Psychoanalytic reflections on (the cultural studies of) CCTV culture
- 43 Downloads
Studies of surveillance and CCTV culture so far have strongly focused on the panoptical and ban-optical dimensions of the phenomena, stressing their authoritarian and socially divisive purposes and effects. This article argues for the need to also take into account the complicity and unconscious investment of the modern subject in forms of optical surveillance. Offering a series of psychoanalytically informed readings, it seeks to exemplify how cultural studies, as a discipline, will gain by (re)employing psychoanalytic approaches, and how it will be able, through addressing some of the unconscious motivations behind CCTV, to identify new possibilities for political interventions in surveillance practice.
Keywordscultural studies surveillance CCTV narcissism fetishism fantasy
- Bauman, Z. and Lyon, D. (2012) Liquid Surveillance: A Conversation. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
- BBC News. (2006) Britain is ‘Surveillance Society’. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/6108496.stm. Accessed 25 March, 2017.
- Berg, S. (2013) Locating the political in cultural studies. Journal for the Study of British Cultures 20(1): 11–26.Google Scholar
- Böhm-Schnitker, N. (2012) From public opinion to the big society: Modulations of surveillance in the (neo-)nineteenth century. Journal for the Study of British Cultures 19(1): 29–44.Google Scholar
- Bourdieu, P. (1979/2000) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Translated by R. Nice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Bowcott, O. (2008) CCTV boom has failed to slash crime, say police. The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk//uk/2008/may/06/ukcrime1. Accessed 25 March 2017.
- Coleman, R. (2004) Reclaiming the Streets: Surveillance, Social Control and the City. Cullompton: Willan.Google Scholar
- Duden, B. (1991/1993) Disembodying Women: Perspectives on Pregnancy and the Unborn. Translated by L. Hoinacki. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Dunst, A., Yekani, E.H., and Schwarz, A. (2014) The here and now of cultural studies. Journal for the Study of British Cultures 21(2): 195–222.Google Scholar
- Emig, R. (2013) Cultural studies and literary studies: A troubled relation. Journal for the Study of British Cultures 20(1): 27–41.Google Scholar
- Foucault, M. (1975/1991) Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Translated by A. Sheridan. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Freud, S. (1927/1961) Fetishism. Standard Edition, 21. London: Hogarth Press, pp. 147–157.Google Scholar
- Garland, D. (2001) The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Gill, M. and Spriggs, A. (2005) Assessing the impact of CCTV. Home Office Research Study 292. London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate.Google Scholar
- Kollek, A. (2010) ‘They know we are watching’: On social control in the ‘orderly’ neoliberal city. Hard Times 87: 27–28.Google Scholar
- Laidler, K. (2008) Surveillance Unlimited: How We’ve Become the Most Watched People on Earth. Cambridge: Icon.Google Scholar
- Laplanche, J. and Pontalis, J.-B. (1967/1973) The Language of Psycho-Analysis. Translated by D. Nicholson-Smith. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Legal Futures. (2016) Legal firm calls for compulsory CCTV in care homes to prevent abusive and neglectful care of the elderly. http://www.legalfutures.co.uk/associate-news/legal-firm-calls-for-compulsory-cctv-in-care-homes-to-prevent-abusive-and-neglectful-care-of-the-elderly. Accessed 25 March 2017.
- Minton, A. (2006) The Privatisation of Public Space. London: The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.Google Scholar
- Müller-Wood, A. (2012) Introduction: How powerful is big brother? Journal for the Study of British Cultures 19(1): 3–10.Google Scholar
- Mulvey, L. (1975/2009) Visual pleasure and narrative cinema. In: Visual and Other Pleasures. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 14–27.Google Scholar
- Mulvey, L. (1993) Some thoughts on theories of fetishism in the context of contemporary culture. October 65: 3–20.Google Scholar
- Myers, T. (2003) Slavoj Žižek. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Norris, C. (2012) Accounting for the global growth of CCTV. In: K. Ball, K.D. Haggerty, and D. Lyon (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies. London: Routledge, pp. 251–258.Google Scholar
- Reeve, T. (2013) How many CCTV cameras actually are there in the UK? arc24.co uk: Around the Clock Security. http://www.arc24.co.uk/how-many-cctv-cameras-actually-are-there-in-the-uk/. Accessed 25 March 2017.
- Rustin, M. (1995) Lacan, Klein and politics: The positive and the negative in psychoanalytic thought. In: A. Elliott and S. Frosh (eds.) Psychoanalysis in Contexts: Paths between Theory and Modern Culture. London: Routledge, pp. 223–245.Google Scholar
- Surveillance Studies Network (2006) A report on the surveillance society. http://www.ico.gov.uk/upload/documents/library/data_protection/practical_application/surveillance_society_full_report_2006.pdf. Accessed 25 March 2107.
- Turner, G. (2012) What’s Become of Cultural Studies? London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Twenge, J.M. (2011) Narcissism and culture. In: W.K. Campbell and J.D. Miller (eds.) The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, pp. 202–209.Google Scholar
- Viol, C.-U. (2013) British cultural studies and the surveillance society: Three takes on CCTV culture. In: M. Hologa, C. Lenz, C. Piskurek, and S. Schlensag (eds.) Cases of Intervention: The Great Variety of British Cultural Studies. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, pp. 223–238.Google Scholar
- Weaver, M. (2015) UK public must wake up to risks of CCTV, says Surveillance Commissioner. The Guardian (online). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/06/tony-porter-surveillance-commissioner-risk-cctv-public-transparent. Accessed 25 March 2017.
- Žižek, S. (1989) The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Žižek, S. (1999/2008a) The Ticklish Subject: The Absent Centre of Political Ontology. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Žižek, S. (2000/2008b) The Fragile Absolute; or, Why Is the Christian Legacy Worth Fighting For? London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Žižek, S. (2006) Jacques Lacan’s four discourses. http://lacan.com/zizfour.htm. Accessed 25 March 2017.