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Crime Prevention and Community Safety

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 284–308 | Cite as

Stranger child abduction and guardianship: Accompaniment and surveillance in attempted and completed cases

  • Craig J. R. CollieEmail author
  • Karen Shalev Greene
Original Article

Abstract

The Routine Activity Theory construct of capable guardianship is used to examine the features of 78 cases of stranger child abduction, using an outcome-based approach to establishing the effectiveness of various potential sources of guardianship in preventing abduction attempts from becoming completed, and to test widely held and taught beliefs on this subject. Results show only direct oversight provided by an adult who sees themselves as personally responsible for a child to be a very effective means of abduction prevention, both dissuading and disrupting offences. Guardianship provided by other actors, such as peers and third-party passers-by, were not effective. Accompaniment by other children could dissuade offending, but failed to disrupt offences in progress. Sources of natural surveillance were ineffective. The finding regarding the ineffectiveness of peers was particularly surprising. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords

stranger child abduction surveillance Routine Activity Theory capable guardianship crime prevention 

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Criminal Justice StudiesUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK

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