Skip to main content
Log in

A growth theory perspective on the competitive landscape of shipbuilding: a comparative study of Japan, Korea, and China

  • Policy Perspectives
  • Published:
Maritime Economics & Logistics Aims and scope

Abstract

The global shipbuilding industry has undergone profound transformations, diversifying in terms of scope, complexity, and trade impact. This study explores these shifts by analyzing the evolving patterns within shipbuilding firms from Japan, Korea, and China. We embark on a historical journey, tracing the transition of industry leadership from Europe to Asia. As a case study, we present a detailed examination of the five stages of the Korean shipbuilding industry's transformation, spanning from domestic advantage to global prominence. To establish a comparative framework encompassing the shipbuilding industries of Japan, Korea, and China, we introduce two critical parameters: innovative value delivery capabilities and global market positioning. These parameters illuminate the distinctive evolutionary paths taken by the three Asian countries within the realm of shipbuilding. Our findings underscore that in an environment characterized by intensifying competition and shifting geopolitical dynamics, leading companies strategically leverage their national manufacturing strengths and logistical infrastructure while adeptly navigating the complexities of global politics and the industrial policies pursued by their respective nations. This research offers invaluable insights and implications for future investigations of the global shipbuilding industry in the post-pandemic world.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Source Author’s own based on data from Clarkson Research and the Shipbuilders’ Association of Japan

Fig. 3

Source Adapted from Haralambides (2019) and Tenold (2019)

Fig. 4

Source Adapted from Haralambides (2019) and Tenold (2019)

Fig. 5

Source Adapted from Haralambides (2019) and Tenold (2019)

Fig. 6

Source Author’s own

Fig. 7

Source The Shipbuilders’ Association of Japan

Fig. 8

Source Authors

Similar content being viewed by others

Data availability

Data available upon request.

