Abdi, Majid, and Preet S. Aulakh. 2012. Do Country-Level Institutional Frameworks and Interfirm Governance Arrangements Substitute or Complement in International Business Relationships? Journal of International Business Studies 43 (5): 477–497.
Adner, Ron. 2006. Match Your Innovation Strategy to Your Innovation Ecosystem. Harvard Business Review 84 (4): 98–107.
Adner, Ron. 2017. Ecosystem as Structure An Actionable Construct for Strategy. Journal of Management 43 (1): 39–58.
Adner, Ron, and Rahul Kapoor. 2010. Value Creation in Innovation Ecosystems: How the Structure of Technological Interdependence Affects Firm Performance in New Technology Generations. Strategic Management Journal 31 (3): 306–333.
Adomavicius, Gediminas, Jesse Bockstedt, Alok Gupta, and Robert J. Kauffman. 2008. Understanding Evolution in Technology Ecosystems. Communications of the ACM 51 (10): 117–122.
Ahn, Mark J., and Anne S. York. 2011. Resource-Based and Institution-Based Approaches to Biotechnology Industry Development in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Management 28 (2): 257–275.
Allee, Vema. 2000. Reconfiguring the Value Network. Journal of Business Strategy 21 (4): 36–39.
Amit, Raphael, and Christoph Zott. 2001. Value Creation in E-Business. Strategic Management Journal 22 (6–7): 493–520.
Ansari, Shahzad, Frank Wijen, and Barbara Gray. 2013. Constructing a Climate Change Logic: An Institutional Perspective on the ‘Tragedy of the Commons’. Organization Science 24 (4): 1014–1040.
Antràs, Pol, and Davin Chor. 2013. Organizing the Global Value Chain. Econometrica 81 (6): 2127–2204.
Armstrong, Mark. 2006. Competition in Two-Sided Markets. The Rand Journal of Economics 37 (3): 668–691.
Avgerou, Chrisanthi, and Boyi Li. 2013. Relational and Institutional Embeddedness of Web-Enabled Entrepreneurial Networks: Case Studies of Netrepreneurs in China. Information Systems Journal 23 (4): 329–350.
Baden-Fuller, Charles, and Stefan Haefliger. 2013. Business Models and Technological Innovation. Long Range Planning 46 (6): 419–426.
Barney, Jay. 1991. Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management 17 (1): 99–120.
Barney, Jay B. 2001. Resource-Based Theories of Competitive Advantage: A Ten-Year Retrospective on the Resource-Based View. Journal of Management 27 (6): 643–650.
Basole, Rahul C., and Jürgen Karla. 2011. On the Evolution of Mobile Platform Ecosystem Structure and Strategy. Business & Information Systems Engineering 3 (5): 313–322.
Basole, Rahul C., Martha G. Russell, Jukka Huhtamäki, Neil Rubens, Kaisa Still, and Hyunwoo Park. 2015. Understanding Business Ecosystem Dynamics: A Data-Driven Approach. ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS) 6 (2): 1–32.
Bhattacharya, Arindam K., and David C. Michael. 2008. How Local Companies Keep Multinationals at Bay. Harvard Business Review 86 (3): 20–33.
Birley, Sue. 1985. The Role of Networks in the Entrepreneurial Process. Journal of Business Venturing 1 (1): 107–117.
Boudreau, Kevin J., and Lars B. Jeppesen. 2015. Unpaid Crowd Complementors: The Platform Network Effect Mirage. Strategic Management Journal 36 (12): 1761–1777.
Boudreau, Kevin, and Karim Lakhani. 2009. How to Manage Outside Innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review 50 (4): 69–76.
Bouncken, Ricarda B., Miriam Muench, and Sascha Kraus. 2015. Born Globals: Investigating the Influence of their Business Models On Rapid Internationalization. The International Business & Economics Research Journal (Online); Littleton 14 (2): 247–256.
Breslin, Dermot. 2011. Reviewing a Generalized Darwinist Approach to Studying Socio-Economic Change. International Journal of Management Reviews 13 (2): 218–235.
Bu, Huabai, and Yang Gao. 2010. The Reflection and Rebuilding of the Enterprise Value Chain Mode in the Network Trading Environment Based on the Value Network. International Business Research 4 (1): 260–265.
Carvalho, Luís, Inês Plácido Santos, and Willem van Winden. 2014. Knowledge Spaces and Places: From the Perspective of a ‘Born-Global’ Start-up in the Field of Urban Technology. Expert Systems with Applications, Empirical Approaches in Knowledge City Research 41 (12): 5647–5655.
Cavusgil, S.Tamer, and Gary Knight. 2015. The Born Global Firm: An Entrepreneurial and Capabilities Perspective on Early and Rapid Internationalization. Journal of International Business Studies 46 (1): 3–16.
Ceccagnoli, Marco, Chris Forman, Peng Huang, and D.J. Wu. 2012. Cocreation of Value in a Platform Ecosystem: The Case of Enterprise Software. MIS Quarterly 36 (1): 263–290.
Cennamo, Carmelo, and Juan Santalo. 2013. Platform Competition: Strategic Trade-offs in Platform Markets. Strategic Management Journal 34 (11): 1331–1350.
Chakravorti, Sujit, and Roberto Roson. 2006. Platform Competition in Two-Sided Markets: The Case of Payment Networks. Review of Network Economics 5 (1): 118–142.
Chandler, Jennifer D., and Heiko Wieland. 2010. Embedded Relationships: Implications for Networks, Innovation, and Ecosystems. Journal of Business Market Management 4 (4): 199–215.
Chen, Homin, and Tain-Jy Chen. 1998. Network Linkages and Location Choice in Foreign Direct Investment. Journal of International Business Studies 29 (3): 445–467.
Chen, Tain-Jy. 2003. Network Resources for Internationalization: The Case of Taiwan’s Electronics Firms. Journal of Management Studies 40 (5): 1107–1130.
Christensen, Clayton M., and Richard S. Rosenbloom. 1995. Explaining the Attacker’s Advantage: Technological Paradigms, Organizational Dynamics, and the Value Network. Research Policy 24 (2): 233–257.
Christopher, Martin. 2005. Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Creating Value-Added Networks. Harlow: Pearson education.
Clarysse, Bart, Mike Wright, Johan Bruneel, and Aarti Mahajan. 2014. Creating Value in Ecosystems: Crossing the Chasm between Knowledge and Business Ecosystems. Research Policy 43 (7): 1164–1176.
Colotla, Ian, Yongjiang Shi, and Michael J. Gregory. 2003. Operation and Performance of International Manufacturing Networks. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 23 (10): 1184–1206.
Corallo, Angelo, and Stefania Protopapa. 2007. Business Networks and Ecosystems: Rethinking the Biological Metaphor. Digital Business Ecosystems 6064: 1–6.
Cusumano, Michael. 2010. Technology Strategy and Management: The Evolution of Platform Thinking. Communications of the ACM 53 (1): 32–34.
de Vasconcelos Gome, Leonardo A., Ana Lucia Figueiredo Facin, Mario Sergio Salerno, and Rodrigo Kazuo Ikenami. 2016. Unpacking the innovation ecosystem construct: Evolution, gaps and trends. Technological Forecasting and Social Change (In Press). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.11.009.
Dedehayir, Ozgur, Saku J. Mäkinen, and J. Roland Ortt. 2016. Roles During Innovation Ecosystem Genesis: A Literature Review. Technological Forecasting & Social Change (In Press). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.11.028.
Economides, Nicholas, and Evangelos Katsamakas. 2006. Two-Sided Competition of Proprietary vs. Open Source Technology Platforms and the Implications for the Software Industry. Management Science 52 (7): 1057–1071.
Eisenmann, Thomas, Geoffrey Parker, and Marshall W. Van Alstyne. 2006. Strategies for Two-Sided Markets. Harvard Business Review 84 (10): 92–101.
Evans, David S., and Richard Schmalensee. 2010. Failure to Launch: Critical Mass in Platform Businesses. Review of Network Economics 9 (4): 1–28.
Ferdows, Kasra. 1997. Making the Most of Foreign Factories. Harvard Business Review 75: 73–91.
Fleisher, Craig S., and Babette E. Bensoussan. 2003. Strategic and Competitive Analysis: Methods and Techniques for Analyzing Business Competition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Freeman, Christopher. 1988. Japan: A New National System of Innovation? In Technical Change and Economic Theory, ed. Giovanni Dosi, and Christopher Freeman, 330–348. London: Pinter.
Fuchs, Christian. 2015. Baidu, Weibo and Renren: The Global Political Economy of Social Media in China. Asian Journal of Communication 26 (1): 14–41.
Funk, Jeffrey L. 2009. The Emerging Value Network in the Mobile Phone Industry: The Case of Japan and Its Implications for the Rest of the World. Telecommunications Policy 33 (1–2): 4–18.
Gawer, Annabelle, and Michael A. Cusumano. 2014. Industry Platforms and Ecosystem Innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management 31 (3): 417–433.
Gereffi, Gary, John Humphrey, and Timothy Sturgeon. 2005. The Governance of Global Value Chains. Review of International Political Economy 12 (1): 78–104.
Granovetter, Mark. 1985. Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology 91 (3): 481–510.
Greve, Henrich R. 2005. Japan’s Network Economy: Structure, Persistence, and Change. Administrative Science Quarterly 50: 140–143.
Grönroos, Christian. 2000. Relationship Marketing: The Nordic School Perspective. (Reprint). In Handbook of Relationship Marketing, ed. J.N. Sheth, and A. Prvatiyar, 95–117. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Gueguen, Gael. 2009. Coopetition and Business Ecosystems in the Information Technology Sector: The Example of Intelligent Mobile Terminals. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 8 (1): 135–153.
Hackney, Ray, Janice Burn, and Angel Salazar. 2004. Strategies for Value Creation in Electronic Markets: Towards a Framework for Managing Evolutionary Change. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Strategic Information Systems in the Post-Net Era 13 (2): 91–103.
Hafeez, Khalid, YanBing Zhang, and Naila Malak. 2002. Core Competence for Sustainable Competitive Advantage: A Structured Methodology for Identifying Core Competence. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 49 (1): 28–35.
Halaburda, Hanna, and Yaron Yehezkel. 2013. Platform Competition under Asymmetric Information. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 5 (3): 22–68.
Hearn, Greg, Simon Roodhouse, and Julie Blakey. 2007. From Value Chain to Value Creating Ecology: Implications for Creative Industries Development Policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy 13 (4): 419–436.
Hein, Andreas M., Marija Jankovic, Wen Feng, Romain Farel, Jeremy H. Yune, and Bernard Yannou. 2017. Stakeholder Power in Industrial Symbioses: A Stakeholder Value Network Approach. Journal of Cleaner Production 148: 923–933.
Hill, Terry, and Alex Hill. 2009. Manufacturing Strategy: Text and Cases. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Iansiti, Marco, and Roy Levien. 2004a. The Keystone Advantage: What the New Dynamics of Business Ecosystems Mean for Strategy, Innovation, and Sustainability. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Pr.
Iansiti, Marco, and Roy Levien. 2004b. Keystones and Dominators: Framing Operating and Technology Strategy in a Business Ecosystem. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School.
Imai, Ken-ichi, and Hiroyuki Itami. 1984. Interpenetration of organization and market. Japan’s firm and market in comparison with the U.S. International Journal of Industrial Organization 2: 285–310.
Jacobides, Michael, Carmelo Cennamo, and Annabelle Gawer. 2018. Towards a Theory of Ecosystems. Strategic Management Journal. (In Press).
