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Table 2 Distributions, by country

From: Blame and contention: how perceptions of the government’s role in the economic crisis shape patterns of political action

  All France Germany Greece Italy Poland Spain Sweden Switzerland UK
N 17,667 1934 1967 2030 1978 1947 1988 1916 1969 1938
Intends to vote against incumbent (%) 70.9 83.9 60.9 58.0 82.5 77.7 85.0 75.9 47.6 67.1
Attended meeting last 12 months (%) 9.7 5.3 7.9 12.7 13.9 8.5 12.8 9.1 7.6 8.8
Participation in demonstration last 12 months (%) 11.1 14.2 8.4 23.2 12.0 6.1 17.8 7.3 6.0 4.3
Joined strike last 12 months (%) 5.6 5.4 3.5 13.7 11.6 2.1 8.7 0.6 1.8 2.3
Relative deprivation (%) 45.4 52.6 27.3 84.6 55.7 41.8 54.3 22.5 33.0 34.8
Unsatisfied how government deals with unemployment (%) 80.0 89.4 68.4 93.2 87.8 88.3 87.9 83.0 57.0 65.0
Blames government for economic difficulties (%) 48.3 46.2 35.1 54.6 61.3 63.0 60.0 53.2 22.0 39.0
Age (mean) 44.8 48.7 44.2 39.9 44.2 41.5 43.0 47.2 43.8 51.2
Male (%) 47.2 44.1 51.9 46.7 47.5 44.5 50.1 46.0 47.2 46.8
Education (low) (%) 24.1 28.9 17.5 13.4 32.8 15.0 38.5 26.8 18.2 25.8
Manual occupation (%) 23.8 24.5 20.9 19.4 22.7 32.3 24.1 27.4 24.1 18.9
Unemployed (%) 11.7 9.1 4.0 27.5 17.2 11.5 18.8 5.4 6.5 4.5
Political interest (%) 64.3 56.3 71.0 62.9 60.0 73.7 57.7 63.9 58.4 75.5
Internal political efficacy (mean) 0.49 0.39 0.59 0.49 0.48 0.51 0.45 0.40 0.48 0.66
External political efficacy (mean) 0.48 0.40 0.48 0.35 0.57 0.65 0.49 0.46 0.44 0.49
Party attachment (mean) 2.53 2.50 2.61 2.44 2.38 2.40 2.55 2.74 2.33 2.84
Left–right values (mean) 5.2 5.5 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.5 5.4 5.7
Libertarian–authoritarian values (mean) 4.5 4.9 4.0 4.7 4.8 5.4 3.7 3.7 4.5 4.5
Organisational memberships (mean) 1.3 1.0 0.7 1.6 2.0 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.3 0.8
Unemployment rate 2014 (%) 11.8 10.3 5.0 26.5 12.7 9.0 24.4 8.0 4.5 6.1
GDP growth 2014 (%) 1.5 0.2 1.6 0.8 − 0.4 3.4 1.4 2.3 1.9 2.6
Social spending 2014 (%) 25.2 31.9 25.8 24 28.6 20.6 26.8 28.1 19.4 21.7
Tax wedge 2014 (%) 39.8 48.4 49.3 40.4 48.2 35.6 40.7 42.5 22.3 31.1
Disproportionality index 9.54 17.66 7.83 9.96 17.34 5.95 6.93 1.25 3.76 15.1