Security Journal

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 389–409 | Cite as

Adding to the mix: a multilevel analysis of residential burglary

  • M. P. Peeters
  • S. Van Daele
  • T. Vander Beken
Original Article


Environmental research on residential properties’ vulnerability to burglary usually focuses either on the houses that have been burgled or on the streets in which they are located. This research explores both house and street level in a fixed-effects model and, using tangible CPTED measures, takes a wider perspective to assess vulnerability to burglary. The results indicate that dwelling type, visibility and boundary height have significant effects, and that street type and indicators of antisocial behaviour also have strong effects. Furthermore, these street-level variables appear to strengthen some of the house-level vulnerabilities. We argue that both house and street levels should therefore be included in any assessment of the risk of burglary.


Burglary Vulnerability Fixed effects CPTED Multilevel 



This work was supported by the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO - grant number G007011N).


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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Criminal Law and CriminologyLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University Hospital GhentGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Institute for International Research on Criminal PolicyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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