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A Conceptual Model of Expatriate Turnover


Many factors may contribute to the high rate of expatriate turnover experienced by U.S. multinational corporations. The objective of this article is to present a comprehensive model of the expatriate turnover process by identifying the key contributing factors and suggesting intermediate linkages and relationships. The model appears to have both managerial and theoretical implications.

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*Earl Naumann is Professor of Marketing at Boise State University. He received his Ph.D. from Arizona State University.

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Naumann, E. A Conceptual Model of Expatriate Turnover. J Int Bus Stud 23, 499–531 (1992).

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