Advertisement

International Politics

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 426–444 | Cite as

Climate geopolitics: Securing the global economy

  • Simon Dalby
Original Article

Abstract

Climate has become a matter of security deliberation in the last few years due to the gradually dawning realization that change is happening already and has the potential to severely disrupt states and economies in coming decades. What ‘security’ has been securing is now transforming the material circumstances that made carboniferous capitalism possible in the first place. Now security requires a reformulation of the basics of fossil-fueled capitalism to attempt to overcome the worst aspects of the metabolic rift that underlies modernity, a challenge that at least so far seems more than either state planners or security thinkers are capable of dealing with effectively despite attempts to use market innovations to transform energy systems. International political economy and security studies are thus inextricably linked once the material basis underlying the climate crisis is clearly engaged.

Keywords

security climate political economy carboniferous capitalism ecological modernization neoliberalism 

Notes

References

  1. Abrahamsen, R. and Williams, M.C. (2011) Security Beyond the State: Private Security in International Relations. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, K. and Bows, A. (2011) Beyond dangerous climate change: Emission scenarios for a new world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 369: 20–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bacevich, A. (2010) Washington Rules: America’s Path to Permanent War. New York: Metropolitan.Google Scholar
  4. Barnosky, A.D. et al (2012) Approaching a state shift in earth’s biosphere. Nature 486 (7401): 52–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bell, C. (2011) The Freedom of Security: Governing Canada in the Age of Counter-Terrorism. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  6. Briggs, C.M. (2012) Climate security, risk assessment and military planning. International Affairs 88 (5): 1049–1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buzan, B., Wæver, O. and De Wilde, J. (1998) Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, K.M. et al (2007) The Age of Consequences: The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Global Climate Change. Washington DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies and Center for a New American Security.Google Scholar
  9. Carmody, P. (2011) The New Scramble for Africa. Cambridge, UK and Malden, MA: Polity.Google Scholar
  10. Chalecki, E. (2013) Environmental Security. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.Google Scholar
  11. Chandler, D. (2013) Resilience and the autotelic subject: Toward a critique of the societalization of security. International Political Sociology 7 (2): 210–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Christoff, P. (1996) Ecological modernisation, ecological modernities. Environmental Politics 5 (3): 476–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. CNA Corporation (2007) National Security and the Threat of Climate Change. Alexandria, VA: CNA Corporation.Google Scholar
  14. Cotula, L. (2012) The international political economy of the global land rush: A critical appraisal of trends, scale, geography and drivers. Journal of Peasant Studies 39 (3–4): 649–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dabelko, G., Herzer, L., Null, S., Parker, M. and Sticklor, R. (eds.) (2013) Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation. Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Environmental Change and Security Program Report 14(2): 1–60.Google Scholar
  16. Dalby, S. (2002) Environmental Security. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  17. Dalby, S. (2009a) Geopolitics, the revolution in military affairs and the Bush doctrine. International Politics 46 (2/3): 234–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dalby, S. (2009b) Security and Environmental Change. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  19. Dalby, S. (2013) The geopolitics of climate change. Political Geography 37: 38–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dalby, S. (2014) Rethinking geopolitics: Climate security in the anthropocene. Global Policy 5 (1): 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dalby, S. and Paterson, M. (2009) Over a barrel: Cultural political economy and ‘oil imperialism’. In: F. Debrix and M. Lacy (eds.) The Geopolitics of American Insecurity: Terror, Power and Foreign Policy. New York: Routledge, pp. 181–196.Google Scholar
  22. Dauvergne, P. (2008) The Shadows of Consumption: Consequences for the Global Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  23. Deudney, D. (1999) Bringing nature back in: Geopolitical theory from the Greeks to the global era. In: D. Deudney and R. Matthew (eds.) Contested Grounds: Security and Conflict in the New Environmental Politics. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, pp. 25–57.Google Scholar
  24. Fierke, K.M. (2007) Critical Approaches to International Security. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  25. Floyd, R. and Matthew, R. (eds.) (2013) Environmental Security. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Foresight (2011) International Dimensions of Climate Change, Final Project Report. London: The Government Office.Google Scholar
