The American Journal of Psychoanalysis

, Volume 78, Issue 2, pp 205–208 | Cite as

Richard Gartner: Understanding the Sexual Betrayal of Boys and Men. The Trauma of Sexual Abuse; and Healing Sexually Betrayed Men and Boys. Treatment for Sexual Abuse, Assault and Trauma

  • Marco Bacciagaluppi
Book Reviews
These two books, edited by Richard Gartner ( 2018a, 2018b), are a follow-up of his 1999 groundbreaking volume, Betrayed as Boys. This is what I said about the 1999 work in my own book, Paradigms in Psychoanalysis:

Gartner (1999) stresses that males also suffer sexual abuse, even if less frequently than females. The reported frequency, however, is lower than the real one for cultural reasons. For example, if a boy has sexual contact with an adult woman, the prevailing culture tends to consider this experience not as violence, but as an initiation. The frequency of abuse endured by males is, therefore, underestimated in statistics (Bacciagaluppi, 2012, p. 156).

This comment is quite correct but does not pay full tribute to the importance of Gartner’s work.

As we know, after having acknowledged the reality of sexual trauma in his early work, Freud denied it in 1897, and this denial became a cornerstone of the official psychoanalytic ideology. When Ferenczi validated the reality of...


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Copyright information

© Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AAPDP (American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry)New YorkUSA

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