Unwanted Identities: The ‘Religion Line’ and Global Islamophobia

Abstract

The article discusses why Islamophobia constitutes a major racist discourse today and illustrates how we can make sense of this global relevance of Islamophobia. The author explains the centrality of the ‘religion line’ in the current global world system by drawing on the post-Cold War era. Through a decolonial reading of Islamophobia, three empirical cases are chosen to discuss differences and commonalities between various forms of Islamophobia in the Xingjiang/China, Egypt, and the USA exploring the effects of this global phenomenon on the discursive construction of identities, citizenship rights, and governance.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    https://belonging.berkeley.edu/global-justice/islamophobia/resource-pack-us.

  2. 2.

    Congressional-Executive Commission on China, Chairs Urge Ambassador Branstad to Prioritize Mass Detention of Uyghurs, Including Family Members of Radio Free Asia Employees, https://www.cecc.gov/media-center/press-releases/chairs-urge-ambassador-branstad-to-prioritize-mass-detention-of-uyghurs.

  3. 3.

    新疆维吾尔自治区去极端化条例 (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Regulations on Depolarization), March 30, 2017, http://xj.people.com.cn/n2/2017/0330/c186332-29942874.html.

  4. 4.

    Amnesty International: UP TO ONE MILLION DETAINED IN CHINA’S MASS “RE-EDUCATION” DRIVE, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/09/china-up-to-one-million-detained/.

  5. 5.

    CUNY School of Law: Mapping Muslims: NYPD Spying and Its Impact on American Muslims, https://www.law.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/page-assets/academics/clinics/immigration/clear/Mapping-Muslims.pdf [retrieved on 01/06/2019].

  6. 6.

    Bridge Initiative Team: Factsheet: Donald Trump as presidential candidate and president-elect, 2 December 2019, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/factsheet-donald-trump-as-presidential-candidate-president-elect/.

  7. 7.

    Bridge Initiative Team: Factsheet: Donald Trump as presidential candidate and president-elect, 2 December 2019, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/factsheet-donald-trump-as-presidential-candidate-president-elect/.

  8. 8.

    The Bridge Initiative, The Muslim Bans, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research-publications/reports/muslimban/.

  9. 9.

    Bridge Initiative Team, FACTSHEET: DONALD TRUMP AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, 2 December 2019, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/factsheet-donald-trump-as-president-of-the-united-states/.

  10. 10.

    Bridge Initiative Team, FACTSHEET: DONALD TRUMP AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, 2 December 2019, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/factsheet-donald-trump-as-president-of-the-united-states/.

  11. 11.

    Bridge Initiative Team, THE MUSLIM BANS: BY THE NUMBERS, 26 June 2019, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/muslim-bans-by-numbers/.

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    Bridge Initiative Team (2016), Factsheet: Steve Bannon, 16 September 2016, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/factsheet-steve-bannon/.

  13. 13.

    Bridge Initiative Team (2018), Factsheet: Stephen Miller, 30 November 2018, https://bridge.georgetown.edu/research/stephen-miller/.

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Hafez, F. Unwanted Identities: The ‘Religion Line’ and Global Islamophobia. Development 63, 9–19 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41301-020-00241-5

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Keywords

  • Decolonial studies
  • Islamophobia
  • Racism
  • Religion
  • Global studies