Strategic levers of port authorities for industrial ecosystem development
- 281 Downloads
Major ports such as Rotterdam, Antwerp, Houston and Singapore’s Jurong Port host large industrial complexes of (petro)chemical and other energy-intensive process industry firms. Port authorities face the challenge to contribute to both greater international competitiveness and better environmental performance of these complexes. The development of industrial ecosystems, in which firms located in port areas use one another’s residual energy and chemical effluents as input for their own production process, appears to be a promising strategic response to this challenge. In this article, we contribute to port research by examining how port authorities can foster this development within their port-industrial complex. We present a case study of the Port of Rotterdam to empirically capture how the Port of Rotterdam Authority has done so in the last decade by strategically making use of two generic types of policy instruments: (i) investments in physical and knowledge infrastructure and (ii) land allocation. On the basis of the case study and previous literature, we derive a set of strategic levers of port authorities to foster industrial ecosystem development. We discuss implications and challenges for port authorities.
Keywordsport-industrial complexes port authority strategic levers competitiveness environmental performance industrial ecosystems
The article has benefited from the reviewers’ comments and the guidance of the guest editors. We acknowledge the cooperation with the Port of Rotterdam Authority and in particular with its Corporate Strategy Department. This research has been conducted in the context of the PhD research of the first author, which has been funded by the Port of Rotterdam Authority and which is part of the SmartPort knowledge collaboration between the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Port of Rotterdam Authority, the City of Rotterdam and Deltalinqs.
- Brooks, M.R. and Cullinane, K. (eds.) (2006) Devolution, Port Governance and Port Performance, Vol. 17 Amsterdam: JAI Press (Elsevier).Google Scholar
- Hollen, R.M.A., Van den Bosch, F.A.J. and Volberda, H.W. (2013a) Business model innovation of the Port of Rotterdam Authority (2000–2012). In: B. Kuipers and R. Zuidwijk (eds.) Smart Port Perspectives: Essays in Honour of Hans Smits. Rotterdam, the Netherlands: Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam, pp. 29–47, ISBN: 978-90-819767-1-8.Google Scholar
- Mangan, A. and Olivetti, E. (2010) By-product synergy networks: Driving innovation through waste reduction and carbon mitigation. In: J. Harmsen and J.B. Powell (eds.) Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 81–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mirata, M. (2004) Experiences from early stages of a national industrial symbiosis programme in the UK: Determinants and coordination challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production 12 (8–10): 993–1002.Google Scholar
- OECD. (2013) The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities: Synthesis Report.Google Scholar
- Port of Rotterdam Authority. (2012) Port Vision 2030: Port Compass.Google Scholar
- Richards, D.L. and Pearson, G.P. (eds.) (1998) The Ecology of Industry: Sectors and Linkages. Washington DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Van den Bosch, F.A.J., Hollen, R.M.A., Volberda, H.W. and Baaij, M.G. (2011) The Strategic Value of the Port of Rotterdam for the International Competitiveness of the Netherlands: A First Exploration. Rotterdam, the Netherlands: INSCOPE/RSM Erasmus University, ISBN: 978-90-817220-2-5.Google Scholar
- WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- World Bank. (2007) Port Reform Toolkit Module 3: Alternative Port Management Structures and Ownership Models. Washington DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
- Yin, R.K. (2009) Case Study Research: Design and Methods, 4th edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar