Data Availability in Political Science Journals

Abstract

A characteristic of recent decades of scholarly work in the social sciences has been the increased amounts of empirical research. Access and availability of data are prerequisites for further research, replication work, and scientific development. As international peer-reviewed journals have gradually become the central forum for research debate, moves towards data sharing are dependent upon the policies of journals regarding data availability. This article examines contemporary data availability policies in political science and investigates the extent to which journals adopt such policies and their content. It also identifies a few factors associated with the existence of such policies.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Abbott, A. (2007) ‘Notes on replication’, Sociological Methods & Research 36 (2): 210–219.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Anderson, C. (2008) ‘The end of theory: The data deluge makes the scientific method obsolete’, Wired Magazine 16 (8), available at: http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/magazine/16-07/pb_theory.

  3. Bueno de Mesquita, B. (2003) ‘Getting firm on replication’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 98–100.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Busenitz, L.W., West, III, G.P., Shepherd, D., Nelson, T., Chandler, G.N. and Zacharakis, A. (2003) ‘Entrepreneurship research in emergence: Past trends and future directions’, Journal of Management 29 (3): 285–308.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. (1998) Proposals for safeguarding good scientific practice, Bonn: Wiley-VCH.

  6. Dewald, W.G., Thursby, J.G. and Anderson, R.G. (1986) ‘Replication in empirical economics: The Journal of Money, Credit and Banking project’, American Economic Review 76 (4) (September): 587–603.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Dietrich, D., Adamus, T., Miner, A. and Steinhart, G. (2012) ‘De-mystifying the data management requirements of research funders’, Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship 70 (1), DOI:10.5062/F44M92G2.

  8. Digital Curation Centre. (2012) ‘Overview of funders’ data policies’, available at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/policy-and-legal/overview-funders-data-policies, accessed 14 August 2012.

  9. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). (2010) ‘ESRC research data policy September 2010’, available at: http://www.esrc.ac.uk/_images/Research_Data_Policy_2010_tcm8-4595.pdf, accessed 14 August 2012.

  10. European Union. (2010) ‘Riding the wave: How Europe can gain from the rising tide of scientific data. Final report of the high level expert group on scientific data’, available at: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ict/e-infrastructure/docs/hlg-sdi-report.pdf, accessed 14 August 2012.

  11. Evanschitsky, H. (2010) ‘Replications of forecasting research’, International Journal of Forecasting 26 (1): 4–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Fowler, L.L. (1995) ‘Replication as regulation’, PS: Political Science and Politics 28 (3): 478–481.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Freese, J. (2007) ‘Replication standards in quantitative social science – why not sociology’, Sociological Methods and Research 36 (2): 153–172.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Gibson, J.L. (1995) ‘Cautious reflections on a data archiving policy for political science’, PS: Political Science and Politics 28 (3): 473–476.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Gleditsch, N.P. (2002) ‘Double-blind but more transparent’, Journal of Peace Research 39 (3): 259–262.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Gleditsch, N.P. and Metelits, C. (2003) ‘Replication in international relations journals: Policies and practices’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 72–79.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Gleditsch, N.P., Metelits, C. and Strand, H. (2003a) ‘Posting your data: Will you be scooped or will you be famous’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 89–97.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Gleditsch, N.P., James, P., Ray, J.L. and Russett, B. (2003b) ‘Editors’ joint statement: Minimum replication standards for international relations journals’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 105.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Horton, L. and Katsanidou, A. (2011) ‘Purposing your survey: archives as a market regulator, or how can archives connect supply and demand?’ IASSIST Quarterly 35 (4): 18–23.

    Google Scholar 

  20. James, P. (2003) ‘Replication policies and practices in International Studies Quarterly’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 85–88.

    Google Scholar 

  21. King, G. (1995) ‘Replication, replication’, PS: Political Science and Politics 28 (3): 443–499.

    Google Scholar 

  22. King, G. (2003) ‘The future of the replication movement’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 100–105.

    Google Scholar 

  23. King, G. (2006) ‘Publication, publication’, PS: Political Science and Politics 39 (1): 119–125.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Meir, K.J. (1995) ‘Replication: A view from the streets’, Political Science and Politics 28 (3): 456–459.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. National Institutes of Health. (2003) ‘What to include in an NIH application’, available at: http://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing/data_sharing_guidance.htm#inc, accessed 14 August 2012.

  26. National Science Foundation. (2011) ‘NSF data management plan requirements’, available at: http://www.nsf.gov/eng/general/dmp.jsp, accessed 14 August 2012.

  27. Piwowar, H.A., Day, R.S. and Fridsma, D.B. (2007) ‘Sharing detailed research data is associated with increased citation rate’, PLoS ONE 2 (3): 1–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Research Councils UK. (2011) ‘RCUK common principles on data policy’, available at: http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/research/Pages/DataPolicy.aspx, accessed 14 August 2012.

  29. Russett, B. (2003) ‘The Journal of Conflict Resolution's policy on replication’, International Studies Perspectives 4 (1): 88–89.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Scudder, G.D. and Hill, C.A. (1998) ‘A review and classification of empirical research in operations management’, Journal of Operations Management 16 (1): 91–101.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to sergiu gherghina.

Additional information

Supplementary information accompanies the paper on European Political Science website (http://www.palgrave.com/eps)

Electronic supplementary material

Appendices

Appendix A

Table A1

Table A1 Journal acronyms

Appendix B

LETTER TO THE EDITORS

Department of Data Archive for the Social SciencesGESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences Cologne25 October 2011Dear Journal Editor,

The International Data Infrastructure team at the GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences is conducting a review of international, peer-reviewed journal data policies to assess the state of data availability in the social sciences (i.e. if the authors are requested to make available the unique data used in their analysis). You may be aware that a range of academic journals are moving towards a requirement that the data supporting publications be archived in an appropriate place for both preservation and accessibility for data reuse. The intention of our team is to create a resource that concentrates the data policies of the 200 leading political science journals in order to increase researcher incentives for further data sharing. Such a resource will allow trends in data sharing requirements to become apparent and provide researchers with a useful reference point. The results will be publicly available on our institution's website and in an academic work within the following 6 months.

During the first phase of the investigation, we analysed data availability online provisions (e.g. the existence of a policy regarding data availability in the guidelines for submission). We are now into the second phase of this review, examining those journals without an explicit, publicly accessible data policy. Consequently, we would be appreciative if you could confirm by 1 December 2011 if your journal has (e.g. following the acceptance of a manuscript), or is planning to adopt, a policy. If you already have such a policy, we would be grateful if you could share it with us for analysis. The e-mail address where it can be sent is: sergiu.gherghina@gesis.org. For any supplementary details, please do not hesitate to contact us at the same e-mail address.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

gherghina, s., katsanidou, a. Data Availability in Political Science Journals. Eur Polit Sci 12, 333–349 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1057/eps.2013.8

Download citation

Keywords

  • data availability
  • replication policy
  • political science