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Table 1 Urban design and planning’s role providing support for frail older people in small households

From: Improving housing and neighborhoods for the vulnerable: older people, small households, urban design, and planning

Person-environment issues Urban design and planning’s role
Agency, experience, behavior, belonging, perceptions; mobility, sensory, and mental conditions
Create supportive local environments for different levels of ability, minimizing stressors and maximizing supports for people at every stage of aging as people change over time
Physical environment features
Exposures, accessibility/mobility, urban form supports, destinations & services
Using the lens of aging, create an environment that is safe (from traffic, pollutants, perceived and actual crime), meaningful, service-rich, and where nature is accessible (physically, visually)
Economic and social dimensions
Affordable living options, economic participation, social engagement & activities, service programs
Link an affordable physical environment with services and activities relevant to older people; home as a hub for service delivery and a base for older people to go out into the wider environment
  1. Sources: Draws on Diaz Moore 2014, Forsyth et al. 2017, Lawton 1982; and Wahl et al. 2012