Corporate Community Interface in Disaster Management – A Preliminary Study of Mumbai, India

Abstract

The frequency of natural disasters, particularly in Asia Pacific regions, has drastically increased in the recent years. Responding to this unprecedented frequency and magnitude, the corporate sector has started to play a vital role in lessening the damage and impact after disaster as well as risk-reduction activities. This study took an exploratory survey among a number of corporate sector companies in Mumbai, India, and studied their attitude and behavior toward community and disaster management by focusing on their risk management, community involvement, and corporate social responsibility practices. It provides a wide range of corporate activities in disaster management field and their tendencies.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4

References

  1. ADPC (2004). Environmental Degradation and Disaster Risk. Bangkok, Thailand: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center.

  2. ADRC (2005). Natural Disasters Data Book – 2004. Asian Disaster Reduction Center. http://web.adrc.or.jp/publications/databook/databook_2004_eng/ [Accessed on 15 July 2006].

  3. Bhatt, R.M. (2002). Corporate Social Responsibility and Natural Disaster Reduction: Local Overview of Gujarat. Ahmedabad, India: Disaster Mitigation Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Bouton, L. and Mariusz, S. (2000). Trends in Private Investment in Developing Countries: Statistics for 1970–1998. Discussion Paper 21, Washington DC: International Finance Corporation.

  5. Business for Social Responsibility (2003). Issue Brief: Overview of Corporate Social Responsibility [Online] BSR. Available from http://www.bsr.org/CSRResources/IssueBriefDetail.cfm?DocumentID=48809 [Accessed on 30 October 2005].

  6. Campher, H. (2005). Disaster Management and Planning: An IBLF Framework for Business Response. London, UK: International Business Leaders Forum.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Dollar, D. and Aart, K. (2002). Growth is Good for the Poor. Washington DC: World Bank.

    Google Scholar 

  8. IFRC (2002). World Disaster Report 2002. London, UK: International Federation of Reduction Cross and Reduction Crescent Societies.

  9. Issar, R. and Mathur, N.B. (2005). Disaster Risk Management and the Role of Corporate Sector – The Indian Perspective. Ministry of Home Affairs, National Disaster Management Division, Government of India.

    Google Scholar 

  10. McMillan, D. and Chavis George, M.D. (1986). Sense of Community: A Definition and Theory. Journal of Community Psychology. Vol.14, pp 6–23.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Munich Re (2004). Topics Geo. Annual Review: Natural Catastrophes 2004. Münich, Germany: Münchener Rückversicherungs–Gesellschaft.

  12. Munich Re (2005). Topics Geo. Annual Review: Natural Catastrophes 2005. Münich, Germany: Münchener Rückversicherungs–Gesellschaft.

  13. Nelson, J. (2002). Building Partnerships: Cooperation Between the United Nations System and the Private Sector. New York: United Nations.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Pacific Disaster Center (2005). Disaster Risk Management Profile – Mumbai, India. http://www.pdc.org.

  15. Sharma, A., Gupta, M. and Gupta, K. (2002). Corporate Social Responsibility & Disaster Reduction – An Indian Overview. New Delhi, India: SEEDS India.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Shaw, R. and Okazaki, K. (eds) (2003). Sustainability in Grass-Roots Initiatives – Focus on Community Based Disaster Management. Kobe, Japan: United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Disaster Management Planning Hyogo Office.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Shaw, R. and Okazaki, K. (eds) (2004). Sustainable Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM) Practices in Asia – A User's Guide. Kobe Japan: United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Disaster Management Planning Hyogo Office.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Twigg, J (2001). Corporate Social Responsibility and Disaster Reduction – A Global Overview. London: Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre, University College.

    Google Scholar 

  19. UN (2002). Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. A/CONF.199/20.New York: United Nations Publications.

  20. UNDP (2003). Corporate Social Responsibility Survey 2002 – India. Joint Survey Report by UNDP/British Council/Chamber of Indian Industries/PricewaterhouseCoopers.

  21. UNDP (2004). Unleashing Entrepreneurship: Making Business Work for the Poor. Report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. New York, USA: United Nations Development Programme.

  22. UNEP (2005). Environmental Management and Disaster Preparedness – Lessons Learnt from the Tokage Typhoon, (Typhoon 23 of 2004). Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Programme.

  23. World Bank (2002). The Environmental and Social Challenges of Private Sector Projects. Washington DC, USA: World Bank Publications.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This preliminary study could not have been done without active cooperation and thorough inputs from the dedicated professionals in the field. We would like to extend special thanks to Mr Anil Sinha, Mr Amit Verma, Ms Tripti Chakravorty, Ms June Fernandes, Ms Nupur, Mr Prabhakarand, and all the other staff of the Global Forum for Disaster Reduction (GFDR) and New Media Communications in Mumbai, India, and those corporate personnel who volunteered to answer our surveys. This study was enhanced by the video-conference (VC) held with Mumbai, Manila, Tokyo, and Hanoi in December 2005. The financial as well as programmatic support of the VC, which came from the World Bank/Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC), is highly acknowledged. Rajib Shaw acknowledges the CASIFICA Research Grant of JSPS/MEXT, Government of Japan.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Takaaki Miyaguchi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Miyaguchi, T., Shaw, R. Corporate Community Interface in Disaster Management – A Preliminary Study of Mumbai, India. Risk Manag 9, 209–222 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.rm.8250036

Download citation

Keywords

  • corporate social responsibility
  • corporate sector
  • risk reduction
  • community-based disaster management