Skip to main content

A university sexual misconduct policy: Prioritizing student victims’ voices

Abstract

This article discusses the creation of a college campus sexual misconduct policy. Major emphasis is placed on the involvement and input of students at all levels of policy creation. In order to elicit student feedback, a survey was administered to 119 students. Survey results revealed that exposure to sexually aggressive experiences were related to the location of the incident and the perpetrator's group affiliation (for example, athletes). Findings also revealed a relationship between the use of intoxicants and experience with sexual aggression. In addition, findings revealed that respondents who had sexually aggressive experiences did not report their experience to on-campus resources. These findings resulted in specific policy changes and recommendations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Abbey, A., Clinton-Sherrod, A.M., McAuslan, P., Zawacki, T. and Buck, P.O. (2003) The relationship between the quantity of alcohol consumed and the severity of sexual assaults committed by college me. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 18 (7): 813–833.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Abbey, A., Zawacki, T., Buck, P.O., Clinton, A.M. and McAuslan, P. (2001) Alcohol and sexual assault. Alcohol, Research & Health 25: 43–51.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anderson, L.A. and Whiston, S.C. (2005) Sexual assault education programs: A meta-analytic examination of their effectiveness. Psychology of Women Quarterly 29: 374–388.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boeringer, S.B. (1994) Pornography and sexual aggression: Associations of violence and nonviolent depictions with rape and rape proclivity. Deviant Behavior 15 (3): 289–304.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boeringer, S.B. (1996) Influences of fraternity membership, athletics, and male living arrangements on sexual aggression. Violence Against Women 2 (2): 134–147.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boeringer, S.B., Shenan, C. and Akers, R. (1991) Social contexts and social learning in sexual coercion and aggression: Assessing the contribution of fraternity membership. Family Relations 40 (1): 58–64.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Campbell-Ruggaard, J. and Van Ryswyk, J. (2001) Rape on campus: Numbers tell less than half the story. In: M. Smith (ed.) Sex without Consent: Rape and Sexual Coercion in America (283–299). New York: New York University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carr, J.L. and VanDeusen, K.M. (2004) Risk factors for male sexual aggression on college campuses. Journal of Family Violence 19 (5): 279–289.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • DeKeseredy, W.S. and Kelly, K. (1993) The incidence and prevalence of women abuse in Canadian university and college dating relationships. Canadian Journal of Sociology 18 (2): 137–159.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Du Mont, J., Miller, K. and Myhr, T. (2003) The role of ‘real rape’ and ‘real victim’ stereotypes in the police reporting practices of sexually assaulted women. Violence Against Women 9 (4): 466–486.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fisher, B.S., Cullen, S.T. and Turner, M.G. (2000) Measuring sexual victimization of women: Evolution, current controversies and future research. In: D. Dufee (ed.) Criminal Justice, 2000, Vol 4 – Measurement and Analysis of Crime and Justice. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, pp. 317–390.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fisher, B.S., Daigle, L.E. and Cullen, S.T. (2010) Unsafe in the Ivory Tower: The Sexual Victimization of College Women. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Karjane, H.M, Fisher, B.S. and Cullen, S.T. (2005) Sexual assault on campus: What colleges and universities are doing about it? http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/205521.pdf.

  • Koss, M.P., Dinero, T.E., Seibel, C.A. and Cox, S.L. (1988) Stranger and acquaintance rape: Are there differences in the victim's experience? Psychology of Women Quarterly 12 (1): 1–24.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koss, M.P., Gidycz, C.J. and Wisiniewski, N. (1987) The scope of rape: Incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of students in higher education. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 55 (2): 162–170.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koss, M.P. and Oros, C. (1982) Sexual experiences survey: A research instrument's investigation of sexual aggression and victimization. Journal of Consulting Psychology 50 (3): 455–457.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • LaCasse, A. and Mendelson, M.J. (2007) Sexual coercion among adolescents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 22 (4): 424–437.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mohler-Kuo, M., DowDall, G.W., Koss, M.P. and Weschler, H. (2004) Correlates of rape while intoxicated in a national sample of college women. Journal of Studies of Alcohol 65 (1): 37–45.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Monroe, L.M., Kinney, L., Weist, M.D., Spriggs-Dafeamekpor, D., Dantzler, J. and Reynolds, M.W. (2005) The experiences of sexual assault. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 20 (7): 767–776.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Palmer, R.S., McMahon, T.J., Rounsaville, B.J. and Ball, S.A. (2010) Coercive sexual experiences, protective behavioral strategies, alcohol expectancies and consuming among male and female college students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25 (9): 1563–1578.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rennison, C.M. (2002) Rape and sexual assault: Reporting to police and medical attention, 1992–2000, http://wwwojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/rsarp00.pdf.

  • Spitzberg, B.H. (1999) An analysis of empirical estimates of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration. Violence and Victims 14 (3): 241–260.

    Google Scholar 

  • Testa, M., VanZile-Tamsen, C., Livingston, J.A. and Koss, M.P. (2004) Assessing women's experiences of sexual aggression using the sexual experience survey: Evidence for validity and implications for research. Psychology of Women Quarterly 28 (3): 256–265.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thomas, J. (2005) Young women victimized in adolescents are at risk of further sexual violence. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 37 (1): 50–51.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tjaden, P. and Thoennes, N. (2000) Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women (NCJ 183781), http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/183781.pdf.

  • U.S. Department of Education. Office of Postsecondary Education. (2005) The Handbook for Campus Crime Reporting. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

  • U.S. Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs: Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2008) Criminal Victimization in the United States, 2006 Statistical Tables. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

  • Walsh, W.A., Banyard, V.L., Moynihan, M.M., Ward, S. and Cohn, E.S. (2010) Disclosure and service use on a college campus after an unwanted sexual experience. Journal of Trauma and Disassociation 11 (2): 134–151.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, A.E., Calhoun, K.S. and McNair, L.D. (2002) Alcohol consumption and experiences among sexually coercive college men. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 17 (11): 1145–1159.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tracy L Tamborra.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tamborra, T., Narchet, F. A university sexual misconduct policy: Prioritizing student victims’ voices. Crime Prev Community Saf 13, 16–33 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1057/cpcs.2010.17

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/cpcs.2010.17

Keywords

  • sexual assault policy
  • college campus sexual assault