References

  • Agostinis, G., and F. Urdinez. 2022. The nexus between authoritarian and environmental regionalism: An analysis of China’s driving role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Problems of Post-Communism 69 (4–5): 330–344.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ashbee, E. 2021. The Blue Dot Network, economic power, and China’s Belt & Road Initiative. Asian Affairs: An American Review 48 (2): 133–149.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Audretsch, D.B., A. Coad, and A. Segarra. 2014. Firm growth and innovation. Small Business Economics 43 (4): 743–749. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-014-9560-x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baek, S., S. Lee, and D. Lee. 2018. Analysis on product architecture and organizational capability of shipbuilding industry in South Korea and China. Journal of Technology Innovation 26 (2): 69–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barthwal-Datta, M., and P. Chacko. 2020. The politics of strategic narratives of regional order in the Indo-Pacific: Free, open, prosperous, inclusive? Australian Journal of International Affairs 74 (3): 244–263.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bavassano, G., C. Ferrari, and A. Tei. 2020. Blockchain: How shipping industry is dealing with the ultimate technological leap. Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100428.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bauer, F., M.A. Dao, K. Matzler, and S.Y. Tarba. 2017. How industry lifecycle sets boundary Conditions for M&A integration. Long Range Planning 50 (4): 501–517.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bothe, K., and C. Decker-Lange. 2022. Globalization from below: Labor inequality in the German shipbuilding industry, 1960–2000. Enterprise & Society. https://doi.org/10.1017/eso.2022.27.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boyd, R., and S. Nagamori. 1991. Industrial policy-making in practice: Electoral, diplomatic and other adjustments to crisis in the Japanese shipbuilding industry. In The promotion and regulation of industry in Japan, 167–204. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bruno, L., and S. Tenold. 2011. The basis for South Korea’s ascent in the shipbuilding industry, 1970–1990. The Mariner’s Mirror 97 (3): 201–217. https://doi.org/10.1080/00253359.2011.10708948.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Calder, K. 2004. Securing security through prosperity: The San Francisco System in comparative perspective. The Pacific Review 17 (1): 135–157.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chang, S.J. 2003. Financial crisis and transformation of Korean business groups: The rise and fall of chaebols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Chao, W.C. 2022. The political economy of China’s rising role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO): Leading with balance. The Chinese Economy 55 (4): 293–302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chao, S.L., and Y.H. Yeh. 2020. Comparing the productivity of major shipyards in China, South Korea, and Japan: An application of a metafrontier framework. Maritime Business Review 5 (2): 193–210. https://doi.org/10.1108/MABR-12-2019-0060.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chen, Y., M. Ma, and J.J. Mi. 2023. The impact of R&D investment on the new orders received by the shipbuilding enterprises under the background of innovation-driven development. Journal of Marine Engineering & Technology. https://doi.org/10.1080/20464177.2023.2266885.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cheng, J.M.S., C. Blankson, P.C. Wu, and S.S. Chen. 2005. A stage model of international brand development: The Perspectives of manufacturers from two newly industrialized economies—South Korea and Taiwan. Industrial Marketing Management 34 (5): 504–514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2004.09.009.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cheng, M. 2022. AUKUS: The changing dynamic and its regional implications. European Journal of Development Studies 2 (1): 1–7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cho, D.S. 1994. A dynamic approach to international competitiveness: The case of Korea. Asia Pacific Business Review 1 (1): 17–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/13602389400000002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Choe, S., and C. Pattnaik. 2007. The transformation of Korean business groups after the Asian crisis. Journal of Contemporary Asia 37 (2): 232–255. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472330701254062.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chung, D., and D. Shin. 2021. When do firms invest in R&D? Two types of performance feedback and organizational search in the Korean shipbuilding industry. Asian Business & Management 20: 583–617. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41291-019-00102-1.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cossa, R.A. 2000. US-ROK-Japan: Why a “virtual alliance” makes sense. The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 12 (1): 67–86.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • de Moura, D.A. 2017. Toyota production system-one example to shipbuilding industry. Independent Journal of Management & Production 8 (3): 874–897.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ding, Y., T. Li, and Y. Song. 2019. System dynamics study on pathways to sharpen shipbuilding competitiveness in China. Journal of Coastal Research 97 (SI): 42–54. https://doi.org/10.2112/SI97-007.1.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dong, Z. 2019. A study on the transformation and upgrading of Zhejiang marine economic industrial structure based on the analysis and evaluation of scientific and technological innovation. Journal of Coastal Research 98 (SI): 231–234.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Envall, H.D.P., and T.S. Wilkins. 2022. Japan and the new Indo-Pacific order: The rise of an entrepreneurial power. The Pacific Review 36 (4): 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/09512748.2022.2033820.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Feng, F., C. Zhai, X. Yang, and K. Feng. 2023a. China’s marine manufacturing export growth: Policy, status, and driving components. Marine Policy 149: 105495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2023.105495.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Feng, K., Y. Guo, Y. Ji, and Y. Wang. 2023b. Impact of the internet on the exports in ocean-based manufacturing: Firm-level evidence from China. Journal of Asian Economics 84: 101572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asieco.2022.101572.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Feng, H., J. Wu, and V.R. Squires. 2021. China looks to ASEAN for closer ties, freer trade, and more harmonious relations: A commentary. Archives of Business Research 9 (12): 91–103. https://doi.org/10.14738/abr.912.11344.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ferreira, F.D.A.L., L.F. Scavarda, P.S. Ceryno, and A. Leiras. 2018. Supply chain risk analysis: A shipbuilding industry case. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications 21 (5): 542–556. https://doi.org/10.1080/13675567.2018.1472748.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Foo, N., H.H. Lean, and R. Salim. 2020. The impact of China’s One Belt One Road Initiative on international trade in the ASEAN region. The North American Journal of Economics and Finance 54: 101089.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gavalas, D., T. Syriopoulos, and M. Tsatsaronis. 2022. Assessing key performance indicators in the shipbuilding industry: An MCDM approach. Maritime Policy & Management 49 (4): 463–491. https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839.2021.1876939.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Glassman, J., and Y.J. Choi. 2014. The Chaebol and the US military—Industrial complex: Cold war geopolitical economy and South Korean industrialization. Environment and Planning A 46 (5): 1160–1180. https://doi.org/10.1068/a130025p.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gong, X. 2020. Non-traditional security cooperation between China and South-east Asia: Implications for Indo-Pacific geopolitics. International Affairs 96 (1): 29–48. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiz225.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Goulielmos, A.M. 2023. Shipbuilding: The neglected industry among those of shipping, maritime & marine: The case-studies of UK, Japan & S Korea. Modern Economy 14 (2): 196–229. https://doi.org/10.4236/me.2023.142013.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Greve, H.R. 2003. A behavioral theory of R&D expenditures and innovations: Evidence from shipbuilding. Academy of Management Journal 46 (6): 685–702. https://doi.org/10.2307/30040661.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Haralambides, H.E. 2019. Gigantism in container shipping, ports and global logistics: A time-lapse into the future. Maritime Economics & Logistics 21: 1–60. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41278-018-00116-0.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harold, Scott W., Derek Grossman, Brian Harding, Jeffrey W. Hornung, Gregory Poling, Jeffrey Smith, and Meagan L. Smith. 1919. The Thickening Web of Asian Security Cooperation: Deepening Defense Ties Among U.S. Allies and Partners in the Indo-Pacific. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.

