This study offers an empirical test and extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal typology of multinational companies (MNCs) A three-fold typology of multinational companies: Global, Multidomestic and Transnational is developed from the literature. This typology is tested using data from 166 subsidiaries of 37 MNCs, headquartered in 9 different countries. Subsidiaries in the three types of MNCs are shown to differ significantly in aspects of interdependence and local responsiveness.
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*Anne-Wil Harzing is Lecturer in International Management at the Management Centre, University of Bradford. Her research interests include headquarters-subsidiary relationships, international HRM and cross-cultural management.
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Harzing, A. An Empirical Analysis and Extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal Typology of Multinational Companies. J Int Bus Stud 31, 101–120 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490891