Javalgi, Rajshekhar G., Patricia R. Todd, and Robert F. Scherer. 2005. The Dynamics of Global E-Commerce: An Organizational Ecology Perspective. International Marketing Review 22 (4): 420–435.
Javidan, Mansour. 1998. Core Competence: What Does It Mean in Practice? Long Range Planning 31 (1): 60–71.
Jiang, Min. 2013. The Business and Politics of Search Engines: A Comparative Study of Baidu and Google’s Search Results of Internet Events in China. New Media & Society 16 (2): 212–233.
Johanson, J., and L.G. Mattsson. 1988. Internationalization in Industrial Systems—A Network Approach. In The Internationalization of the Firm: A Reader, ed. Peter J. Buckley, and Pervez N. Ghauri, 303–321. London: Academic Press.
Johanson, Jan, and Jan-Erik Vahlne. 2009. The Uppsala Internationalization Process Model Revisited: From Liability of Foreignness to Liability of Outsidership. Journal of International Business Studies 40 (9): 1411–1431.
Kandiah, Gajen, and Sanjiv Gossain. 1998. Reinventing Value: The New Business Ecosystem. Strategy & Leadership 26 (5): 28–33.
Kano, Liena. 2017. Global Value Chain Governance: A Relational Perspective. Journal of International Business Studies 217 (30): 1–22.
Kapoor, Rahul, and Shiva Agarwal. 2017. Sustaining Superior Performance in Business Ecosystems: Evidence from Application Software Developers in the IOS and Android Smartphone Ecosystems. Organization Science 28 (3): 531–551.
Kapoor, Rahul, and Joon Mahn Lee. 2013. Coordinating and Competing in Ecosystems: How Organizational Forms Shape New Technology Investments. Strategic Management Journal 34 (3): 274–296.
Katz, Michael L., and Carl Shapiro. 1994. Systems Competition and Network Effects. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8 (2): 93–115.
Knight, Gary. 2015. Born Global Firms: Evolution of a Contemporary Phenomenon. In Entrepreneurship in International Marketing, ed. Shaoming Zou, Hui Xu, and Linda Hui Shi, 3–19. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing.
Knight, Gary A., and S. Tamar Cavusgil. 2004. Innovation, Organizational Capabilities, and the Born-Global Firm. Journal of International Business Studies 35 (2): 124–141.
Kogut, Bruce. 1984. Normative Observations on the International Value-Added Chain and Strategic Groups. Journal of International Business Studies 15 (2): 151–167.
Kudina, Alina, George S. Yip, and Harry G. Barkema. 2008. Born Global. Business Strategy Review 19 (4): 38–44.
Lakhani, Tashlin, Sarosh Kuruvilla, and Ariel Avgar. 2013. From the Firm to the Network: Global Value Chains and Employment Relations Theory. British Journal of Industrial Relations 51 (3): 440–472.
Landsman, Vardit, and Stefan Stremersch. 2011. Multihoming in Two-Sided Markets: An Empirical Inquiry in the Video Game Console Industry. Journal of Marketing 75 (6): 39–54.
Lee, Sangwon. 2006. Broadband Deployment in the United States: Examining the Impacts of Platform Competition. The International Journal on Media Management 8 (4): 173–181.
Leong, Carmen, L. Shan Pan, Sue Newell, and Lili Cui. 2016. The Emergence of Self-Organizing E-Commerce Ecosystems in Remote Villages of China: A Tale of Digital Empowerment for Rural Development. MIS Quarterly 40 (2): 475–484.
Li, Yan-Ru. 2009. The Technological Roadmap of Cisco’s Business Ecosystem. Technovation 29 (5): 379–386.
Li, Zhiwen, and Thierry Pénard. 2014. The Role of Quantitative and Qualitative Network Effects in B2b Platform Competition. Managerial and Decision Economics 35 (1): 1–19.
Lin, Carol Yeh-Yun Y., and Jing Zhang. 2005. Changing Structures of SME Networks: Lessons From the Publishing Industry in Taiwan. Long Range Planning 38 (2): 145–162.
Liu, Gordon, and Ke Rong. 2015. The Nature of the Co-Evolutionary Process Complex Product Development in the Mobile Computing Industry’s Business Ecosystem. Group & Organization Management 40 (6): 809–842.
Liu, Xin. 2013. Platform Competition in the Online Video Industry: A Comparison between the United States and Chinese Markets. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/80691.
Lu, Chao, Ke Rong, Jianxin You, and Yongjiang Shi. 2014. Business Ecosystem and Stakeholders’ Role Transformation: Evidence from Chinese Emerging Electric Vehicle Industry. Expert Systems with Applications 41 (10): 4579–4595.
Mäkinen, Saku J., and Ozgur Dedehayir. 2012. Business Ecosystem Evolution and Strategic Considerations: A Literature Review. Paper presented at 2012 18th International ICE Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE), IEEE, Munich, Germany, June 18–20.
Martinsons, Maris G. 2008. Relationship-based E-commerce: Theory and Evidence from China. Information Systems Journal 18 (4): 331–356.
McGrath, Rita Gunther. 2010. Business Models: A Discovery Driven Approach. Business Models 43 (2): 247–261.
Moore, James F. 1993. Predators and Prey: A New Ecology of Competition. Harvard Business Review 71 (3): 75–86.
Moore, James F. 1996. The Death of Competition: Leadership and Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems. Boston, MA: Harper Paperbacks.
Moore, James F. 2006. Business Ecosystems and the View From the Firm. Antitrust Bulletin 51: 31–75.
Neubert, Michael. 2016. Significance of the Speed of Internationalisation for Born Global Firms-a Multiple Case Study Approach. International Journal of Teaching and Case Studies 7 (1): 66–81.
Nolan, Peter, and Xiaoqiang Wang. 1999. Beyond Privatization: Institutional Innovation and Growth in China’s Large State-Owned Enterprises. World Development 27: 169–200.
Oh, Myung, and James Larson. 2011. Digital Development in Korea: Building an Information Society. Oxon: Routledge.
Ou, Carol Xiaojuan, Paul Pavlou, and Robert Davison. 2013. Swift Guanxi in Online Marketplaces: The Role of Computer-Mediated Communication Technologies. MIS Quarterly 38 (1): 209–230.
Pagani, Margherita, and Charles H. Fine. 2008. Value Network Dynamics in 3G–4G Wireless Communications: A Systems Thinking Approach to Strategic Value Assessment. Journal of Business Research 61 (11): 1102–1112.
Parente, Ronaldo, Jose-Maurico Geleilate, and Ke Rong. 2018. The Sharing Economy Globalization Phenomenon: A Research Agenda. Journal of International Management 24 (1): 52–64.
Parker, Geoffrey G., and Marshall W. Van Alstyne. 2005. Two-Sided Network Effects: A Theory of Information Product Design. Management Science 51 (10): 1494–1504.
Peppard, Joe, and Anna Rylander. 2006. From Value Chain to Value Network: Insights for Mobile Operators. European Management Journal 24 (2–3): 128–141.
Pera, Rebecca, Nicoletta Occhiocupo, and Jackie Clarke. 2016. Motives and Resources for Value Co-Creation in a Multi-Stakeholder Ecosystem: A Managerial Perspective. Journal of Business Research 69 (10): 4033–4041.
Piepenbrock, Theodore Frederick. 2009. Toward a Theory of the Evolution of Business Ecosystems: Enterprise Architectures, Competitive Dynamics, Firm Performance & Industrial Co-Evolution. PhD diss., MIT.
Pierce, Lamar. 2009. Big Losses in Ecosystem Niches: How Core Firm Decisions Drive Complementary Product Shakeouts. Strategic Management Journal 30 (3): 323–347.
Porter, Terry B. 2006. Coevolution as a Research Framework for Organizations and the Natural Environment. Organization & Environment 19 (4): 479–504.
Prahalad, Coimbatore K., and Gary Hamel. 2000. The Core Competence of the Corporation. In Strategic Learning in a Knowledge Economy, ed. Rob Cross, 3–22. Wobum, MA: Elsevier.
Quinn, James Brian, and Frederick G. Hilmer. 1994. Strategic Outsourcing. Sloan Management Review 35 (4): 43–55.
Reisinger, Markus. 2012. Platform Competition for Advertisers and Users in Media Markets. International Journal of Industrial Organization 30 (2): 243–252.
Rochet, Jean-Charles, and Jean Tirole. 2003. Platform Competition in Two-Sided Markets. Journal of the European Economic Association 1 (4): 990–1029.
Rochet, Jean-Charles, and Jean Tirole. 2006. Two-Sided Markets: A Progress Report. The Rand Journal of Economics 37 (3): 645–667.
Rong, Ke, Jie Hou, Yongjiang Shi, and Qiang Lu. 2010. From Value Chain, Supply Network, towards Business Ecosystem (BE): Evaluating the BE Concept’s Implications to Emerging Industrial Demand. Paper presented at 2010 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), IEEE, Marco, China, December 7–10.
Rong, Ke, Hu Guangyu, Yong Lin, Yongjiang Shi, and Liang Guo. 2015a. Understanding Business Ecosystem Using a 6C Framework in Internet-of-Things-Based Sectors. International Journal of Production Economics 159: 41–55.
Rong, Ke, and Yongjiang Shi. 2015. Business Ecosystems: Constructs, Configurations, and the Nurturing Process. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rong, Ke, Yongjiang Shi, Tianjiao Shang, Yantai Chen, and Han Hao. 2017. Organizing Business Ecosystems in Emerging Electric Vehicle Industry: Structure, Mechanism, and Integrated Configuration. Energy Policy 107: 234–247.
Rong, Ke, Yongjiang Shi, and Yu. Jiang. 2013. Nurturing Business Ecosystem to Deal with Industry Uncertainties. Industrial Management & Data Systems 133 (3): 385–402.
Rong, Ke, Wu Jinxi, Yongjiang Shi, and Liang Guo. 2015b. Nurturing Business Ecosystems for Growth in a Foreign Market: Incubating, Identifying and Integrating Stakeholders. Journal of International Management 21 (4): 293–308.
Rudberg, Martin, and Jan Olhager. 2003. Manufacturing Networks and Supply Chains: An Operations Strategy Perspective. Omega 31 (1): 29–39.
Saarikko, T., K. Jonsson, and T. Burström. Forthcoming. Software Platform Establishment: Effectuation and Entrepreneurial Awareness. Information Technology and People.
Sanchez, Ron. 1995. Strategic Flexibility in Product Competition. Strategic Management Journal 16 (S1): 135–159.
Scholten, Simone, and Ulrich Scholten. 2012. Platform-Based Innovation Management: Directing External Innovational Efforts in Platform Ecosystems. Journal of the Knowledge Economy 3 (2): 164–184.
Shankar, Venkatesh, and Barry L. Bayus. 2003. Network Effects and Competition: An Empirical Analysis of the Home Video Game Industry. Strategic Management Journal 24 (4): 375–384.
Shang, Tianjiao, and Yongjiang Shi. 2013. The Emergence of the Electric Vehicle Industry in Chinese Shandong Province: A Research Design for Understanding Business Ecosystem Capabilities. Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship 5: 61–75.
Sherer, Susan A. 2005. From Supply-chain Management to Value Network Advocacy: Implications for E-Supply Chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal 10 (2): 77–83.
Shi, Yongjiang, and Mike Gregory. 1998. International Manufacturing Networks—To Develop Global Competitive Capabilities. Journal of Operations Management 16 (2–3): 195–214.