  • Hassink, R., and D.H. Shin. 2005. South Korea’s shipbuilding industry: From a couple of cathedrals in the desert to an innovative cluster. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation 13 (2): 133–155. https://doi.org/10.1080/19761597.2005.9668611.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hauge, J. 2020. Industrial policy in the era of global value chains: Towards a developmentalist framework drawing on the industrialization experiences of South Korea and Taiwan. The World Economy 43 (8): 2070–2092. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12922.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henderson, R., and K. Clark. 1990. Architectural innovation: The reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the failure of established firms. Administrative Science Quarterly 35: 9–30. https://doi.org/10.2307/2393549.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hirama, Y. 1991. Japanese naval preparations for World War ll. Naval War College Review 44 (2): 63–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hong, P., T. Kallaraka, M. Moina, and M. Hopkins. 2019. Managing change, growth and transformation: Case studies of organizations in an emerging economy. Journal of Management Development 38 (4): 298–311. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-01-2018-0011.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hong, P., and Y.W. Park. 2014. Building network capabilities in turbulent competitive environments: Business success stories from the BRICS. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Hong, P., and Y.W. Park. 2020. Rising Asia and American Hegemony: Case of competitive firms from Japan, Korea, China and India, 39–58. Singapore: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Hosoya, Y. 2019. FOIP 2.0: The evolution of Japan’s free and open Indo-Pacific strategy. Asia-Pacific Review 26 (1): 18–28.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hwang, I., and J.H. Park. 2018. The international competitive relationships of three leading countries in the global shipbuilding industry. Journal of Policy Studies 33 (3): 73–91. https://doi.org/10.52372/kjps33304.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Insisa, A., and G. Pugliese. 2022. The free and open Indo-Pacific versus the belt and road: Spheres of influence and Sino-Japanese relations. The Pacific Review 35 (3): 557–585.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang, L., E. Bastiansen, and S.P. Strandenes. 2013. The international competitiveness of China’s shipbuilding industry. Transportation Research Part e: Logistics and Transportation Review 60: 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tre.2013.10.001.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jiang, L., and S.P. Strandenes. 2012. Assessing the cost competitiveness of China’s shipbuilding industry. Maritime Economics & Logistics 14 (4): 480–497. https://doi.org/10.1057/mel.2012.17.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jin, R., Y. Cao, and F. Li. 2020. Comprehensive evaluation on the development level of shipbuilding industry and analysis of spatial distribution. Journal of Coastal Research 108 (SI): 161–165.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jo, S., and E. D’agostini. 2020. Disrupting technologies in the shipping industry: How will MASS development affect the maritime workforce in Korea. Marine Policy 120: 104139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104139.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kedong, Y., Z. Liu, C. Zhang, S. Huang, J. Li, L. Lv, and R. Zhang. 2022. Analysis and forecast of marine economy development in China. Marine Economics and Management 5 (1): 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1108/MAEM-10-2021-0009.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kim, M., T.H. Joung, B. Jeong, and H.S. Park. 2020. Autonomous shipping and its impact on regulations, technologies, and industries. Journal of International Maritime Safety, Environmental Affairs, and Shipping 4 (2): 17–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/25725084.2020.1779427.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kirton, J., and M. Larionova. 2022. Contagious convergent cumulative cooperation: The dynamic development of the G20, BRICS and SCO. International Politics. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-022-00407-7.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Klepper, S. 1997. Industry life cycles. Industrial and Corporate Change 6 (1): 145–182. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/6.1.145.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kodama, F. 1986. Technological diversification of Japanese industry. Science 233 (4761): 291–296.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koenig, P.C., H. Narita, and K. Baba. 2002. Lean production in the Japanese shipbuilding industry? Journal of Ship Production 18 (03): 167–174. https://doi.org/10.5957/jsp.2002.18.3.167.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koga, K. 2023. Struggle for coalition-building: Japan, South Korea, and the Indo-Pacific. Asian Politics & Policy 15 (1): 63–82.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Krishnan, S.N. 2011. Analysis of Chinese shipbuilding industry: Strategic lessons for India. Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India 7 (2): 66–84.

    Google Scholar 

  • Krupakar, J. 2017. China’s naval base(s) in the Indian Ocean—Signs of a maritime grand strategy? Strategic Analysis 41 (3): 207–222. https://doi.org/10.1080/09700161.2017.1296622.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kulkarni, P.R. 2015. Review of global naval shipbuilding trends and lessons for Indian shipbuilding industry. Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India 11 (1): 116–132. https://doi.org/10.1080/09733159.2015.1027076.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kuo, S.Y., P.C. Lin, and C.S. Lu. 2017. The effects of dynamic capabilities, service capabilities, competitive advantage, and organizational performance in container shipping. Transportation Research Part a: Policy and Practice 95: 356–371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2016.11.015.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee, J.M., Y.K. Jeong, and J.H. Woo. 2018. Development of an evaluation framework of production planning for the shipbuilding industry. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing 31 (9): 831–847. https://doi.org/10.1080/0951192X.2018.1449968.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee, K., and F. Malerba. 2017. Catch-up cycles and changes in industrial leadership: Windows of opportunity and responses of firms and countries in the evolution of sectoral systems. Research Policy 46 (2): 338–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2016.09.006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee, T.W. 1999. Restructuring of the economy and its impacts on the Korean maritime industry. Maritime Policy & Management 26 (4): 311–325. https://doi.org/10.1080/030888399286763.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee, T., and H. Nam. 2017. A study on green shipping in major countries: In the view of shipyards, shipping companies, ports, and policies. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics 33 (4): 253–262.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li, D.D., and E.S. Maskin. 2021. Government and economics: An emerging field of study. Journal of Government and Economics 1: 100005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li, F., W. Xing, M. Su, and J. Xu. 2021. The evolution of China’s marine economic policy and the labor productivity growth momentum of marine economy and its three economic industries. Marine Policy 134: 104777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2021.104777.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lim, C., Y. Kim, and K. Lee. 2017. Changes in industrial leadership and catch-up by latecomers in shipbuilding industry. Asian Journal of Technology Innovation 25 (1): 61–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/19761597.2017.1302537.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu, F. 2020. The recalibration of Chinese assertiveness: China’s responses to the Indo-Pacific challenge. International Affairs 96 (1): 9–27. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiz226.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Magnusson, T., and V. Werner. 2023. Conceptualisations of incumbent firms in sustainability transitions: Insights from organization theory and a systematic literature review. Business Strategy and the Environment 32 (2): 903–919. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.3081.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McKelvie, A., and J. Wiklund. 2010. Advancing firm growth research: A focus on growth mode instead of growth rate. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 34 (2): 261–288. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mickeviciene, R. 2011. Global shipbuilding competition: Trends and challenges for Europe. In The economic geography of globalization, 201–222. https://doi.org/10.5772/17215.

  • Mitsuhashi, H., and H.R. Greve. 2004. Powerful and free: Intraorganizational power and the dynamics of corporate strategy. Strategic Organization 2 (2): 107–132. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476127004042841.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mukai, Y., Y.W. Park, P. Hong, and G.C. Shin. 2019. The impact of design architecture choices on competitiveness: Comparison of Korean and Japanese shipbuilding firms. International Journal of Technology Management 79 (2): 147–164. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2019.097522.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mukherjee, R. 2018. Japan’s strategic outreach to India and the prospects of a Japan-India alliance. International Affairs 94 (4): 835–859. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiy030.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Munim, Z.H. 2019. Autonomous ships: A review, innovative applications and future maritime business models. Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal 20 (4): 266–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/16258312.2019.1631714.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Oh, J., and S.K. Rhee. 2008. The influence of supplier capabilities and technology uncertainty on manufacturer-supplier collaboration: A study of the Korean automotive industry. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 28 (6): 490–517. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443570810875331.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Panda, J.P. 2020. India, the Blue Dot Network, and the “Quad Plus” calculus. Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs 3 (3): 3–21.

    Google Scholar 

  • Park, J.K., and D.Y. Jeong. 2012. Success factors of collaboration systems in the shipbuilding industry. The Journal of Information Systems 21 (1): 19–46.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Park, S., J. Kwon, and T. Kim. 2021. An analysis of the dynamic relationship between the global macroeconomy and shipping and shipbuilding industries. Sustainability 13 (24): 13982. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413982.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Park, T., and I. Ji. 2020. Evidence of latecomers’ catch-up in CoPS industries: A systematic review. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 32 (8): 968–983. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537325.2020.1732339.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Park, Y.W., and P. Hong. 2012. Building network capabilities in turbulent competitive environments: Practices of global firms from Korea and Japan. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Park, Y.W. 2022. Ambidextrous product development strategy: Case study of Korean shipbuilding firms. In Ambidextrous global strategy in the era of digital transformation, 131–145. Singapore: Springer

  • Park, Y.W., P. Hong, and G.C. Shin. 2022. Rising and thriving in the post COVID-19 era: A case study of COSMAX, a leader of the Korean cosmetic industry. Asia Pacific Business Review. https://doi.org/10.1080/13602381.2022.2059955.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Phogat, S. 2013. An introduction to applicability of lean in shipbuilding. International Journal of Latest Research in Science and Technology 2 (6): 85–89.

    Google Scholar 

  • Roh, T., K. Lee, and J.Y. Yang. 2021. How do intellectual property rights and government support drive a firm’s green innovation? The mediating role of open innovation. Journal of Cleaner Production 317 (2): 128422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.128422.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ruuska, I., T. Ahola, M. Martinsuo, and T. Westerholm. 2013. Supplier capabilities in large shipbuilding projects. International Journal of Project Management 31 (4): 542–553. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.09.017.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schaller, M. 2004. The Korean War: The economic and strategic impact on Japan, 1950–1953. In The Korean War in world history, ed. William Stueck, 145–176. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott-Smith, G. 2020. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. In The changing global order: Challenges and prospects, 177–191.

