European Political Science

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 354–368 | Cite as

framing processes and lobbying in EU foreign policy: case study and process-tracing methods

  • benedetta voltolini
  • rainer eising


This article discusses the potential of case study and process-tracing methods for studying lobbying and framing in the European Union (EU). It argues that case studies and process tracing allow us to explore different sets of questions than large-N and quantitative approaches and to shed light on the mechanisms that contribute to policy change. Through these methods it is possible to study long-term processes and under-researched areas, to analyse the social construction of frames and to single out the conditions that lead to successful framing. In order to show the advantages of case studies and process tracing, illustrative examples drawn from the case study of EU foreign policy towards the Israeli–Palestinian conflict are provided.


framing case study process tracing lobbying EU foreign policy 



The author would like to thank Rainer Eising, Helene Helboe Pedersen, the participants of the 2014 ECPR Joint Sessions Workshop in Methodological Challenges and Contradictory Results in the Study of Interest Groups in Salamanca and the anonymous reviewers for their feedback on previous versions of this article.


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Copyright information

© European Consortium for Political Research 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre d’études européennes, Sciences PoParis Cedex 07France
  2. 2.Department of Social Science, Ruhr-University BochumBochumGermany

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