Advertisement

Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 439–447 | Cite as

Psychoanalysis in a changing Cuba: A note from the field

Field Note
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

In 2015 and 2016, the author and four other psychoanalysts from New York City visited Havana and met with the Psychoanalytic Association of Cuba (APDECU), a study group of the International Federation of Psychoanalytic Societies (IFPS). These meetings provided an important opportunity to learn about psychoanalysis in Cuba, a little known topic. The author discusses the APDECU’s history and its members’ interest in psychoanalysis, describes the trajectory of psychoanalysis since the Cuban Revolution of 1959, and observes how economic, political, and social change has affected this trajectory. Psychoanalytic private practice, as we know it in capitalist countries, ended with the revolution, and psychoanalytically-oriented clinicians are employed by state-run public health institutions. Cuba’s leaders have introduced unprecedented economic change since 2008, resulting in an increasing marketization and privatization of the economy, which they refer to as “updating” or “reforming” socialism. The author explores the impact that economic reform may have on the future development of psychoanalysis and on the professional identity of psychotherapists.

Keywords

Cuba economic reform psychoanalysis psychotherapy psychoanalytic association of Cuba (APDECU) socialism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The four psychoanalysts from New York City are Roman Crudele, James Holmes, Mary Lantz, and Beverly Schneider. I wish to thank them for their work on our Cuba project. I also thank Cristina Díaz and the members of the APDECU for their collaborative work with our group from New York.

References

  1. Ahmed, A. (2015) Optimism in Cuba, except among the young. The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/07/world/americas/cuban-youth-see-new-us-embassy-butsame-old-drab-life.html?_r=0, accessed 9 August 2015.
  2. Campbell, A. (2016) Updating Cuba’s economic model: Socialism, human development, markets and capitalism. Socialism and Democracy 30(1): 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cole, K. (2002) The process of socialist development. Latin American Perspectives 29(3): 18–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cubano Sobre el Diván (2007) Sesión VI. En Cuba el psicoanálisis sobrevive,  http://cubanosobreeldivan.blogspot.com/2007_02_01_archive.html, accessed 15 May 2017.
  5. Danneberg, E. (1992) Psychoanalysis against the grain: Argentina, Chile, Nicaragua, and Cuba. In: P. Kutter (ed.) Psychoanalysis International: A Guide to Psychoanalysis Throughout the World. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann Holzboog, pp. 241–246.Google Scholar
  6. De La Torre Molina, C.L. (2009) Psicología para América Latina: Cincuenta años de psicología-cincuenta años de revolución, August, http://www.psicolatina.org/17/cuba.html, accessed 15 May 2017.
  7. Díaz, C. (2015) Implicaciones del psicoanálisis en Cuba. Unpublished manuscript. Havana, Cuba.Google Scholar
  8. Dimen, M. (2006) Money, love, and hate: Contradiction and paradox in psychoanalysis. In: L. Layton, N.C. Hollander and S. Gutwill (eds.) Psychoanalysis, Class, and Politics: Encounters in the Clinical Setting. London: Routledge, pp. 29–50.Google Scholar
  9. Espina Prieto, M. (2004) Social effects of economic adjustment: Equality, inequality and trends toward greater complexity in Cuban society. In: J.I. Domínguez, O.E. Omar-Everleny Pérez Villanueva and L. Barbería (eds.) The Cuban Economy at the Start of the Twenty-First Century. Harvard University: Cambridge, MA, pp. 209–244.Google Scholar
  10. Feinberg, R. (2016) Open for Business: Building the New Cuban Economy. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gonzalez Rey, F.L. (2013) Sociedad y psicología en Cuba: Avanzando en uno de sus cambios de investigación y construcción teórica durante tres décadas. Revista Interamericana de Psicología 47(2): 195–210.Google Scholar
  12. Hollander, N.C. (1997) Love in a Time of Hate: Liberation Psychology in Latin America. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Katz, M. (2007) Psychoanalysis and Cuba: An interview with Maureen Katz. Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society 12(2): 180–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Langer, M. (1989) From Vienna to Managua: Journey of a Psychoanalyst. London: Free Association Books.Google Scholar
  15. Leogrande, W.M. (2015) The communist party of Cuba on the brink of generational change. In: P. Brenner, M.R. Jiménez, J.M. Kirk and W.M. Leogrande (eds.) The Revolution After Raúl Castro: A Contemporary Cuba Reader. London: Roman and Littlefield, pp. 59–72.Google Scholar
  16. Leuenberger, C. (2002) The end of socialism and the reinvention of the self: A study of the East German psychotherapeutic community in transition. Theory and Society 31(2): 255–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mason, S., Strug, D. and Beder, J. (eds.) (2010) Community Health Care in Cuba. Chicago: Lyceum Press.Google Scholar
  18. Savelli, M. (2013) The peculiar prosperity of psychoanalysis in socialist Yugoslavia. Slavic and East European Review 91(2): 262–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Strug, D. (2013) Social work in Cuba. Encyclopedia of Social Work (electronic version), http://socialwork.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.001.0001/acrefore-9780199975839-e-1036, accessed 14 May 2017.
  20. Strug, D. (2015) Cuba and Cuban social work at a time of change. Council on Social Work Education, http://www.cswe.org/CentersInitiatives/KAKI/50754/81260.aspx, accessed 15 May 2017.
  21. Togores González, V. (1999) Cuba: Efectos sociales de la crisis y el ajuste económico en los 90s. In: CEEC Balance de la Economía Cubana en los Noventa. Habana: Universidad de la Habana, CEEC, pp. 82–112.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emeritus Professor, Wurzweiler School of Social WorkYeshiva UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations