gallart, J., Salter, A., Patel, P., Scott, A., & Duran, X. (2002) Measuring third stream activities. Final Report to the Russell Group of Universities, Brighton: SPRU, University of Sussex.Google Scholar
  32. Mora, J.G., Vieira, M.J. and Detmer, A. (2012) Good Practices in University Enterprise Partnerships, Valencia, Spain: Gooduep.Google Scholar
  33. Nelson, R. (ed.) (1993) National system of innovation: a comparative study, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Powell, J. and Dyson, K. (2013) ‘Engagement and the Idea of the Civic University’, in P. Benneworth (ed.) University Engagement with Socially Excluded Communities, Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 143–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rapini, M. et al. (2009) “University–industry interactions in an immature system of innovation: evidence from Minas Gerais, Brazil”, Science and Public Policy 36(5): 373–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Salamon, L. (2015) Rethinking Corporate Social Engagement: Lessons From Latin America, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA: Kumarian Press.Google Scholar
  37. Sánchez-Barrioluengo, M. (2014) ‘Articulating the “Three-Missions” in Spanish Universities’, Research Policy 43(10): 1760–1773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sandmann, L. (2008) ‘Conceptualization of the Scholarship of Engagement in Higher Education: A Strategic Review, 1996–2006’, Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement 12(1): 91–104.Google Scholar
  39. Thorn, K. and Soo, M. (2006) Latin American Universities and the Third Mission: Trends, Challenges and Policy Options. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no. 4002, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  40. Tötdling, F. and Trippl, M. (2005) ‘One size fits all? towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach’, Research Policy 34(8): 1203–1219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tunnermann, C. (1998) ‘La reforma universitaria de Córdoba’, Educación Superior y Sociedad 9(1): 103–127.Google Scholar
  42. Tunnermann, C. (2001) Universidad y Sociedad: Balance Histórico y Perspectivas desde Latinoamérica, Managua: Hispamer.Google Scholar
  43. Tunnermann, C. (2003) La Universidad ante los Retos del Siglo XXI, Mérida, Yucatán, México: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán.Google Scholar
  44. UNESCO (2015) Institutionalising Community University Research Partnerships: A user’s manual. UNESCO Chair in Community Based Research and Social Responsibility in Higher Education, PRIA and University of Victoria.Google Scholar
  45. Vieira, M.J., Grao, J., Iriarte, M. and Ochoa, C. (2014) La Tercera Misión de las Universidades: Buenas Prácticas en América Latina, Veracruz, México: Universidad Veracruzana.Google Scholar
  46. Wade, E. and Hazelkorn, E. (2012) ‘Engaging with the Community’, in S. Bergan, E. Egron-Polak, J. Kohler, L. Purser and M. Vukasovich (eds.) Handbook on Leadership and Governance in Higher Education, Stuttgard: Verlag, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  47. Watson, D. (2007) Managing Civic and Community Engagement, Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association of Universities 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OxChepsUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Economia, UNICAMPCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Facultad de EducaciónUniversidad de LeónLeónSpain

Personalised recommendations