Entrapped again: The way to EU membership negotiations with Turkey
- 569 Downloads
The membership of Turkey is one of the most controversial external relations issues of the European Union (EU). In a comparison of four instances of decision-making on accession negotiations with Turkey between 1997 and 2006, this paper explains why and under which conditions Turkey has progressed on the way to EU membership in spite of persistent and increasing divergence of membership preferences. In line with the entrapment hypothesis of normative institutionalism, the analysis shows that Turkey and its supporters within the EU have been able to overcome the opposition to its membership bid to the extent that Turkey followed the fundamental norms of the EU.
KeywordsTurkey EU membership normative institutionalism entrapment hypothesis
I thank Alexander Bürgin for research assistance and the participants and commentators at the project workshops in Pittsburgh and Dublin for valuable comments.
- Alber, J. (2006) Zehn Fragen zum EU-Beitritt der Türkei. In: J. Alber and W. Merkel (eds.) Europas Osterweiterung: Das Ende der Vertiefung? Berlin, Germany: edition sigma.Google Scholar
- Commission of the European Communities. (2002) Regular Report on Turkey's Progress Towards Accession, SEC(2002) 1412, Brussels, 9 October.Google Scholar
- Commission of the European Communities. (2004a) Regular Report on Turkey's Progress Towards Accession, SEC(2004) 1201, Brussels, 6 October.Google Scholar
- Commission of the European Communities. (2004b) Recommendation of the European Commission on Turkey's Progress Towards Accession, COM(2004) 656 final, Brussels, 6 October.Google Scholar
- Engert, S. (2004) Explaining EU enlargement and socialization. Turkey and Cyprus: A double puzzle. Dissertation, Darmstadt University of Technology.Google Scholar
- Reuter, J. (2000) Athens Türkeipolitik im Wandel. Griechisch-türkische Beziehungen vor und nach dem EU-Gipfel von Helsinki. Südosteuropa-Mitteilungen 40 (1): 47–64.Google Scholar
- Sedelmeier, U. (2005) Constructing the Path to Eastern Enlargement. The Uneven Policy Impact of EU Identity. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar