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Polity

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 411–429 | Cite as

The Polarization of Contemporary American Politics

  • Christopher Hare
  • Keith T Poole
Polity Symposium: Partisan Polarization and American Democracy

Abstract

Political elites of the United States are deeply polarized. Polarization of the Democratic and Republican Parties is higher than at any time since the end of the Civil War. This essay describes how the modern polarization trend emerged and its implications for mass political behavior and public policy outcomes. We contend that contemporary political polarization must be understood in terms of both the ideological divergence of the parties and the expansion of the liberal–conservative dimension of conflict to a wider set of social and cultural conflicts in American society. We close with the speculation that the Republican Party has become the more fractured of the parties along the liberal–conservative dimension at both the elite and mass level.

Keywords

political polarization ideology Congress party politics conflict extension NOMINATE 

Copyright information

© Northeastern Political Science Association 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Hare
    • 1
  • Keith T Poole
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaAthens

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