Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 101–120 | Cite as

An Empirical Analysis and Extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal Typology of Multinational Companies

  • Anne-Wil Harzing
Article

Abstract

This study offers an empirical test and extension of the Bartlett and Ghoshal typology of multinational companies (MNCs) A three-fold typology of multinational companies: Global, Multidomestic and Transnational is developed from the literature. This typology is tested using data from 166 subsidiaries of 37 MNCs, headquartered in 9 different countries. Subsidiaries in the three types of MNCs are shown to differ significantly in aspects of interdependence and local responsiveness.

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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne-Wil Harzing
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Bradford

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