Writing with plants

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

  1. 1.

    English translations here and elsewhere are the authors.’

  2. 2.

    Both humans and plants respirate – that is, they take in oxygen from their surroundings and combine it with glucose to produce energy, releasing carbon dioxide in the process. But plants also perform photosynthesis, which fixes carbon dioxide from the air to form glucose, releasing oxygen. Marder and Irigaray emphasize the interplay of human and plant breath: humans inhale oxygen processed by plants, and plants take in carbon dioxide exhaled by humans (and other animals and plants).

  3. 3.

    Kohn makes clear that these tropical rainforests are an intensification of such principles of mutual representation, not a radical break; thus, these principles hold everywhere, no matter how much we would like to ignore them.

References

  1. Barton, A. 2017. The Shakespearean Forest. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Dinshaw, C. 2017. Black Skin, Green Masks: Medieval Foliate Heads, Racial Trauma, and Queer Worldmaking. In The Middle Ages in the Modern World: Twenty-First Century Perspectives, eds. B. Bildhauer and C. Jones, 276–304. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hall, M. 2011. Plants as Persons: A Philosophical Botany. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Harrison, R.P. 1992. Forests: The Shadow of Civilization. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Johnston, T.R. 2015. Questioning the Threshold of Sexual Difference: Irigarayan Ontology and Transgender, Intersex, and Gender-Nonconforming Being. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 21 (4): 617–33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Marder, M. 2013. Plant-Thinking: A Philosophy of Vegetal Life. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Marder, M. 2014. The Philosopher’s Plant: An Intellectual Herbarium. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Marder, M. 2016. Grafts: Writings on Plants. Minneapolis, MN: Univocal.

    Google Scholar 

  9. McCracken, P. 2012. The Floral and the Human. In Animal, Vegetable, Mineral: Ethics and Objects, ed. J. J. Cohen, 65–90. Washington, DC: Oliphaunt Books.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Miller, E.P. 2002. The Vegetative Soul: From Philosophy of Nature to Subjectivity in the Feminine. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Nardizzi, V. 2013. Wooden Os: Shakespeare’s Theatres and England’s Trees. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Patience. 1982. In The Poems of the Pearl Manuscript: Pearl, Cleanness, Patience, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, ed. M. Andrew and R. Waldron, 185–206. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

  13. Rudd, G. 2007. Greenery: Ecocritical Readings of Late Medieval English Literature. Manchester, UK; New York: Manchester University Press.

  14. Saunders, C.J. 1993. The Forest of Medieval Romance: Avernus, Broceliande, Arden. Cambridge, UK: D.S. Brewer.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Staley, L. 2012. The Island Garden: England’s Language of Nation from Gildas to Marvell. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Theis, J.S. 2009. Writing the Forest in Early Modern England: A Sylvan Pastoral Nation. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Wheeler, A. 2017. An Interview with Luce Irigaray on Through Vegetal Being: Two Philosophical Perspectives and Sexuate Difference. Angelaki, 22 (4): 177–81.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Haylie Swenson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Allor, D., Swenson, H. Writing with plants. Postmedieval 9, 496–510 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41280-018-0108-0

Download citation