Determinants of the Productivity of Teff in Ethiopia

Abstract

There are considerable variations in the productivity of plots growing teff across Ethiopia. The major drivers for productivity differences appear to be the levels of input use, the management practices employed, the age of the operator, the ease of access to markets, and the level of engagement in extension efforts. The findings lead to a number of policy implications. First, there are high rates of return to investments in the development of better seed varieties. Second, the payoff to investments in extension efforts is also high. Third, targeting efforts to increase women’s access to teff plots will improve incomes for women. Fourth, reducing the costs of remoteness through the construction of rural roads and increasing distribution outlets of modern inputs is likely to have a positive impact on teff productivity. Finally, innovations that reduce labour requirements for growing teff might satisfy the increasing demands for teff at an affordable price.

Il existe des variations considérables dans la productivité des terrains cultivant du tef à travers l’Ethiopie. Les conducteurs principaux pour ces différences semblent être les niveaux d’intrants utilisés, les pratiques de gestion employées, l’âge des opérateurs, la facilité d’accès aux marchés et les niveaux d’engagement dans les efforts de vulgarisation. Les résultats conduisent à un nombre d’implications politiques. Premièrement, les taux des rendements des investissements dans le développement de meilleures variétés de semences sont élevés. Deuxièmement, la rentabilité des investissements dans les efforts de vulgarisation est également élevée. Troisièmement, cibler les efforts visant à faciliter l’accès des femmes aux parcelles de tef permettra de faire augmenter leurs revenus. Quatrièmement, la réduction des surcoûts d’éloignement à travers la construction de routes rurales et l’augmentation des nombres de points de distribution d’intrants modernes pourraient être susceptible d’avoir un impact positif sur la productivité du tef. Enfin, les innovations qui font réduire les besoins de main-d’œuvre sa cultivation pourraient satisfaire les demandes croissantes pour le tef à un prix abordable.

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Correspondence to Getu Hailu.

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Hailu, G., Weersink, A. & Minten, B. Determinants of the Productivity of Teff in Ethiopia. Eur J Dev Res 29, 866–892 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41287-016-0065-0

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Keywords

  • land productivity
  • teff
  • co-operatives
  • producer groups
  • extension
  • R&D