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The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 348–368 | Cite as

The Influence of Internal Migration on Migrant Children’s School Enrolment and Work in Turkey

  • Motoi KusadokoroEmail author
  • Ai Hasegawa
Original Article

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of internal family migration on the schooling and work situations of children in Turkey, where large regional economic gaps generate large internal migration flows. Using 2003 Turkey Demographic and Health survey data, conventional regression analyses suggest that migrant children are more likely to leave school and engage in economic activity. These effects of migration are considerable compared with those of wealth and parents’ education. However, if we control the selection bias caused by the non-randomness of migration decisions, only the effects on the work situations of children remain significant. Internal migration directly impacts work than schooling for migrant children. In Turkey, only a few migrants obtain high returns from migration. Migrant children whose parents failed to get the expected returns may start to work in the destination.

Keywords

internal migration school enrolment child labour human capital treatment effects Turkey 

Cette étude analyse les effets de la migration familiale interne dans des situations d’instruction et de travail des enfants en Turquie, où les grands fossés économiques régionaux produisent de grands flux migratoires internes. Utilisant les données démographiques et de santé de la Turquie en 2003, des analyses de régression conventionnelles suggèrent que les enfants migrants sont plus à même de quitter l’école et de s’engager dans une activité économique. Ces effets de migration sont considérables comparés à ceux de la richesse et de l’éducation des parents. Cependant, si nous contrôlons la polarisation de sélection provoquée par le non-caractère aléatoire des décisions sur la migration, seulement les effets sur les situations de travail des enfants demeurent significatifs. La migration interne impacte directement le travail plutôt que l’instruction des enfants migrants. En Turquie, seuls quelques migrants obtiennent des rendements élevés de migration. Les enfants migrants dont les parents ont échoué à obtenir les rendements prévus peuvent commencer à travailler dans leur pays de destination.

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of AgricultureTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  2. 2.Nagase & Co., LtdChuo-kuJapan

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