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Women in Artisanal Fisheries in Brittany, France


French fishers' wives play an important role within fisheries enterprises by realizing different tasks such as administration, repairing fishing gear and selling fish. This informal contribution became legally recognized with the creation of collaborative spouse status (CSS) in 1998. Katia Frangoudes and Enora Keromnes discuss the diverse contributions of women to Brittany fisheries and the reasons that push women to opt or not opt for legal status.

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Figure 1


  1. All quotations used in this article are coming from interviews realized with fishers' wives.


  • CAAM (2006) ‘Données Statistiques sur L'emploi dans la Pêche et la Conchyliculture en France’, Saint Malo.

  • CEASM (1998) ‘Le Référentiel Professionnel (Métier) Conjointe de Chef d'entreprise à la Pêche’, report for the Programme ADAPT, NAT/97/284/A1, Paris.

  • CEE (1986) ‘European Council Directive, 86/613/EEC, ‘on the application of the principle of equal treatment between men and women engaged in an activity and women engaged in the activity, including agriculture, in a self employed capacity and on the protection of self employment during pregnancy and motherhood’’, Brussels, 1986.

  • Frangoudes, Katia and Joan Doherty (2006) ‘Legal Recognition of Women's Contribution in Fisheries and Aquaculture in European Union’, paper given at a Global symposium on ‘Gender in Fisheries’, Penang, Malaysia, 1–2 December 2004.

  • Gerrard, Siri (2005) ‘Norway: women in Fishing: important yet marginalized’, Samudra, Issue 42, November 2005, India.

  • Keromnes, Enora (2007) ‘Evaluation de la Contribution des Conjointes aux Entreprises de Pêche Artisanales en Bretagne’, Master Degree Thesis, Agrocampus, Rennes.

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Illustrates how French fishers' wives play an important role within fisheries

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Frangoudes, K., Keromnes, E. Women in Artisanal Fisheries in Brittany, France. Development 51, 265–270 (2008).

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  • gender
  • equal opportunities
  • informal work
  • legal status
  • collaborative spouse