  27. Foster, J.B. (2009) The Ecological Revolution: Making Peace with the Planet. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  28. Foster, J.B. (2013) James Hansen and the climate change exit strategy. Monthly Review 64 (9): 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. German Advisory Council on Global Change (2008) Climate Change as a Security Risk. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  30. Grove, K. (2012) Preempting the next disaster: Catastrophe insurance and the financialization of disaster management. Security Dialogue 43 (2): 139–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hamilton, C. (2013) Earthmasters: The Dawn of the Age of Climate Engineering. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Hansen, J. (2009) Storms of My Grandchildren. New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  33. Harris, P.G. (2013) What’s Wrong with Climate Politics and How to Fix It. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  34. Hommel, D. and Murphy, A.B. (2013) Rethinking geopolitics in an era of climate change. GeoJournal 78 (3): 507–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Humphreys, D. (2011) Smoke and mirrors: Some reflections on the science and politics of geoengineering. Journal of Environment and Development 20 (2): 99–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. ICISS (2001) The Responsibility to Protect. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
  37. Kaldor, M. (2007) Human Security: Reflections on Globalization and Intervention. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  38. Latham, R. (1997) The Liberal Moment: Modernity, Security and the Making of the Post War International Order. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Lohmann, L. (2006) Carbon trading: A critical conversation on climate change, privatization and power. Development Dialogue 48: 1–356.Google Scholar
  40. Luke, T. (2010) Geoengineering as global climate change policy. Critical Policy Studies 4 (2): 111–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. MacNeil, R. (2013) Alternative climate policy pathways in the US. Climate Policy 13 (2): 259–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Matondi, P.B., Havnevik, K. and Beyene, A. (eds.) (2011) Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  43. Mayer, M. (2012) Chaotic climate change and security. International Political Sociology 6 (2): 165–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McNeill, J.R. (2000) Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  45. Mitchell, T. (2011) Carbon Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  46. Mumford, L. (1934) Technics and Civilisation. New York: Harcourt.Google Scholar
  47. Neocleous, M. (2008) Critique of Security. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Newell, P. and Paterson, M. (2010) Climate Capitalism. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Panitch, L. and Gindin, S. (2012) The Making of Global Capitalism: The Political Economy of American Empire. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  50. Parr, A. (2013) The Wrath of Capital: Neoliberalism and Climate Change Politics. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Paterson, M. (2012) Who and what are carbon markets for? Politics and the development of climate policy. Climate Policy 12 (1): 82–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Paterson, M. (2013) Commodification. In: C. Death (ed.) Critical Environmental Politics. London: Routledge, pp. 53–62.Google Scholar
  53. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics (2012) Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided. Washington DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
  54. Rothschild, E. (1995) What is security? Daedalus 124 (3): 53–98.Google Scholar
  55. Sassen, S. (2013) Land grabs today: Feeding the disassembling of national territory. Globalizations 10 (1): 25–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Smith, N. (2005) The Endgame of Globalization. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  57. Stern, N. (2009) The Global Deal: Climate Change and the Creation of a New Era of Progress and Prosperity. New York: Public Affairs.Google Scholar
  58. Stiglitz, J.E. and Kaldor, M. (eds.) (2013) The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Szasz, A. (2007) Shopping Our Way to Safety. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  60. Theisen, O.M., Holtermann, H. and Buhaug, H. (2011) Climate wars?: Assessing the claim that drought breeds conflict. International Security 36 (3): 79–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. United Nations Environment Program (2012) GEO5 Global Environmental Outlook: Environment for the Future We Want. Nairobi, Kenya: United Nations Environment Program.Google Scholar
  62. Webersik, C. (2010) Climate Change and Security: A Gathering Storm of Global Challenges. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.Google Scholar
  63. White, G. (2011) Climate Change and Migration: Security and Borders in a Warming World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Williams, M.C. (2003) Words, images, enemies: Securitization and international politics. International Studies Quarterly 47 (4): 511–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Yergin, D. (2011) The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon Dalby
    • 1
  1. 1.Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada

Personalised recommendations