Knowledge and perceptions of polio and polio immunization in polio high-risk areas of Pakistan

Abstract

Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only countries where polio is endemic, and Pakistan reports the most cases in the world. Although the rate is lower than in previous years, the situation remains alarming. We conducted a mixed methods study in high-risk areas of Pakistan to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of target populations about polio vaccine and its eradication, and to estimate coverage of routine immunization and oral polio vaccine. We surveyed 10,685 households in Karachi, 2522 in Pishin, and 2005 in Bajaur. Some knowledge of polio is universal, but important misconceptions persist. The findings of this study carry strategic importance for program direction and implementation.

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Correspondence to Muhammad Atif Habib.

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Habib, M.A., Soofi, S.B., Ali, N. et al. Knowledge and perceptions of polio and polio immunization in polio high-risk areas of Pakistan. J Public Health Pol 38, 16–36 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41271-016-0056-6

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Keywords

  • polio
  • polio immunization
  • knowledge and perceptions
  • Pakistan