Advertisement

Latino Studies

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 485–508 | Cite as

Negotiating place, space and borders: The New Sanctuary Movement

  • Gregory Freeland
Original Article

Abstract

This article examines immigration and immigrant rights through the activities of the New Sanctuary Movement (NSM). The NSM, which is led by religious activists, responds to the contradiction between the basic principles of freedom that have theoretically grounded the American political system and the practices that have allowed for the current measures taken against immigrants. This article employs narratives from NSM supporters, stories from undocumented individuals in sanctuary, and scholarly work to illustrate how the NSM works as a channel for mobilization and articulation of demands of supportive religious and political activists who seek comprehensive immigration reform, as well as providing sanctuary places for undocumented immigrants faced with deportation. The NSM in Ventura County, Los Angeles County and San Francisco, California, are used as case studies to conclude that the NSM has been effective in creating and taking advantage of political opportunities to improve public policies and immigrants’ ability to negotiate local, state and national political structures.

Keywords

immigration New Sanctuary Movement political opportunity Latino politics social movements 

References

  1. Ambassador Glazer confirms TPS Extension. 2007. Press Release United States Department of State, 2 May, http://sansalvador.usembassy.gov/pr-05022007.html.
  2. Bakalis, A . 2007. Church to be Billed for Costs of Protest: Simi Wants $40,000 for Police Presence at Event. Ventura County Star, 19 September: A1.Google Scholar
  3. Bakalis, A. and Z. Barlow . 2007. Bill for Protest Raising Eyebrows. Ventura County Star, 20 September: A1.Google Scholar
  4. Benford, R. and D. Snow . 2000. Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology 26: 11–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benford, R. and S. Hunt . 1994. Identity Talk in the Peace and Justice Movement. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 22 (4): 488–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benson, R . 1997. An Insider's Critique of the Social Movement Framing Perspective. Sociological Inquiry 64 (4): 409–430.Google Scholar
  7. Buff, R . 2008. Immigrant Rights in the Shadows of Citizenship. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Capps, R. and K. Fortuny . 2007. The Characteristics of Unauthorized Immigrants in California, Los Angeles County, and the United States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=411425, accessed 8 January 2009.
  9. Chairwoman Lynn Woolsey Statement at Subcommittee Hearing on “ICE Workplace Raids: The Impact on U.S. Citizen Children, Families, and Communities”. 2008. Press Release 20 May.Google Scholar
  10. Coutin, S.B . 1995. The Culture of Protest: Religious Activism and the U.S. Sanctuary Movement. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  11. Cunningham, H . 1995. God and Caesar at the Rio Grande: Sanctuary and the Politics of Religion. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  12. East Bay Churches Form New Sanctuary Movement to Advocate for Immigrant Families. 2007. The Catholic Voice 45(20), 19 November, http://www.catholicvoiceoakland.org/07-11-19/inthisissue6.htm, accessed 23 January 2009.
  13. Eisinger, P . 1973. The Conditions of Protest Behavior in American Cities. American Political Science Review 81: 11–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fine, G . 1995. Public Narration and Group Culture: Discerning Discourse in Social Movements. In Social Movements and Culture, eds. H. Johnston and B. Klandermans, 127–143. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  15. Golden, R. and M. McConnell . 1986. Sanctuary: The New Underground Railroad. New York: Orbis.Google Scholar
  16. Gordon, J . 2005. Suburban Sweatshops: The Fight for Immigrant Rights. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hayduk, R . 2006. Democracy for All: Restoring Immigrant Voting Rights in the United States. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Hondagneu-Sotelo, P . 2008. God's Heart Has No Borders: How Religious Activists Are Working for Immigrant Rights. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  19. Immigration Raids Not In Sync With Policies. 2008. Contra Costa Timeshttp://www.cis.org/node/667, accessed 26 January 2009.
  20. Kisken, T. and M. Klampe . 2006. Undocumented Drive Wedge in Ventura County, Ventura County Star 2 April: B1.Google Scholar
  21. Kriesi, H., R. Koopmans, J. Duyvendak and M. Giugni . 1992. New Social Movements and Political Opportunities in Western Europe. European Journal of Political Research 22: 219–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lippert, R . 2005. Sanctuary, Sovereignty, Sacrifice: Canadian Sanctuary Incidents, Power, and Law. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia.Google Scholar
  23. McAdams, D., J. McCarthy and M. Zald . 1996. Introduction: Opportunities, Mobilizing Structures, and Framing Processes–Toward a Synthetic, Comparative Perspective on Social Movements. In Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements, eds. D. McAdam, J. McCarthy and M. Zald, 1–20. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McAdams, D., J. McCarthy and M. Zald . 1988. Social Movements. In Handbook of Sociology, ed. N. Joseph, 696–737. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  25. McCarthy, J. and M. Zald . 1977. Resource Mobilization and Social Movements. The American Journal of Sociology 82 (6): 1212–1241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. New Sanctuary Movement. 2007. The New Sanctuary Movement: The First Six Months. Paper presented at the Third National Gathering, Los Angeles, CA, November.Google Scholar
  27. New Sanctuary Movement. 2009. NSM Report, September.Google Scholar
  28. Oines, J . 2007. Lecture at California Lutheran University, 26 November.Google Scholar
  29. Passel, J . 2006. Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S. Estimates Based on the March 2005 Current Population Survey. Washington DC, Pew Hispanic Center, 2 March.Google Scholar
  30. Preston, J . 2009. Agency Plans for Visa Push Made Legal. New York Times October 2: A15.Google Scholar
  31. Rodriguez, S . 2007. The Church is the Last Safe Haven. Sojourners Magazine 36.Google Scholar
  32. Sahagun, L . 2007. L.A. Church in Forefront of Sanctuary Movement. Los Angeles Times March 23: B1.Google Scholar
  33. Salvatierra, A . 2007. Sacred Refuge. Sojourner Magazine 36 (9): 12 16, 18–20.Google Scholar
  34. Scherr, J . 2007. East Bay Sanctuary Covenant Turns 25. Berkeley Daily Planet, 23 March: P1.Google Scholar
  35. Snow, D., E.B. Rochford, S. Worden and R. Benford . 1986. Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation. American Sociological Review 51: 464–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tarrow, S . 1994. Power in Movement: Collective Action, Social Movements and Politics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Tarrow, S . 1996. States and Opportunities: The Political Structuring of Social Movements. In Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements, eds. D. McAdam, J. McCarthy and M. Zald, 41–61. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ticktin, M . 2007. Edited Transcript of Miriam Ticktin's Lunchtime Presentation to SSRC Staff on 22 May 2007, http://www.ssrc.org/features/view/human-rights-for-the-few-not-the-many/, accessed 8 February 2010.
  39. U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. America's Families and Living Arrangements. Washington DC: US Department of Commerce.Google Scholar
  40. Van Biema, D . 2007. Does the Bible Support Sanctuary? Time July 20. This article is posted at http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1645646,00.html?iid=sphere-inlie-bottom.
  41. Wood, R . 1994. Faith in Action: Religion for Political Success in Three Congregations. Sociology of Religion 55 (4): 397–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zald, M. and J.D. McCarthy, eds. 1979. The Dynamics of Social Movements: Resource Mobilization, Social Control, and Tactics. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gregory Freeland
    • 1
  1. 1.California Lutheran UniversityThousand Oaks

Personalised recommendations