French Politics

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 287–291 | Cite as

The French Presidential Election of 2007: Was Sarkozy the Condorcet Winner?

  • Paul R Abramson
Data, Measures and Methods


Nicolas Sarkozy was elected in the runoff election held against Ségolène Royal on 6 May 2007. Over 100 public preelection polls were conducted between 18 October 2006 and 21 April 2007. These polls strongly suggest that Sarkozy would not have won a series of head-to-head contests against all 11 of his opponents; that is to say, he would not have met the criterion for fairness in elections advanced by the Marquis de Condorcet in the 18th century. These polls suggest that François Bayrou met this criterion and that he would have defeated Sarkozy had he advanced to the second round of the elections.


Nicolas Sarkozy François Bayrou Condorcet presidential election France 



I am grateful to André Blais, Dan S. Felsenthal, Ada W. Finifter, Michael S. Lewis-Beck, Indridi H. Indridason, Joseph A. Scheslinger, and Kaare Strøm for their comments, and to Gary W. Cox for information about election rules.


  1. Abramson, P.R., Aldrich, J.H. and Rohde, D.W. (2003) Change and Continuity in the 2000 and 2002 Elections, Washington, DC: CQ Press.Google Scholar
  2. Black, D. (1958) The Theory of Committees and Elections, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Brams, S.J. (1978) The Presidential Election Game, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Conseil constitutionnel (25 April 2007) Election presidentielle 2007: Premier tour du scrutin, Conseil constitutionnel, Paris.Google Scholar
  5. Conseil constitutionnel (10 May 2007) Proclamation des résultats de l’élection du Président de la République, Conseil constitutionnel, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Gehrlein, W.V. (2006) Condorcet's Paradox, Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. Pierce, R. (1995) Choosing the Chief: Presidential Elections in France and the United States, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Riker, W.H. (1982) Liberalism Against Populism: A Confrontation Between the Theory of Democracy and the Theory of Social Choice, San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul R Abramson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations