The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 384–403 | Cite as

Using Functions of Innovation Systems to Understand the Successful Emergence of Non-traditional Agricultural Export Industries in Developing Countries: Cases from Ethiopia and Chile

Original Article

Abstract

Development of new export industries provides an important stimulus for economic growth and structural transformation in developing countries. In any country, numerous new export industries, whether initiated by the government or private sector, are always being pursued, but only a few become successful due to inherent uncertainties in new activities. In this paper, we adopted the functions of innovation systems framework to understand the process of system building through examination of the successful emergence of two non-traditional agricultural export industries in developing countries, namely the Ethiopian flower industry and the Chilean salmon industry to identify effective policy measures in the early phases of development.

Keywords

functions of innovation systems non-traditional exports developing countries industrial policy agriculture Chile Ethiopia 

Le développement de nouvelles industries exportatrices fournit un stimulus important pour la croissance économique et la transformation structurelle dans les pays en voie de développement. Dans n’importe quel pays, de nombreuses nouvelles industries exportatrices, soit lancée par le gouvernement ou par le secteur privé, sont toujours poursuivies, mais seulement peu d’entre elles réussissent dus à des incertitudes inhérentes dans de nouvelles activités. Dans cet article, nous avons adopté les fonctions du cadre de systèmes d’innovation pour comprendre le processus de génération du système par l’examen de l’émergence réussie de deux industries exportatrices agricoles non traditionnelles dans les pays en développement, à savoir l’industrie de fleurs éthiopiennes et l’industrie du saumon chilien, pour identifier des décisions politiques efficaces pendant les premières phases du développement.

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Nations University (UNU-MERIT)MaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)Addis AbabaEthiopia

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