European Political Science

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 387–397 | Cite as

Why is Europe Peaceful Today?

  • John J Mearsheimer
ECPR Keynote Lecture


This talk attempts to explain Europe's peacefulness since the Berlin Wall fell. The core argument is that this tranquility is mainly because of Europe's relationship with the United States, which has changed little since the Cold War ended. America continues to act as Europe's pacifier by keeping substantial military forces in the region. Moreover, many European countries have been helping the United States police the globe, which focuses their attention outward, not on each other.


American pacifier NATO peace in Europe Francis Fukuyama 


  1. Fukuyama, F. (1989) ‘The end of history?’ The National Interest 16 (Summer): 3–18.Google Scholar
  2. Hartz, L. (1955) The Liberal Tradition in America: An Interpretation of American Political Thought Since the Revolution, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.Google Scholar
  3. Mearsheimer, J.J. (1990a) ‘Back to the future: instability in Europe after the cold war’, International Security 15 (4): 5–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mearsheimer, J.J. (1990b) ‘Why we will soon miss the cold war’, The Atlantic 266 (2): 35–50.Google Scholar
  5. Walker, M., Rosenberg, M. and Dreazen, Y.J. (2009) ‘Germany faces scrutiny over Afghan Airstrike’, Wall Street Journal, 8 September.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© European Consortium for Political Research 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John J Mearsheimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Political Science DepartmentUniversity of Chicago 5828Chicago

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