Investigating the Risk Reduction Potential of Disaster Insurance Across Europe

Abstract

The notion that insurance can play a significant role in risk reduction has recently gained increasing attention in the wake of rising losses from natural disasters. While this notion is accepted in theory, we notice that, in practice, little is known about if and how insurance promotes efforts to lower the occurrence probabilities of an event or reduce its impacts. Direct linkages between risk reduction and insurance appear lacking in most existing insurance schemes, and the risk reduction potential is usually not a recognised aspect when designing or reforming insurance schemes. In response, multisectoral partnerships are being developed as innovative mechanisms to address this shortfall. Our analysis seeks to determine how the risk reduction linkages of insurance can be assessed and developed further in a multisector partnership (MSP) setting. We consider four methodologies applied in previous studies and explore them for several European examples of insurance development. While very different in scope and history, our examples share one common feature: they can all be considered as MSPs designed to foster greater collaboration between different stakeholders. We use those examples to act as testing grounds for the assessment of the risk reduction implications of insurance. Our findings show that the potential for risk reduction of new or reformed schemes could be strengthened through multisectoral partnerships. We conclude with a discussion of how the four methods could assist in the development of innovative responses to natural hazard insurance in a multisectoral partnership context.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Bräuninger et al. (2011); Chambwera et al. (2014).

  2. 2.

    Paudel (2012); Schwarze et al. (2011).

  3. 3.

    Akerlof (1970); Rothschild and Stiglitz (1976).

  4. 4.

    Ehrlich and Becker (1972).

  5. 5.

    For example, Osberghaus (2015); Petrolia et al. (2015); Hudson et al. (2016).

  6. 6.

    For example, Bouwer et al. (2007).

  7. 7.

    European Commission (2013).

  8. 8.

    European Commission (2013); Surminski (2014).

  9. 9.

    Surminski et al. (2015a).

  10. 10.

    For example, Botzen et al. (2010); IPCC (2014); Mills (2009).

  11. 11.

    Niehörster et al. (2013).

  12. 12.

    For example, Rojas et al. (2013).

  13. 13.

    For example, Aerts et al. (2013); Kreibich et al. (2005).

  14. 14.

    Crick et al. (2016).

  15. 15.

    UNISDR (2015).

  16. 16.

    Djalante et al. (2011).

  17. 17.

    Carmona et al. (2014); Máñez Costa et al. (2013).

  18. 18.

    Surminski (2014).

  19. 19.

    Paudel (2012).

  20. 20.

    Kousky and Kunreuther (2013).

  21. 21.

    Hudson et al. (2016).

  22. 22.

    Grossi and Kunreuther (2005).

  23. 23.

    Ranger et al. (2011).

  24. 24.

    Bozzola (2014); Kunreuther (1996).

  25. 25.

    Michel-Kerjan (2010); Surminski (2013).

  26. 26.

    Kliesen and Mill (1994); Cavallo and Noy (2010); Hallegatte and Przyzluski (2010).

  27. 27.

    Jongman et al. (2014).

  28. 28.

    Kunreuther (1996).

  29. 29.

    Ranger and Surminski (2013).

  30. 30.

    For example, Walker et al. (2010).

  31. 31.

    UNISDR (2011).

  32. 32.

    Mills (2005).

  33. 33.

    Hudson et al. (2014, 2017).

  34. 34.

    Poussin et al. (2015).

  35. 35.

    Crichton (2008).

  36. 36.

    Surminski and Oramas-Dorta (2013).

  37. 37.

    Insurance is one element of risk management that can be harnessed.

  38. 38.

    Surminski et al. (2015b).

  39. 39.

    Defra (2011, p. 5).

  40. 40.

    Defra (2013a).

  41. 41.

    Defra (2013a, p. 30); Defra (2013b).

  42. 42.

    Surminski and Eldridge (2015).

  43. 43.

    The case studies are currently ongoing and, as such, detailed examples and summaries of the final objectives of stakeholders are not available.

  44. 44.

    Bozzola and Swanson (2014).

  45. 45.

    For example, Paudel et al. (2014).

  46. 46.

    Prudential Regulation Authority (2015).

  47. 47.

    Kunreuther (2015).

  48. 48.

    Nicoli et al. (2015).

  49. 49.

    see Surminski et al. (2016).

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Acknowledgements

This paper has been produced under the research project ENHANCE (Enhancing risk management partnerships for catastrophic natural hazards in Europe), funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme – Grant Agreement No. 308438. The authors acknowledge the funding received by LSE and IVM through this grant. The authors would also like to acknowledge the input provided by the following ENHANCE colleagues, who contributed to an earlier working paper version of this paper: Jeroen Aerts, Wouter Botzen, M.Conceição Colaço, Florence Crick, Jillian Eldridge, Anna Lorant, António Macedo, Reinhard Mechler, Jaroslav Mysiak, Carlos Neto, Robin Nicolai, Dionisio Pérez-Blanco and Francisco Rego.

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Surminski, S., Hudson, P. Investigating the Risk Reduction Potential of Disaster Insurance Across Europe. Geneva Pap Risk Insur Issues Pract 42, 247–274 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41288-016-0039-7

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Keywords

  • insurance
  • natural hazards
  • risk reduction
  • adaptation, partnerships