Shi, Xianwei, and Xingkun Liang. 2015. Understanding Latecomer Strategy from a Business Ecosystem Perspective. Academy of Management Proceedings 2015 (1): 18506.
Shi, Xianwei, and Yongjiang Shi. 2017. Unpacking Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Health. Academy of Management Proceedings 2017 (1): 16215.
Shoulian, Tang, Zheng Li, and Wang Jianglei. 2003. The Change From Value Chain to Value Network on Telecommunication. Telecommunications Science 9: 2–10.
Suarez, Fernando F. 2005. Network Effects Revisited: The Role of Strong Ties in Technology Selection. Academy of Management Journal 48 (4): 710–720.
Tanev, Stoyan. 2012. Global From the Start: The Characteristics of Born-Global Firms in the Technology Sector. Technology Innovation Management Review 2 (3): 5–8.
Teece, David J. 2010. Business Models, Business Strategy and Innovation. Long Range Planning 43 (2–3): 172–194.
The Economist. 2011. Entrepreneurship in China: Let a Million Flowers Bloom. The Economist. https://www.economist.com/node/18330120.
Tiwana, Amrit. 2015. Evolutionary Competition in Platform Ecosystems. Information Systems Research 26 (2): 266–281.
Tiwana, Amrit, Benn Konsynski, and Ashley A. Bush. 2010. Research Commentary—Platform Evolution: Coevolution of Platform Architecture, Governance, and Environmental Dynamics. Information Systems Research 21 (4): 675–687.
Tsujimoto, Masaharu, Yuya Kajikawa, Junichi Tomita, and Yoichi Matsumoto. 2017. A Review of the Ecosystem Concept—Towards Coherent Ecosystem Design. Technological Forecasting and Social Change (In press). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.06.032.
Vargo, Stephen L. 2009. Toward a Transcending Conceptualization of Relationship: A Service-Dominant Logic Perspective. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing 24 (5/6): 373–379.
Wang, Juite, Jung-Yu. Lai, and Li-Chun Hsiao. 2015. Value Network Analysis for Complex Service Systems: A Case Study on Taiwan’s Mobile Application Services. Service Business 9 (3): 381–407.
Wareham, Jonathan, Paul B. Fox, and Josep Lluís Cano Giner. 2014. Technology Ecosystem Governance. Organization Science 25 (4): 1195–1215.
Weeds, Helen. 2016. TV Wars: Exclusive Content and Platform Competition in Pay TV. The Economic Journal 126 (594): 1600–1633.
Winter, Juha, Sandro Battisti, Thommie Burström, and Sakari Luukkainen. 2017. Exploring the Success Factors of Mobile Business Ecosystems. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219877018500268.
Witt, Michael, and Gordon Redding. 2014. Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wulf, Anna, and Lynne Butel. 2017. Knowledge Sharing and Collaborative Relationships in Business Ecosystems and Networks: A Definition and a Demarcation. Industrial Management & Data Systems 117 (7): 1407–1425.
Xiaoren, Zhang, Ding Ling, and Chen Xiangdong. 2014. Interaction of Open Innovation and Business Ecosystem. International Journal of U-and e-Service, Science and Technology 7 (1): 51–64.
Zaheer, Srilata. 1995. Overcoming the Liability of Foreignness. Academy of Management Journal 38 (2): 341–363.
Zander, Ivo, Patricia McDougall-Covin, and Elizabeth L. Rose. 2015. Born Globals and International Business: Evolution of a Field of Research. Journal of International Business Studies 46 (1): 27–35.
Zhang, Jing, and Xiong-Jian Liang. 2011. Business Ecosystem Strategies of Mobile Network Operators in the 3G Era: The Case of China Mobile. Telecommunications Policy 35 (2): 156–171.
Zhu, Feng, and Marco Iansiti. 2012. Entry into Platform-Based Markets. Strategic Management Journal 33 (1): 88–106.