  • Seo, Y.J., J. Dinwoodie, and M. Roe. 2016. The influence of supply chain collaboration on collaborative advantage and port performance in maritime logistics. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications 19 (6): 562–582. https://doi.org/10.1080/13675567.2015.1135237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sharma, S., and P.J. Gandhi. 2017. Scope and impact of implementing lean principles & practices in shipbuilding. Procedia Engineering 194: 232–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.08.140.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shin, D.H., and R. Hassink. 2011. Cluster life cycles: The case of the shipbuilding industry cluster in South Korea. Regional Studies 45 (10): 1387–1402. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2011.579594.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Song, D.W., K. Cullinane, and M. Roe. 2017. The productive efficiency of container terminals: An application to Korea and the UK. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315237596.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Sugita, Y. 2016. The Yoshida Doctrine as a myth. The Japanese Journal of American Studies 27: 123–143.

    Google Scholar 

  • Suzuki, Y. 2020. The competitive advantage of Japanese industries: Developments, dimensions and directions. In The competitive advantages of far eastern business, 37–51. New York: Routledge.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Tan, S.S. 2020. Consigned to hedge: South-east Asia and America’s ‘free and open Indo-Pacific’ strategy. International Affairs 96 (1): 131–148.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tenold, S. 2019. The declining role of western Europe in shipping and shipbuilding. In Shipping and globalization in the post-war era. Palgrave studies in maritime economics, ed. N. Petersson, S. Tenold, and N. White, 1900–2000. London: Palgrave Macmillan Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-26002-6_2.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Thangam, K.M., and D. Sureshkumar. 2015. Competitiveness of Indian shipbuilding industry. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development 4 (7): 18–25.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thanopoulou, H.A., D.K. Ryoo, and T.W. Lee. 1999. Korean liner shipping in the era of global alliances. Maritime Policy & Management 26 (3): 209–229. https://doi.org/10.1080/030888399286853.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Todd, D. 1984. Strategies of growth, diversification and rationalization in the evolution of concentration in British shipbuilding. Regional Studies 18 (1): 55–67.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Todd, D. 2019. The world shipbuilding industry. London: Routledge.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Totten, G.O. 2019. The reconstruction of the Japanese shipbuilding industry. In Japan and the New Ocean Regime, 130–172. London: Routledge.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Van Klink, A., and P. De Langen. 2001. Cycles in industrial clusters: The case of the shipbuilding industry in the Northern Netherlands. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie 92 (4): 449–463.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang, Y.C., and S.L. Chen. 2016. Determinants of global logistics hub ports: Comparison of the port development policies of Taiwan, Korea, and Japan. Transport Policy 45: 179–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2015.10.005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ye, F., Y. Quan, Y. He, and X. Lin. 2021. The impact of government preferences and environmental regulations on green development of China’s marine economy. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 87: 106522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2020.106522.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yu, Y., and E. Lee. 2021. A strategy for localization and commercialization of equipment and materials: The crux of the paradigm shift in shipbuilding. Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade Research Paper 21: 10-01.

  • Yum, J. 2022. Korea’s green shipping pathways: The Korean shipping landscape and policy recommendations for ocean-climate leadership in shipping. Solutions for Our Climate (SFOC) 1-60.

  • Zoltai, A., and P. Klemensits. 2020. What do China and the BRI mean to ASEAN economies? Foreign Policy Review 13: 7–23.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We would like to express our sincere appreciation for the invaluable feedback and detailed suggestions provided by the editors and referees regarding on our paper. Their comments and insights have been immensely helpful in shaping the quality and clarity of our manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Paul C. Hong.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hong, P.C., Park, Y.S., Hwang, D.W. et al. A growth theory perspective on the competitive landscape of shipbuilding: a comparative study of Japan, Korea, and China. Marit Econ Logist (2024). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41278-023-00279-5

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/s41278-023-00279-5

Keywords

Navigation