This paper discusses aspects of ethical presence in psychoanalysis, and the possible use of apology in the therapeutic process. The author roughly delineates two periods in the history of psychoanalysis regarding the ethical dimension—the early classical period which is influenced by Freud’s ethics of honesty, which gradually evolves towards the more recent intersubjectively-influenced period, necessitating the assimilation of an ethics of relationships. It is suggested that explicit theorizing of the ethical dimension into psychoanalysis offers added value to its effectiveness, and a framework is presented for combining relational, intersubjectively informed ethical dialogue, with contributions of classical technique, enriching the therapeutic potential of psychoanalytic work.
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This article is based upon a Ph.D. thesis that was written in the Interdisciplinary Studies Unit in Bar-Ilan University under the supervision of Prof. Avi Sagi, and Dr. Aner Govrin.
Address correspondence to Micha Weiss, Ph.D., Ahdut Haavoda st. 12, Givatayim 5320202, Israel; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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Weiss, M. Ethical Presence in the Psychoanalytic Encounter and the Role of Apology*. Am J Psychoanal 78, 28–46 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1057/s11231-017-9128-z
- ethical dialogue
- apology in psychoanalysis
- therapeutic potential of ethical presence