IMF Economic Review

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 505–532 | Cite as

On Oil Price Shocks: The Role of Storage

  • Deren Unalmis
  • Ibrahim Unalmis
  • Derya Filiz Unsal


Building on recent work on the role of speculation and inventories in oil markets, the paper embeds a competitive oil storage model within a DSGE model of the U.S. economy. This enables us to formally analyze the impact of a (speculative) storage demand shock and to assess how the effects of various demand and supply shocks change in the presence of oil storage facility. The paper finds that business-cycle-driven oil demand shocks are the most important drivers of U.S. oil price fluctuations during 1982–2007. Disregarding the storage facility in the model causes a considerable upward bias in the estimated role of oil supply shocks in driving oil price fluctuations. The results also confirm that a change in the composition of shocks helps explain the resilience of the macroeconomic environment to the oil price surge after 2003. Finally, speculative storage is shown to have a mitigating or amplifying role depending on the nature of the shock.

JEL Classifications

C68 E12 Q43 


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Copyright information

© International Monetary Fund 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deren Unalmis
  • Ibrahim Unalmis
  • Derya Filiz Unsal

There are no affiliations available

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